the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Jan 2017
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods - Aug 2016
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods and Mudslides - Aug 2015
- South-Eastern Europe: Floods - Feb 2015
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Dec 2014
- FYR Macedonia: Floods - Feb 2013
- Europe/Northern Africa: Cold Wave - Jan 2012
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Forest Fires - Jul 2007
- Central/Eastern Europe: Heat Wave - Jul 2007
A Report on the 2011 Peacebuilding Evaluation Evidence Summit
Special Report by Richard Gowan
More than six thousand personnel are deployed in political missions worldwide. The United Nations and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe oversee the majority of these missions. Although many political missions deal with active conflicts or postconflict situations, some have contributed to conflict prevention in countries ranging from Estonia to Guinea.
Violeta Petroska-Beska and Mirjana Najcevska
Ethnic Macedonians and ethnic Albanians in the Republic of Macedonia have distinctly different but equally ethnocentric views of the causes and course of the armed conflict in 2001.
Macedonia's September 15 parliamentary elections were the first since the country narrowly avoided an all-out civil war with the brokering of the Ohrid Framework Agreement by the United States and the European Union (EU) in August 2001. Macedonia's future as a unitary state largely depends upon the successful implementation of the Framework Agreement. The underlying problems that sparked the seven-month conflict between ethnic Albanian insurgents and Macedonian security forces remain unresolved and could again erupt.
Kosovo's final status, left undecided at the end of the Yugoslavia-NATO war in June 1999, will need to be discussed sooner than the international community anticipates; a roadmap will need to be drawn and the issue decided within the next three to five years.
- The Balkans are in better shape than
at any other time in the last 10 years, and the region is no longer at
the top of America's international agenda.
- But the job there is not yet done.
- Nothing less than viable states will
satisfy U.S. objectives of drawing down NATO and ensuring that the region
does not become a haven for terrorists.
In accordance with a framework peace agreement reached at Ohrid, Macedonia on August 13th with EU and U.S. assistance, the Macedonian parliament has adopted constitutional amendments designed to end the government's conflict with ethnic Albanian guerillas. Implementation is not, however, a sure thing. There are lingering threats to sustainable peace that could not only destabilize Macedonia but also the entire Balkans region.
On Thursday, November 15, 2001--just before the passage of the constitutional amendments--the U.S.