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A Summary of Findings from the Disaster Risk Finance Impact Analytics Project
The risk of a disaster can cause economic losses even before a disaster strikes. Investing in disaster resilience, therefore, can yield a ‘triple dividend’ by (1) avoiding losses when disasters strike; (2) unlocking development potential by stimulating innovation and bolstering economic activity in a context of reduced disaster-related background risk for investment; and (3) through the synergies of the social, environment and economic co-benefits of disaster risk management investments even if a disaster does not happen for many years.
When the 2010 earthquake struck Haiti, the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility’s (CCRIF) was the first institution able to mobilize emergency funds within the first two weeks of the disaster to respond to the immediate needs of the Government.
FONDEN, Mexico’s Fund for Natural Disasters, was established in the late 1990s as a mechanism to support the rapid rehabilitation of federal and state infrastructure affected by adverse natural events. FONDEN was first created as a budget line in the Federal Expenditure Budget of 1996, and became operational in 1999.
Las inundaciones son el desastre natural más frecuente, causando devastación generalizada, daños económicos y pérdida de vidas humanas.
La región de Asia oriental y el Pacífico es particularmente vulnerable: En los últimos 30 años, la cantidad de anegaciones en Asia representó aproximadamente el 40% del total mundial.