the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Jan 2017
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods - Aug 2016
- FYR Macedonia: Flash Floods and Mudslides - Aug 2015
- South-Eastern Europe: Floods - Feb 2015
- FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Dec 2014
- FYR Macedonia: Floods - Feb 2013
- Europe/Northern Africa: Cold Wave - Jan 2012
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Forest Fires - Jul 2007
- Central/Eastern Europe: Heat Wave - Jul 2007
Children on the move face a range of risks, lack protection and fall through the cracks during their desperate journeys through countries of origin, transit, arrival and return. Some 164,000 refugees and migrants, including 29,000 children, entered Europe in 2017, joining the 1.4 million people, including 360,000 children, who arrived in 2015-2016, and the 3.6 million people, including 1.2 million children, already hosted in Turkey.3 The Central Mediterranean was the most used route in 2017, with spikes of arrivals in the Eastern Mediterranean in the fall.
1.1 Strategic Overview
The 2018 Europe Regional Migration Plan is being published on the heels of the November 2017 Red Cross Red Crescent Statutory meetings in Antalya, which reaffirmed that migration will remain one of the most important issues of our time, and set a benchmark for the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement’s long-standing work and humanitarian approach to migration.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is appealing for US$421.2 million to help provide meaningful alternatives to refugees and others undertaking dangerous journeys to Europe.
The number of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe from Africa through Libya is increasing and, with it, the risks they face crossing the Sahara Desert and the Mediterranean Sea. In the first six months of this year, 2,171 refugees and migrants died or went missing in the Central Mediterranean, many others are believed to have died trying to cross into Libya.
Some 350,000 refugees and migrants5 arrived in Europe in 2016 despite border closures and the European Union-Turkey agreement in March. Such trends are expected to continue in 2017.6 Close to half of all arrivals by sea to Greece and Italy continue to be women and children, predominately from the Syrian Arab Republic and Afghanistan. On the Balkan route, women and children make up close to 60 per cent of all arrivals. In Italy, there was a sharp rise in the proportion of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) among all children that arrived in 2016.
Background and context
Given the developments after the EU-Turkey agreement and with the closure of the Western Balkans migratory route, this Revised Emergency Appeal reflects the current situation in Serbia. The Red Cross of Serbia (RCS), in addition to assisting those people that are stranded in the country, is still assisting people in the move, although now in much smaller numbers - around 200 to 300 persons per day. The budget of this Revised Emergency Appeal has been decreased to 2,775,648 Swiss francs to provide essential services to 196,000 people with an extended timeframe until 31 December 2016.
Total affected population: 371,0002
Total affected children (under 18): 141,0003
Total people to be reached in 2016:* 219,000
Total children to be reached in 2016: 141,0004
2016 programme targets
25,000 children vaccinated with priority vaccines through campaigns led by the government of Greece
Regional Strategic Overview
Background and Context
The regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP), involving 60 partners, was launched in January 2016 following the large-scale population movements registered throughout Europe in 2015, when one million refugees and migrants undertook the perilous journey across the Mediterranean Sea. The vast majority crossed the Aegean Sea by boat from Turkey to Greece. Many lost their lives: in total, 3,771 people died or were reported missing in the Mediterranean Sea in 2015.
This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of some 6,095,910 Swiss francs - a small increase from the original budget of 5,927,821 Swiss francs - to enable the IFRC to support the Red Cross of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to deliver assistance and support to some 221,136 people.
This second revision of the Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 4,608,611 Swiss francs (increased from 3,233,828 Swiss francs) to support the Red Cross of Serbia (RCS) to respond to the needs of some 380,580 people (increased from 293,580) for an additional five months, therefore extending the operation until 9 September 2016.
This Emergency Appeal is being revised and now seeks 5,927,821 Swiss francs in cash to be channelled multilaterally through this appeal to support the Red Cross Society of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to respond to the needs of 250,000 people over the coming twelve months. This revised appeal extends the operational timeframe until the end of September to provide longer-term support to vulnerable migrants and increases the budget to cover the extension of that support.
Total affected population: 1.3 million
Total affected children: 550,0006
Total people to be reached in 2016: 447,000
Total children to be reached in 2016: 298,000
2016 Programme Targets
Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:
REGIONAL STRATEGIC OVERVIEW
Background and Context
One million refugees and migrants have made the perilous journey across the Mediterranean into Europe in 2015. The majority – or 850,000 – have crossed from Turkey to Greece through the Aegean and Dodecanese seas. This movement constitutes one of the largest movements of displaced people through European borders since World War Two.
With continuing high rates of refugee and migrant arrivals in Europe via the Mediterranean, UNHCR has today appealed to donors for US$96.15 million in additional support for the winter months for Greece and affected countries in the Balkans.
IOM Launches Updated Response Plan for Mediterranean and Beyond
Switzerland - IOM has released an update to its June 2015 response plan “Addressing Complex Migration Flows in the Mediterranean.” It includes a series of proposed interventions to be implemented through December 2016, some of which are already underway, others are still at the planning stage.
Refugee emergency in Europe: UNHCR appeals for USD 128 million
UNICEF is appealing for US$14 million to respond to the refugee and migrant crisis in Europe, with US$6.5 urgently needed for the immediate response in the next 6 months.
This Emergency Appeal seeks 3,258,043 Swiss francs in cash to be channelled multilaterally through the IFRC Secretariat which will support on a preliminary basis Red Cross Society of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR of Macedonia) to respond to the needs of 110,000 people over the coming seven months.