the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Jan 2017
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods - Aug 2016
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods and Mudslides - Aug 2015
- South-Eastern Europe: Floods - Feb 2015
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Dec 2014
- FYR Macedonia: Floods - Feb 2013
- Europe/Northern Africa: Cold Wave - Jan 2012
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Forest Fires - Jul 2007
- Central/Eastern Europe: Heat Wave - Jul 2007
A. Aim of this guidance
The note outlines benefits, risks, options, and resources for supporting appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) in children under 2 years of age in refugee and migrant transit situations in Europe.
Summary of research1
The public health importance of infant feeding in emergencies has been highlighted in countries such as Iraq and Bosnia where feeding infants with breastmilk substitute is common practice. Although there are few epidemiological studies on the impact of emergencies on infant feeding, many anecdotal reports of adverse health outcomes exist. The displacement of such populations has created new dilemmas for aid workers on how best to assess and support feeding practice.
During the 1999 Kosovo Crisis an opportunity arose to research humanitarian …
Summary of published paper1
A recent article published in Disasters shows how the widespread failure of humanitarian agencies operating in the Balkan crisis to act in accordance with international policies and recommendations provides an example of the failure to translate infant feeding policies into practice. The article explores the underlying reasons behind this which included:
A recent letter in the Lancet has called into question the appropriateness of aid organisations using developing country models for humanitarian response during complex emergencies in more developed countries. The authors assert that priorities and standards have arisen out of the hard learnt experiences of aid organisations responding to complex emergencies in developing countries, primarily Africa and Asia. Then came the crisis in the Balkans during the 1990s.
As a result of concerns expressed about the usage of infant formula and a need for more information regarding weaning practices during and after the conflict in Kosovo, Action Against Hunger-UK began to examine infant feeding practices in the area and found that some aspects of infant feeding were extremely poor. Furthermore, the emergency had led to a situation where some of these poor practices were likely to be exacerbated.