- Tropical Storm Nate - Oct 2017
- Mexico: Earthquakes - Sep 2017
- Tropical Cyclone Franklin - Aug 2017
- Hurricane Earl - Aug 2016
- Central America: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2016
- Latin America: Storm Surge - May 2015
- Mexico/Guatemala: Earthquake - Jul 2014
- Central America: Drought - 2014-2017
- Mexico: Tropical Storms Ingrid and Manuel - Sep 2013
- Central America: Dengue Outbreak - 2013-2014
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The Latin America and Caribbean region is increasingly impacted by natural disasters as well as population movements. In 2017, more than 15.6 million people - including 8 million children were affected by natural disasters. Hurricanes resulted in aggravating the humanitarian situation of more than 1.4 million people in Cuba, Haiti and the Eastern Caribbean islands. Mexico was severely hit by two major earthquakes in September 2017, while floods and landslides further exacerbated the needs of vulnerable children and their families in Colombia and Peru.
Traditionally, the migration dynamic in the Americas has been marked by intra- and extra-regional patterns. In recent years, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has seen changes in its migration processes with an intensification of flows towards traditional destinations as well as new destinations in the region and the world. This report presents information available as of September 2018.
EVOLUTION OF THE VENEZUELAN POPULATION ABROAD
Venezuela: Crisis de refugiados exige respuesta regional uniforme
Los gobiernos deberían colaborar para proteger los derechos de los venezolanos que huyen
Venezuela: Refugee Crisis Requires Concerted Regional Response
Governments Should Collaborate to Protect Rights of Fleeing Venezuelans
Tradicionalmente, la dinámica migratoria en las Américas se encuentra marcada por patrones intra y extra-regionales.
En años recientes, en la República Bolivariana de Venezuela se evidencian cambios en sus procesos migratorios. Así, en el último tiempo, se intensifican los flujos hacia los tradicionales destinos así como también nuevos destinos en la región y el mundo.
Traditionally, migration dynamics in the Americas have been marked by intra- and extra-regional patterns. In recent years, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has seen changes in its migratory processes. Thus, both flows towards traditional destinations as well as flows towards new destinations in the region and the world have intensified. This report includes information on migratory trends in the region and in different countries, among others in Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Colombia, Guyana, Ecuador, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States of America.
More than 340.000 Venezuelans have entered Ecuador since the beginning of 2018 (compared to 287,000 arrivals registered for the whole 2017).
In Brazil, 527 Venezuelan nationals had been relocated from border regions to Brazilian cities in the country (Cuiabá, Manaus and São Paulo).
The number of Venezuelans seeking asylum has risen yearly. Between 2014 and 2018, some 185,783 asylum claims have been lodged.
This overview document presents incidents affecting aid delivery in 16 countries in the Americas in 2017. The report is based on incidents identified in open sources and reported by Aid in Danger partner agencies using the Security in Numbers Database (SiND). In 2017, 156 security incidents affecting NGO staff members, programmes and assets were reported. The total number of reported incidents below reflects the willingness of agencies to share information. It is neither a complete count nor representative.
The number of Venezuelans seeking asylum has risen yearly since 2014. Between 2014 and 2018, some 170,169 asylum claims have been lodged, over 94,000 in 2017 alone and 4,225 recognized as refugees
The majority of Venezuelans who have left their country have no regular status, and are therefore more vulnerable to any form of exploitation, abuse, violence, trafficking and discrimination.
Thousands continue to legally enter daily in neighbouring countries. It is expected that people will continue to leave in 2018. UNHCR is stepping up its response accordingly.
The economic crisis in Venezuela has led to a deterioration of the humanitarian conditions and increased humanitarian needs. Import restrictions and hyperinflation reduce availability and access to basic goods and services. The economic crisis is exacerbated by a political crisis revolving around the erosion of democratic institutions. While the number of people in need in Venezuela and the severity of need is unclear due to lack of data, surveys conducted by local organisations point to an increasingly dire situation.
Buenos Aires – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, today (10/04) launches a Regional Action Plan, detailing its support to Governments hosting Venezuelan nationals in the Americas and the Caribbean. The Action Plan aims at strengthening the regional response to large-scale flows of Venezuelans, supporting the efforts that governments have initiated across the region.
Many Latin American countries, states and cities are facing a chronic public security crisis. In spite of more than a decade of modest economic growth, crime and victimization rates are rising, not dropping. Nevertheless, recent information of 2017 show some signs of improvement. Criminal violence is routinely singled out as one of the top concerns of citizens from across Mexico, Central America and South America. And there are warning signs that the region ́s high rates of criminal violence and victimization will continue rising if nothing is done.
The Special Commission for Refugees (CEPR) reported that approx. 700 applications are received on a daily basis in Peru. 180,000 Venezuelans have crossed into Ecuador in the first three months of 2018, compared to 230,000 in all of 2017.
UNHCR, the Brazilian Government opened a new shelter in Boa Vista. 594 people who were living on the streets were relocated.
• Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region experience a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, floods, forest fires, hurricanes, landslides, tsunamis, and volcanoes. El Niño and La Niña phenomena occur periodically, exacerbating the impacts of hydrometeorological events in the LAC region. Unplanned urban expansion, environmental and natural resource degradation, and land-use management challenges also increase populations’ vulnerability and exposure to natural hazards.
Buenos Aires – La OIM, Organismo de las Naciones Unidas para la Migración, lanza hoy (10/04) un Plan de Acción Regional, en el cual detalla su apoyo a los gobiernos que están acogiendo a nacionales de Venezuela tanto en las Américas como en el Caribe. El Plan de Acción tiene por finalidad fortalecer la respuesta regional a flujos en gran escala de venezolanos, dando su apoyo a los esfuerzos que los gobiernos han puesto en marcha en toda la región.
Contributing to more effective risk management of crises and disaster in Latin America and the Caribbean
The 2018 version of the Index for Risk Management for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC-INFORM) has been launched at the beginning of this year. LAC-INFORM 2018 is an update of LAC-INFORM 2017, the first version of this regional index.
Countries in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are highly vulnerable to a range of natural hazards, including droughts, earthquakes, forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and volcanic eruptions. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/ OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/ FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of emergencies in the region.
Según lo revela el último informe del Consejo Noruego para Refugiados, en el 2014 más de 19 millones de personas tuvieron que abandonar sus hogares por inundaciones, tormentas y terremotos, que significa una cifra hasta cuatro veces superior a las migraciones por conflictos armados. El Panel Intergubernamental del Cambio Climá-tico (IPCC) asegura que para el año 2050 la cifra de desplazados ambientales puede alcanzar los 250 millones.
Importance of environmental migration for Latin America
Latin America, along with the Saharan countries of Africa, is among the regions that are most fragile and vulnerable to the impact of climate change. The most vulnerable countries have been identified as Haiti, Guyana, Bolivia, Honduras and Guatemala. Projected variations in rainfall patterns will bring about changes in the water cycle, such as sudden floods, droughts and the consequent risk of forest fires.