Earlier than normal lean season expected
US$6.6 m six months (June - November 2018) net funding requirements
276,250 people targeted in 2018
Marking the Year of Zayed, the UAE Embassy in Pretoria, South Africa, has provided 154 food baskets - provided by Sharjah Charity International - and water bottles - donated by Dar Al Ber Society - to Maseru, the capital and largest city of the Kingdom of Lesotho, in the presence of the Deputy Prime Minister, Monyane Moleleki.
Staple food prices begin to rise earlier than normal in Lesotho
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes likely during the lean season
Lesotho is currently experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food security following a poor 2018 harvest. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are likely by December with the start of the lean season. Poor households’ food stocks will be low or depleted and they will face above-average food prices and have reduced income from agricultural labor opportunities and remittances.
The number of people in need of assistance increased compared to last year and it is projected to be around 18% of the rural population and 9.2% of the urban population during the next lean season (Sept 2018 - Feb 2019).
The total cereal forecast foresees a drastic reduction (-65%) compared to last year's production, mainly due to late onset of rains and late planting, below-normal rainfall, unseasonal snowfall, extreme temperatures, flash floods and hailstorms experienced in the period September 2017 - March 2018.
AT A GLANCE
Risks Heightened water scarcity due to climate change
Area of Engagement Strengthening hydromet services and early warning systems; building resilience at community level
By taking a comprehensive approach to climate risk analysis, Lesotho is better informed to manage its water resources – a key part of its economy.
RESULTS IN RESILIENCE SERIES HIGH DEMAND FOR SCARCE RESOURCES
Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes expected during the post-harvest period
• Below-average cereal production, reduced income from casual labor, below-average remittances, and projected above-average maize meal prices will drive Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes from June to September among poor farming households. As food security conditions deteriorate, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are projected from October to January.
US$0.8 m cash based transfers made
US$6.6 m six months (May - October 2018) net funding requirements, representing 33% of total
3,237 people assisted in May 2018
Contribute to the protection of livestock livelihood assets and increase the resilience of livestock dependent livelihoods to disasters.
19 892 households.
Food access improves with ongoing harvests
As a result of the ongoing harvests the majority of the country is currently facing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food security outcomes. Preliminary findings indicate that crop production for the 2018 season will be below average and most poor households will finish their food stocks much earlier than normal. From June to September Stressed (IPC Phase 2) area outcomes are projected as food security is expected to deteriorate among poor households that experienced a below-normal harvest.
THE ZERO HUNGER CHALLENGE (ZHC) is an international call for action made by the United Nations (UN) towards a vision of a world without hunger. It is fully aligned to the 2030 Agenda and reflects the five elements from within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The zero hunger challenge is also aligned to the Africa Union Commission’s Agenda 2063 on ‘The Africa we Want’.
The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects an ambition to improve the integration of agricultural development and climate responsiveness. It aims to achieve food security and broader development goals under a changing climate and increasing food demand. CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs); and require planning to address trade-offs and synergies between these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and mitigation.
The Deputy Prime Minister of Lesotho, Monyane Moleleki, launched an innovative new tool to track progress and identify gaps in HIV and health programming in Lesotho on 8 May.
The Lesotho HIV and health situation room shows real-time service delivery data, producing a comprehensive picture and understanding of Lesotho’s HIV epidemic. It enables quick feedback on results at the national and community levels and identifies bottlenecks in access to health-care services.
2018 Crop production is expected to be lower than previous season
Following the Bureau of Statistics (BoS) crop assessment in March, heavy rains, flash flooding, and hailstorms are reported to have damaged crops and livestock and destroyed housing in Quthing, Mafeteng, Mohale’s Hoek and Thaba-theka districts. Although the official results from the 2018 BoS crop assessment have not yet been released, preliminary findings indicated that 2018 production will be below 2017 production levels.
This update is produced by the Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Lesotho in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It is issued by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). It covers the period from 1 March 2018 up to 31 March 2018
Heavy rains, hailstorms and flash floods affected Quthing, Mafeteng, Mohale’s Hoek and Thaba-Tseka districts
At least 1,418 people (314 households) impacted, including 12 people killed and many children injured
Consumption of green foods expected to improve household food security
Increased rainfall in February and March continues to improve crop and pasture conditions and water availability. Moisture deficits still exist but have decreased slightly since January. Cumulative rainfall is still below normal but has improved from 55-70 to 70-90 percent of normal. The improved rainfall is expected to help sustain good livestock body conditions from March-September.
Below-average 2017/18 crop yields expected due to poor seasonal rainfall
Dry weather conditions and high temperatures likely to reduce harvests in Southern Africa
FAO warns that food insecurity is set to rise again
26 February 2018, Rome - Poor rains and hot temperatures triggered water stress and adversely affected crop development in several areas of Southern Africa, FAO said today.
While cereal stocks in the region are ample, the spell of dry weather and erratic rains earlier in the season signals multiple risks to agricultural yields and may aggravate the impact of the Fall Armyworm pest.