Three years ago, Lesotho, Southern Africa’s small mountain kingdom surrounded by South Africa, was hit hard by the drought that led to the driest season in the region in 35 years. In the tiny dynastic nation, the El Niño driven-phenomenon resulted in a fall in maize production, the country's staple food.
But now thanks to the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, climate change impacts in African countries like Lesotho have met their match.
This overview document presents 331 safety, security and access incidents affecting aid delivery in 12 countries in Southern Africa between January 2017 and March 2018. The report is based on incidents identified in open sources and reported by Aid in Danger partner agencies using the Security in Numbers Database (SiND). The focus is on countries where possible changing or emerging risks can be identified. The total number of reported incidents below reflects the willingness of agencies to share information. It is neither a complete count nor representative.
The American people’s compassion and generosity have saved more than 16 million lives and brought us closer than ever to controlling the HIV/AIDS pandemic – community by community, country by country.
Delayed and erratic rainfall affecting labor demand in Lesotho
Eastern and Southern Africa is home to more than 60 per cent of children and adolescents living with HIV. This is the region where most progress in the HIV response has been made. Coverage of maternal antiretroviral treatment for pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV reached 93 per cent in this region in 2017. Sustaining these gains and continuing to reach children, adolescents and women at risk and living with HIV is critical. In 2017, an estimated 120,000 adolescents aged 10–19 years and 94,000 children aged 0–9 years were newly infected with HIV.
785mt of food assistance distributed
US$ 5.4 m six months (November 2018 - April 2019) net funding requirements, representing 29% of total
276,250 people targeted in 2018
In most countries across southern Africa, national average maize prices currently remain below 5 year average (5YA) levels. The exception to this is Zambia, where in September, the national average maize price was 5 percent above the 5YA.
Markets in Zambia appear to be experiencing stress earlier this year, and in mid-October, the Zambian Government imposed temporary restrictive measures on the exportation of maize grain/ meal products to help secure national strategic reserves.
9.6 million people were severely food-insecure in Southern Africa at the start of the lean season (October 2018- April 2019)
Three districts in Zimbabwe and two in Madagascar are facing Emergency food insecurity (IPC phase 4) due to extreme loss of livelihoods
There is at least an 80 per cent chance of an El Niño phenomenon between October and December 2018, which could exacerbate the deteriorating situation.
The Climate Prediction Centre is predicting El Niño climatic conditions during the main 2018-19 growing season with 70-75% probability while IRI has increased the probability to more than 85%. Furthermore, the forecasts suggest a likelihood of a weak to moderate El Niño event. Historically El Niño climatic conditions have resulted in reduced rainfall across the southern part of Southern Africa.
High risk countries and potential impacts on food security and agriculture
In view of the potential impact of the 2018/19 El Niño on food security and agriculture, high risk countries in Southern Africa, Horn of Africa, Asia and the Pacific and Latin America should be prioritized for further monitoring, analysis and early action.
Most parts of the region are experiencing a slow start to the rainfall season, with below average early rainfall received early in the season
Short term forecasts suggest that the slow onset of rains will continue until at least late November, potentially delaying planting of summer season crops in several areas
Seasonal forecasts suggest high chances for normal to below normal rains in many areas this year, with implications for crop production potential
Between August and October this year, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) held meetings on Libya, Lesotho, Guinea-Bissau, South Sudan, Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), Darfur and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Very few new initiatives, however, were launched. In some cases, such as Burundi, the PSC again called for action by the region – in this instance, the East African Community (EAC) – and in others, such as the CAR, it expressed support for the African Union (AU) initiative in the country.
8.1 million people food insecure in Eswatini,
Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe
4 million people to receive food, cash or vouchers to address immediate lean season needs
Additional USD 212 million required to meet the food needs in the six countries over the lean season (November 2018 - April 2019)
Le capital humain (c’est-à-dire la somme de la santé, des compétences, des connaissances et de l’expérience d’une population) représente la plus grande richesse des pays du monde entier. Il permet à chacun de se réaliser pleinement et elle est de plus en plus reconnue comme l’un des principaux vecteurs de la croissance économique d’un pays.
The Human Capital Project in Sub-Saharan Africa: Stories of Progress
Human capital—the sum of a population’s health, skills, knowledge, and experience—accounts for the largest share of countries’ wealth globally. It allows everyone to reach their full potential and is increasingly becoming recognized as a primary driver of a nation’s economic growth.