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22 Jan 2018 description

Preface

Floods are amongst the most damaging and recurrent of all disasters.

Data reveals that floods are at the top of the list of disasters that should worry us, defying our perceptions about most dangerous disasters that are often based around the more media savvy earthquakes. Additionally, floods are morphing into new and even more devastating forms in recent years.

19 Jan 2018 description

Feature: Philippines

As many as 790,000 people were displaced between 16 and 28 December in Regions V, VI, VII, VIII, XIII and MIMAROPA due to Tropical Storm Urduja/Kai-Tak which made landfall in the Philippines on 12 December and exited on 19 December. A total of 418,000 people stayed in evacuation centres, while 372,000 people stayed with families and friends. As of 28 December, all evacuees had returned home (DROMIC, 4 Jan 2018).

18 Jan 2018 description

Japan has learned through hard experience the importance of investing in disaster preparedness, and it is using those lessons to help other countries. Japan experiences 20% of the earthquakes of magnitude 6 and higher that occur in the world, and it is exposed to uncountable natural disasters like typhoons and active volcanoes. Japan thus has a long history of awareness of the importance of disaster risk reduction. Today, it is one of the few countries in the world where proactive disaster risk reduction measures are widespread.

16 Jan 2018 description

The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:

» Every State has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from the four mass atrocity crimes (Pillar I).

» The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual States in meeting that responsibility (Pillar II).

16 Jan 2018 description
report Freedom House

Key Findings

  • Democracy faced its most serious crisis in decades in 2017 as its basic tenets—including guarantees of free and fair elections, the rights of minorities, freedom of the press, and the rule of law—came under attack around the world.

  • Seventy-one countries suffered net declines in political rights and civil liberties, with only 35 registering gains. This marked the 12th consecutive year of decline in global freedom.

16 Jan 2018 description

Myanmar (Burma)

Atrocities committed against the Rohingya minority constitute crimes against humanity under international law. These crimes may ultimately prove to be genocidal in intent.

16 Jan 2018 description

Summary

We are examining DFID’s work in Bangladesh and Burma. This Report is the first output from that inquiry. It focuses on the culmination of decades of marginalisation and abuse of the Rohingya people of Rakhine State in northern Burma. This took the form of a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing” perpetrated by the Burmese security forces over the latter half of 2017 causing the flight of over 650,500 Rohingya people into Bangladesh.

11 Jan 2018 description

Editorial

François Grünewald and Véronique de Geoffroy

11 Jan 2018 description

Réiseal Ni Chéilleachair & Dr. Fiona Shanahan

When we need help, we go local

When people are in crisis, they usually seek support from those closest to them, within their own families, social groups and communities. The continuity of presence and consistency of support, regardless of scale or statistics, is what often sets a local actor apart from an international actor. In protection work, local is key; it is where trust sits.

10 Jan 2018 description

While the financing sources of non-state armed groups (NSAGs) both during active hostilities and after peace agreements has received much attention in the academic and peace-practitioner fields, information about the funding of NSAGs during the time between active fighting and the conclusion of a peace agreement is much less available. This study aims to fill that gap by investigating the sources of financial support for armed groups during ceasefires and peace negotiations.

10 Jan 2018 description
report Education Cluster

SDR Executive Summary

An outbreak of violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine State on 25 August 2017 triggered a large-scale influx of the Rohyinga population into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. They join other members of the Rohingya population who crossed into Bangladesh previously and reside in formal camps and makeshift settlements. The new influx has resulted in the expansion of these sites, as well as new spontaneous settlements; some of the new arrivals have also settled within the host community.

04 Jan 2018 description

Background

The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.

02 Jan 2018 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

In many protracted emergencies, the prevalence rates of global acute malnutrition (GAM) regularly exceed the emergency threshold of > 15% of children with acute malnutrition (< -2 weight-for-height z-scores (WHZ) or with nutritional edema), despite ongoing humanitarian interventions. The widespread scale and long-lasting nature of “persistent GAM” means that it is a policy and programming priority.

20 Dec 2017 description

BALTIMORE, Dec. 20, 2017 - Lutheran World Relief (LWR), an international NGO working to develop sustainable solutions to poverty, has released its 2018 Early Warning Forecast of regions it is monitoring for potential or worsening humanitarian crises over the coming year: 11 Humanitarian Hotspots for the World to Watch

Ambassador Daniel V. Speckhard, LWR president & CEO, noted that armed conflict is a thread running through the world's current crises.

20 Dec 2017 description

East Asia and Pacific

Affected areas: Aceh, Bali, Central Java, East Java, Lombok and North Sumatra
Cause of displacement: Disaster
Figures: More than 102,000 new displacements between 25 November and 13 December

Context

19 Dec 2017 description
report Human Rights Watch
file preview
Press Release

Burma: Methodical Massacre at Rohingya Village
Hundreds Killed, Raped in Tula Toli

The Burmese army carried out systematic killings and rape of several hundred Rohingya Muslims in Tula Toli village in Rakhine State on August 30, 2017.

18 Dec 2017 description

Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) embarked on a nance development journey in 2004, using a set of baselines focused on “measuring the impact of organizational development and change processes on the lives of vulnerable people”. The activities defined under the development plan were put on hold during the Cyclone Nargis operation between 2008 and 2011, where capacity enhancement was focused on needs of the emergency operation.

17 Dec 2017 description

The suffering of civilians and forced displacement of ethnic minorities by Myanmar’s military goes beyond the ethnic cleansing of Rohingya Muslims in the west of the country. In northern Myanmar, nearly 100,000 people continue to live in displacement camps in Kachin and northern Shan States. Most were first displaced by fighting between the Myanmar military and the Kachin Independence Army in 2011, and many have been displaced multiple times, including in recent months.