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18 Sep 2017 description

Overview

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 48 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

• Plague in Madagascar

• Undiagnosed acute jaundice syndrome in Ethiopia

• Humanitarian crisis in Nigeria

• Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia

• Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan

• Hepatitis E in Chad

• Malaria in Burundi

15 Sep 2017 description

Africa Weather Hazard

Since early August, above-average seasonal rainfall caused flooding in some areas. With well above-average moisture conditions, additional rain in September may trigger flooding in parts of Senegal,
The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, and Sierra Leone.

  1. Recent heavy rains have caused the Benue River in Nigeria to overflow its banks. Reports indicate that 100,000 people may have been displaced by flooding. Continued rainfall will keep rivers high.

11 Sep 2017 description

Overview

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 45 events in the region. This week’s edition also covers key ongoing events, including:

• Cholera in Borno State, Nigeria

• Necrotising cellulitis/fasciitis in São Tomé and Príncipe

• Humanitarian crisis in the Central Africa Republic

• Cholera in the United Republic of Tanzania

• Cholera in Chad

• Dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire.

08 Sep 2017 description

Despite recent decreases in rainfall, torrential rains have caused flooding across sub-Saharan Africa

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Since early August, above-average seasonal rainfall caused flooding in some areas. With well above-average moisture conditions, additional rain in September may trigger flooding in parts of Senegal,
    The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, and Sierra Leone.

04 Sep 2017 description

Overview

This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 45 events in the region. This week, two new events have been reported: dengue fever in Mali and Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in Uganda. This week’s edition also covers key ongoing events, including:

• Malaria in Cabo Verde

• Humanitarian crisis (refugee) in Uganda

•Humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

01 Sep 2017 description

Heavy rains cause flooding and damages in western Sahel, Uganda, and Sudan

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Locally heavy rainfall caused flooding in several states in Sudan last week.
    Although rainfall is expected to decrease throughout the region in early September, saturated ground conditions and elevated river levels sustain the risk for additional flooding.

17 Aug 2017 description

Heavy rainfall in the western Gulf of Guinea triggers flooding and damages to infrastructure

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Above-normal rainfall since July has elevated the risk for flooding in southeastern Sudan and parts of western Ethiopia. Heavy rainfall is forecast for mid to late August.

  2. Despite increased moisture in early August, poorly distributed rainfall across parts of Eritrea, Ethiopia,
    Djibouti, and western Somalia since early July have led to high seasonal moisture deficits.

04 Aug 2016 description

The El Niño 2015-16 in the Context of Past El Niños

The 2015/16 El Niño Event

An El Niño event was officially declared in March 2015, gaining in intensity until it reached its peak in December 2015. The event came to an end in May 2016, becoming one the strongest on record, together with the El Niños of 1982-83 and 1997-98.

15 Mar 2016 description

Snapshot 9 – 15 March

Yemen: Insecurity in Aden is increasing, with attacks carried out on civilian targets. At least 150 people have been reported killed in the past three months, including at least 50 in March. Humanitarian actors have increasing difficulty to carry out operations. In Taizz, the west of the city has been taken by pro-Hadi forces after heavy fighting: fighting for the east continues.

08 Mar 2016 description

Snapshot 2–8 March 2016

Malawi and Mozambique: Flooding and drought have led to the most severe food crisis Malawi has faced in a decade: 2.8 million people face acute food insecurity, including 900,000 facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes. In Mozambique, an estimated 600,000 people are in Crisis due to drought. In addition, 9,300 Mozambicans in Malawi who fled armed conflict need WASH, health and shelter assistance.

01 Mar 2016 description

Snapshot 24 February – 1 March 2016

Swaziland: At least 300,000 people – one-third of the population – are in dire need of assistance, specifically of food and water. Poor and erratic rainfall as a result of El Niño dates back to 2014, and Swaziland has been experiencing significant reductions in crop production.

23 Feb 2016 description

Snapshot 17–23 February 2016

DRC: More than 35,000 people have lost shelter in Zongo, Sud-Ubangi, due to forest fires that have been affecting the territory since mid-December. The fires have destroyed over 2,600 hectares of crops. Assistance delivery is hampered by bad road conditions between Gemena and Zongo.

16 Feb 2016 description

Pakistan: Over 190 children have died and 22,000 have been hospitalised in Tharparkar district in 2016 because of drought-related waterborne and viral diseases. Tharparkar is facing severe drought for the fourth consecutive year, and access to health services is reported to be very difficult, with families travelling an average distance of 17km to reach the nearest health facility.

09 Feb 2016 description

Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.

02 Feb 2016 description

Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016

Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.

26 Jan 2016 description

Burundi: As the security situation continues to deteriorate, the UN Security Council has expressed concern over possible mass atrocities and ethnic violence. Clashes continues in several areas of the country. Burundian refugees in DRC expressed fears over possible cross-border attacks by government forces.

19 Jan 2016 description

Nigeria: An outbreak of Lassa viral haemorrhagic fever was announced in Nigeria on 8 January. At least 140 suspected cases and 30 confirmed cases, including 53 deaths, have been reported in 14 states. The indicated case fatality rate stands at 37.9%.

Gambia: Almost 182,000 people (9% of the population) are severely food insecure after erratic rains caused drought and crop failure. Most affected regions are Upper River, West Coast, and Northern Bank.

12 Jan 2016 description

DRC: Violence between Hutu and Nande, in Miriki, Lubero, Nord-Kivu, allegedly over land, has left 17 dead and over 20,000 displaced. The displaced urgently need food and drinking water.

Iraq: In Ramadi and Hawija, Islamic State has stalled civilians’ attempts to escape conflict zones and persecution. People from Hawija must trek for two days across mountainous terrain to reach safety: 60 people were reported to have died on the journey between November 2015 and January 2016.