- Sri Lanka: Floods - Dec 2018
- Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - May 2018
- Sri Lanka: Dengue Outbreak - Jul 2017
- Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - May 2017
- Sri Lanka: Drought - 2016-2017
- Tropical Cyclone Roanu - May 2016
- Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - May 2016
- Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - Sep 2015
- Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2014
- Sri Lanka: Drought - Aug 2014
Most read reports
- Sri Lanka Red Cross Society continues to provide support to the people affected by recent floods
- Situation Report - Sri Lanka 16th January 2019 at 1800hrs
- Sri Lanka: Floods Emergency Plan of Action Operation Final Report (MDRLK008)
- Situation Report - Sri Lanka 17th January 2019 at 1800hrs
- Situation Report - Sri Lanka 15th January 2019 at 1800hrs
Last week in South and Southeast Asia, reported fatalities from political violence increased slightly, while instances of targeted civilian violence sharply declined as part of a visible trend since the last week of December 2018. Key developments included ongoing militant violence in Pakistan and Afghanistan, a significant eruption of labour demonstrations in India and Bangladesh, as well as demonstrations in Thailand over a likely delay in the upcoming February elections.
This is the first IOM Regional Data Report on Asia and the Pacific. This statistical product highlights the complex migration trends that characterize this region of the world. The report is predominantly based on IOM primary data collection activities and covers the whole 2017 and the first six months of 2018.
At the start of 2019, there was a slight decline in the overall levels of political violence and protest in South and Southeast Asia from late 2018. Still, the end of 2018 and beginning of 2019 was marked by large-scale political violence during the Bangladesh general elections, a significant increase in battles between the Myanmar military and Arakan Army in Myanmar, and a spate of bombings in southern Thailand tied to the separatist conflict.
On 22 December 2018, at 21:27 local time, a tsunami hit coastal areas along the Sunda Strait in Indonesia. The tsunami is suspected to have been caused by an underwater landslide following eruptions of the Anak Krakatau volcano located in the Sunda Strait. The tsunami impacted Pandeglang and Serang districts in Banten Province and South Lampung and Tanggamus districts in Lampung Province.
281 people dead
Will an El Nino take place?
Current forecasts of Eastern Pacific sea surface temperatures (SST) and expert judgement point to a significant likelihood of an El Nino materializing: currently this stands at over 90% chance of it happening by early 2019.
How long is it likely to last and how intense is it likely to get?
The Asia and the Pacific region has seen tremendous development over the last 30 years. Across the region, however, conflict and violent extremism continue to threaten future development and security. Under the global development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), governments have committed to fight poverty and inequality, tackle climate change, and build peaceful societies.
Last week, in South and Southeast Asia, the overall number of political violence and protest events decreased. There were also positive steps towards an end to the government crisis in Sri Lanka. However, the week was marked by deadly violence in India’s Jammu & Kashmir, large-scale inter-party violence in Bangladesh, and ongoing fighting between the military and the Arakan Army in Myanmar.
Overall, political violence decreased slightly while the number of reported demonstration remained static in the South and Southeast Asian regions last week. The key developments of the last week were ongoing fighting between both Taliban and Islamic State (IS) militants and security forces in Afghanistan, a surge in cross-border violence between Indian and Pakistan, as well as a high number of reported fatalities arising from the West Papua National Liberation Army’s actions in Indonesia.
The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is like tango, it takes two — the ocean and the atmosphere — to complete. This year, despite widespread above-average sea surface temperatures (SSTs) across the equatorial Pacific Ocean, the atmosphere has not yet responded. Therefore, only “ENSO-neutral” conditions have prevailed in the region so far.
Although the stage is set for the tango, ENSO may or may not materialize, or just slightly influence some parts of the region.
Last week in Asia, overall levels of both organized violence and demonstrations declined across the South and Southeast Asia regions. Key developments include deadly suicide attacks in Afghanistan and Pakistan, a high number of rebel attacks across India, and separatist violence in southern Thailand.
In South and Southeast Asia last week, there was a slight increase in the number of battles and reported number of fatalities while the number of demonstrations recorded remained static. Last week was marked by heavy fighting between the Taliban and Afghan security forces in Ghazni province, a surge of Maoist violence during the first phase of Assembly elections in India’s Chhattisgarh state, and one of the deadliest encounters between the armed forces of the Philippines and Abu Sayyaf since the 2017 Marawi crisis.
Overall levels of organized violence remained static across the South and Southeast Asian regions while the overall levels of demonstrations significantly decreased following the previous week’s spike due to the eruption of country-wide blasphemy demonstrations in Pakistan.
On 29 October, Typhoon Yutu (locally named ‘Rosita’) made landfall in Isabela Province. As of 9 November, there were 11 confirmed dead and over 2,500 houses destroyed. Although this storm was not as strong as was initially feared, it affected many of the same communities which were affected by Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named ‘Ompong’) in September. There were nearly 1,100 Baranguays affected by both storms which caused repeated displacement across six different provinces.
2,500 houses destroyed
In South and Southeast Asia, last week was marked by attacks against American soldiers in Afghanistan, a wave of blasphemy protests in Pakistan, an ongoing government crisis in Sri Lanka, and continued conflict in Myanmar’s Shan state. Overall, levels of organized violence remained static across the region while overall demonstration levels continued to rise, with last week reaching the third highest levels of demonstrations this year.
Last week in South and Southeast Asia was marked by a constitutional crisis in Sri Lanka as the President unseated the Prime Minister, increased levels of violence and demonstrations in the Jammu and Kashmir valley, targeted killings of political activists in Bangladesh, and renewed clashes between the Restoration Council of Shan State/Shan State Army-South and Palaung State Liberation Front/Ta’ang National Liberation Army in Myanmar.
Indonesia’s mountainous Sulawesi Island is famed for its many active volcanoes and numerous lakes. It is also an area of high seismic activity.
Agriculture plays a key role in supporting the local economy through the production of cocoa, coconut, rice, vegetables and fruit. Fishing, forestry and nickel mining are also major activities on the island which hosts national parks including the Bogani Nani Wartabone, home to many species endemic to the island.