the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Jan 2017
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods - Aug 2016
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods and Mudslides - Aug 2015
- South-Eastern Europe: Floods - Feb 2015
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Dec 2014
- FYR Macedonia: Floods - Feb 2013
- Europe/Northern Africa: Cold Wave - Jan 2012
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Forest Fires - Jul 2007
- Central/Eastern Europe: Heat Wave - Jul 2007
Between January and September 2017, close to 140,000 refugees and migrants arrived on European shores. Although two-thirds of them came through the Central Mediterranean Route, the Eastern Mediterranean Route has recorded a recent spike in sea crossings to Greece (including 4,239 children in three months) coupled with new arrivals through the Western Mediterranean Route and the Black Sea.
• During the first half of 2017, close to 93,000 refugees and migrants arrived on European shores mainly through the Central Mediterranean Route - around half of them arrived in just May and June 2017. While barely one in six of sea arrivals this year are children, the number of unaccompanied or separated children (UASC) coming to Italy is on the rise with 11,406 newly registered UASC between January and June 2017.
Human Rights Council
6-23 June 2017
Agenda item 3
Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development
Note by the Secretariat
The Secretariat has the honour to transmit to the Human Rights Council the report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, François Crépeau, on his follow-up visit to Greece from 12 to 16 May 2016.
Between January and April 2017, 45,011 people entered Europe by sea- 90 per cent of them arrived in Italy. While the proportion of children among sea arrivals in the first four months of 2017 has decreased by ten per cent compared to the same period last year, the number of children on the Central Mediterranean Route, who arrive unaccompanied or separated, is on the rise with 5,500 newly registered UASC- one thousand more than the same period of time last year.
NEW YORK / GENEVA, 4 May 2017 – Nearly 75,000 refugees and migrants, including an estimated 24,600 children, currently stranded in Greece, Bulgaria, Hungary and the Western Balkans are at risk of psychosocial distress caused by living in a protracted state of limbo, UNICEF warned today. Despite having a legitimate right to join families in destination countries in Western Europe, like Germany or Sweden, most stranded asylum seekers do not know whether or when they will be permitted to move forward.
Between January and March 2017, one in four of the 29,758 refugees and migrants entered Europe by sea were children. During the same period of time, close to 25,000 children have claimed asylum in Europe, while around 24,600 remain stranded in Greece and the Balkans.
Migrants find shelter in old rusting carriages on the outskirts of Greece's northern city of Thessaloniki.
THESSALONIKI, Greece, April 19 (Reuters) - It was Mohamed Khaleuf's third attempt to cross the Greek-Macedonian border hiding in a freight train and he had no plans to give up trying.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
6,860 Refugees and migrants arrived by sea to Europe in January 2017.
257 Refugees and migrants estimated to have died / gone missing at sea in 2017 compared to 361 in 2016.
1,393 Estimated sea arrivals in Greece in 2017 compared to 67,415 in 2016.
4,467 Estimated sea arrivals in Italy in 2017 compared to 5,273 in 2016.
The number of children on the Central Mediterranean Route is on the rise with more than 2,450 child arrivals in the first two months of 2017 (compared to 1,388 during the same period in 2016). Meanwhile, European countries registered 7,678 new first-time asylum claims by children (5,000 of them in Germany), while 25,080 children remain stranded in Greece and other Balkan countries.
The trend of increased numbers of refugees and migrants on the Central Mediterranean route continues in 2017 - more than 80 per cent of all sea arrivals during the first 6 weeks of the year were registered in Italy.
Major risks confronted by refugee and migrant children and women along this route remain to be detention, extortion, gender-based violence, abuse, exploitation and drowning at sea.
A period of exceptionally cold and snowy winter weather occurred in the first half of January 2017 in Eastern, Central and Southern Europe, including Turkey and Greece.
Homeless people, asylum seekers, refugees in camps and Internally Displaced People (IDPs) have been among the most vulnerable.
In Greece and the Balkans, teams are assisting both the local population (homeless, vulnerable people, stranded motorists) and asylum seekers and refugees who have already endured months in harsh conditions.
The past year was a turning point in the Refugee and Migrant Crisis in Europe, marked by changing migration trends, more dangerous journeys and shift in the profiles of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe, including women and children. Moreover, in 2016 the number of unaccompanied and separated children crossing the Central Mediterranean doubled compared to the previous year.
Severe winter weather and extreme temperatures as low as – 30 degrees Celsius in some areas affected much of Central, Southern and Eastern Europe, including Turkey and Greece in the first two weeks of January 2017.
Some 350,000 refugees and migrants5 arrived in Europe in 2016 despite border closures and the European Union-Turkey agreement in March. Such trends are expected to continue in 2017.6 Close to half of all arrivals by sea to Greece and Italy continue to be women and children, predominately from the Syrian Arab Republic and Afghanistan. On the Balkan route, women and children make up close to 60 per cent of all arrivals. In Italy, there was a sharp rise in the proportion of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) among all children that arrived in 2016.
With the increased movement of refugees and migrants on the Central Mediterranean route over the past months, the number of sea arrivals in Italy in 2016 has now exceeded arrivals in Greece. Nearly one third are children, and over 90 per cent of all arrivals in Italy are unaccompanied and separated children.
"People are arriving here exhausted, hungry and thirsty and often in need of urgent medical attention.” Riccardo Sansone" Oxfam’s Humanitarian Coordinator in Serbia*
A global displacement crisis
More than 65 million people around the world are now officially displaced from their homes – the highest figure recorded by the United Nations since the Second World War.
Refugees and migrants arriving by sea to Europe in 2016 (as of 30 September).
Refugees and migrants estimated to have died / gone missing at sea in 2016 (as of 30 September). Compared to 3,771 in 2015.
Estimated sea arrivals in Greece in 2016 (as of 30 September) compared to 385,069 during the same period in 2015
This briefing paper is the result of a joint effort by 12 national and international organizations operating in Greece. The aim is to explain the current situation for those stranded in Greece for over six months since the closure of the northern border and introduction of the European Union (EU) – Turkey deal.