the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Jan 2017
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods - Aug 2016
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods and Mudslides - Aug 2015
- South-Eastern Europe: Floods - Feb 2015
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Dec 2014
- FYR Macedonia: Floods - Feb 2013
- Europe/Northern Africa: Cold Wave - Jan 2012
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Forest Fires - Jul 2007
- Central/Eastern Europe: Heat Wave - Jul 2007
Between January and September 2017, close to 140,000 refugees and migrants arrived on European shores. Although two-thirds of them came through the Central Mediterranean Route, the Eastern Mediterranean Route has recorded a recent spike in sea crossings to Greece (including 4,239 children in three months) coupled with new arrivals through the Western Mediterranean Route and the Black Sea.
17. 03. 2017
What are the gender norms in the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia) at regional and national levels (similarities and differences between countries)? What are the baseline indicators of gender equality? Are there gendered sources of stability/resilience?
Arrivals in the Mediterranean from 01 January until 30 June 2017 total 102,847 (Greece, Italy, Spain and Cyprus, including arrivals to the Canary Islands and by land to Spain). This compares to 231,075 for the same period in 2016. In the first half of the year, 9,286 persons arrived in Greece by sea (158,377 arrived during same period in 2016, a decrease by 94%).
Information, identification and referrals of Persons with Specific Needs (PSN):
More than 75,700 translation services provided, mainly for authorities
Some 35,000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants provided with information
Over 7,600 protection interviews conducted
Over 4,200 persons entered in the UNHCR Global proGres database
Over 1,500 PSN identified and referred to appropriate services, including 25 cases of gender based violence
• During the first half of 2017, close to 93,000 refugees and migrants arrived on European shores mainly through the Central Mediterranean Route - around half of them arrived in just May and June 2017. While barely one in six of sea arrivals this year are children, the number of unaccompanied or separated children (UASC) coming to Italy is on the rise with 11,406 newly registered UASC between January and June 2017.
In December 2015, Altai Consulting was commissioned by Save the Children’s Middle East and Eurasia Regional Office to conduct a research study on the protection of children fleeing from the Syria conflict and traveling to Europe. Fieldwork was conducted over January and February 2016 and culminated in a total of 198 interviews across 19 locations in eight countries: Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Serbia, and Croatia.
In Serbia and FYR Macedonia, SOS Children’s Villages technology centres offer various learning opportunities
Between January and April 2017, 45,011 people entered Europe by sea- 90 per cent of them arrived in Italy. While the proportion of children among sea arrivals in the first four months of 2017 has decreased by ten per cent compared to the same period last year, the number of children on the Central Mediterranean Route, who arrive unaccompanied or separated, is on the rise with 5,500 newly registered UASC- one thousand more than the same period of time last year.
Between January and March 2017, one in four of the 29,758 refugees and migrants entered Europe by sea were children. During the same period of time, close to 25,000 children have claimed asylum in Europe, while around 24,600 remain stranded in Greece and the Balkans.
The number of children on the Central Mediterranean Route is on the rise with more than 2,450 child arrivals in the first two months of 2017 (compared to 1,388 during the same period in 2016). Meanwhile, European countries registered 7,678 new first-time asylum claims by children (5,000 of them in Germany), while 25,080 children remain stranded in Greece and other Balkan countries.
The trend of increased numbers of refugees and migrants on the Central Mediterranean route continues in 2017 - more than 80 per cent of all sea arrivals during the first 6 weeks of the year were registered in Italy.
Major risks confronted by refugee and migrant children and women along this route remain to be detention, extortion, gender-based violence, abuse, exploitation and drowning at sea.
The past year was a turning point in the Refugee and Migrant Crisis in Europe, marked by changing migration trends, more dangerous journeys and shift in the profiles of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe, including women and children. Moreover, in 2016 the number of unaccompanied and separated children crossing the Central Mediterranean doubled compared to the previous year.
Some 350,000 refugees and migrants5 arrived in Europe in 2016 despite border closures and the European Union-Turkey agreement in March. Such trends are expected to continue in 2017.6 Close to half of all arrivals by sea to Greece and Italy continue to be women and children, predominately from the Syrian Arab Republic and Afghanistan. On the Balkan route, women and children make up close to 60 per cent of all arrivals. In Italy, there was a sharp rise in the proportion of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) among all children that arrived in 2016.
Registered intentions to seek asylum in Serbia
of registered refugees and migrants were minors
Applications for asylum
Persons granted refugee status
Persons granted subsidiary protection
With the increased movement of refugees and migrants on the Central Mediterranean route over the past months, the number of sea arrivals in Italy in 2016 has now exceeded arrivals in Greece. Nearly one third are children, and over 90 per cent of all arrivals in Italy are unaccompanied and separated children.
Despite the deteriorating weather conditions and increasingly dangerous Mediterranean, October 2016 saw a spike in the number of refugees and migrants arriving on Italian shores. The 27,300 new arrivals, of whom an estimated 4,300 children, represent a three-fold increase compared to the same period last year.
This briefing paper is the result of a joint effort by 12 national and international organizations operating in Greece. The aim is to explain the current situation for those stranded in Greece for over six months since the closure of the northern border and introduction of the European Union (EU) – Turkey deal.
In 2016, more than 241,930 refugee and migrant children sought asylum in Europe. This is three times the number of children, who arrived by sea in Greece and Italy.
Between January 2015 and August 2016, 596,275 refugee and migrant children sought asylum in Europe. More than 341,600 of them arrived by sea.