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06 Jan 2011 description

Executive summary

In December 2009, the Executive Committee (ExCom) of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) adopted an ExCom Conclusion on protracted refugee situations (PRS) (UNHCR 2009a). This is a potentially significant development and reflects a growing international interest in one of the most complex and difficult humanitarian problems facing the international community today.

Although Executive Committee Conclusions are not legally binding, they constitute broad expressions of consensus regarding the principles of international protection.

10 Feb 2007 description

RSC Working Paper 39

Background

Patterns of forced migration in Burma (Myanmar) have been structured by the changing nature of conflict in the country. Since independence in 1948, Burma has been subject to armed conflict, in the form of a communist insurgency - which came close to seizing state power in the late 1940s and early 1950s (Taylor 1987) - and a series of inter-linked ethnic rebellions (Smith 1999).