Appeals & Response Plans
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This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 51 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
DES HUMANITAIRES ATTAQUÉS PAR DES HOMMES ARMÉS
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
GUNMEN ATTACK AID WORKERS
Unknown gunmen on 12 February ambushed three aid workers travelling in a vehicle in the northern Batangafo town, but released them hours later unharmed. Their vehicle was also recovered. Attacks against aid workers are frequent in the country where insecurity has significantly worsened over the past two years. Violence has forced hundreds of thousands more civilians to flee their homes and subjected them to extreme deprivation and hardship.
• Nutrition activities in Niger are suffering from critical funding gaps that risk to have effects not only on the implementation of activities but also on the already worrying levels of global acute malnutrition (GAM above the 10 percent serious threshold).
• Additional support for the Diffa emergency response is needed, due to instable security conditions that may lead to additional displacements and insufficient funding for emergency operations (impact on operations as early as March).
Mali continues to face a volatile security situation amid growing threats of terrorism, criminality and intercommunity tensions in the northern and central regions.
Local populations face important protection risks amid limited access to public services, documentation, shelter, water, education and food security.
Despite significant challenges, the implementation of the Peace and Reconciliation Accord advances slowly in order to re-establish peace and security in the region.
International prices of wheat and maize were generally firmer in January, supported by weather-related concerns and a weaker US dollar. Export price quotations of rice also strengthened mainly buoyed by renewed Asian demand.
In East Africa, in the Sudan, prices of the main staples: sorghum, millet and wheat, rose sharply for the third consecutive month in January and reached record highs, underpinned by the removal of wheat subsidies and the strong depreciation of the Sudanese Pound.
Although European and African efforts to reduce irregular migration have successfully lowered overall numbers entering Europe, some migrants are transiting increasingly hazardous smuggling routes across the Sahara Desert and Mediterranean Sea, risking human rights abuses and indefinite detention. The UN’s voluntary humanitarian return program assisted over 19,000 migrants to return to their home countries from Libya in 2017, up from around 3,000 assisted migrant returns from Libya in 2016. An estimated 400,000–700,000 migrants live in detention in Libya.
Le Bureau de la MINUSMA à Gao a organisé, le 6 février dernier, une mission à Hamakouladji, à 45 kilomètres de la commune urbaine de Gao, pour annoncer l’acquisition d’un projet de réduction des violences communautaires (CVR).
A large majority of migrants are men (92%).
7% of observed migrants at Flow Monitoring Points are minors.
Algeria, Mauritania, Burkina Faso and Niger are major transit points after Mali.
The majority of surveyed migrants indicated their intention to travel to Algeria and Libya, while 40% intended to travel to Europe, in particular Italy and Spain.
IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain better understanding of population movements throughout West and Central Africa. Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) allow IOM to quantify and qualify migration flows, trends, and routes, at entry, transit or exit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centres).
Like other health care facilities in Mali, Gao regional hospital effectively collapsed when various armed groups took control of the north in 2012. With the ICRC's intervention and support, the hospital quickly managed to re-open its doors and provide life-saving services. Now, with the crisis in Mali worsening and humanitarian needs increasing, the hospital is once again being put to the test.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2018
289.1 M required for 2018
19.4 M contributions received, representing 7% of requirements
269.6 M funding gap for West Africa
All figures are displayed in USD
70.1 M required for 2018
3.2 M contributions received, representing 5% of requirements
66.9 M funding gap for the Mali Situation
All figures are displayed in USD
The Zero Hunger Challenge emphasizes the importance of strengthening economic empowerment in support of the Sustainable Development Goal 2 to double small-scale producer incomes and productivity. The increasing focus on resilient markets can bring important contributions to sustainable food systems and build resilience. Participation in market systems is not only a means for people to secure their livelihood, but it also enables them to exercise agency, maintain dignity, build social capital and increase self-worth.
Le programme « Zéro Faim » met l’accent sur l’importance de renforcer l’autonomisation économique et soutient l’Objectif de Développement Durable 2 qui vise à doubler les revenus et la productivité des petits producteurs. L’intérêt croissant porté sur les marchés résilients peut apporter des contributions importantes aux systèmes alimentaires durables et édifier la résilience.