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- Central America: Drought - 2014-2017
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The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite acquired this natural-color image of Hurricane Marie and the remnants of Hurricane Karina on August 26, 2014. At the time, the storm had maximum sustained winds of 85 knots (97 miles per hour), making it a category 2 hurricane.
The image shows vegetation growth during that 18 Feb - 05 Mar 2011 compared with the average growth for the same time between 2000 and 2010. The deep brown tones near the shore are crop areas that were growing significantly less than average.
By the late morning of October 11, 2008, Hurricane Norbert's eye hovered over Baja California. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite took this picture at 11:20 a.m. local time (18:20 UTC). A report issued 20 minutes earlier by the U.S. National Hurricane Center stated that the eye of the storm was about 120 kilometers (75 miles) west-northwest of La Paz, and that the storm was moving toward the northeast at roughly 24 kilometers (15 miles) per hour.
Coastlines can either evolve slowly, as a beach builds or erodes wave by wave, or they can change all at once in one mighty storm. Barrier islands are particularly prone to sudden change because the take the brunt of severe storms. Even the relatively mild Hurricane Dolly, which came ashore on July 23 as a Category 2 hurricane with winds of about 160 kilometers per hour (100 miles per hour), brought noticeable changes to the Texas coastline.
Both the eastern Pacific and Atlantic hurricane seasons of 2008 were inaugurated within a few days of each other in late May and the first days of June. That these two "season openers" occurred in the same week wasn't simply a coincidence: they were related. On May 29, thunderstorms over the Pacific Ocean about 250 miles southwest of Nicaragua became Tropical Storm Alma: the first named storm of the 2008 eastern Pacific season. Alma moved north and made landfall on the coast of Nicaragua.