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- OCHA: Humanitarian Coordinator for Libya El Hillo condemns increasing attacks on civilians, calls for the respect of international humanitarian law and protection of civilians [EN/AR]. 8 Oct 2019
- FAO: FAO & WFP Mark World Food Day in Libya [EN/AR]. 16 Oct 2019
- UNSMIL: UNSMIL shocked by attack on a civilian-populated area in Tripoli killing young children. 14 Oct 2019
- UNHCR: Libya: Activities at Disembarkation, Monthly Update - September 2019. 11 Oct 2019
- UNHCR: UNHCR Update Libya (11 October 2019) [EN/AR]. 11 Oct 2019
Regional Update - Middle East and North Africa
7-11 October 2019
A. Situational context including new developments
A total of 40,537 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe through different land and sea routes between January and June 2019, 29 per cent less than the same period last year, when some 59,446 sea and land arrivals were reported, 60 per cent less than the 105,884 arrivals registered in 2017 and 85 per cent less than the 239,157 registered between January and June 2016.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
Since January 2019, 35,400 refugees and migrants (one in four of whom children) arrived through the Mediterranean migration routes. The majority of the children were registered in Greece, bringing the number of refugee and migrant children present in this country to 32,000- a 52 per cent increase since the start of the year.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
1. GBV SERVICE PROVISION
This paper focuses on Belgrade and border areas – exit points in Serbia, where Crisis Response and Policy Centre (CRPC) and Humanitarian Center for Integration and Tolerance (HCIT) conduct part of their protection activities with refugees, migrants and asylum seekers.
Official TRCs are at full capacity and there is an urgent need to identify locations for new TRCs to-be quickly operationalized.
The security situation in and around the Bira and Miral TRCs continues to be challenging with tensions between nationalities and un-authorized entries.
There is an urgent need for expanded outreach activities and to facilitate access to services for refugees and migrants outside of centres.
7,500 – 8,500 estimated refugee and migrant population in BiH at the end of May 2019
ACAPS Quarterly risk analysis outlines a number of key contexts where a notable deterioration may occur within the next six months, leading to a spike in humanitarian needs.
ACAPS analysts conduct daily monitoring and independent analysis of more than 150 countries to support evidence-based decision-making in the humanitarian sector.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
In May, 6,300 refugees and migrants arrived to Europe, primarily via Greece, Spain and Italy. Overall arrivals to Greece increased marginally compared with the previous month (3,198 versus 3,020), while arrivals to Spain (1,928 versus 1,539) increased by 20% and those to Italy rose (255 versus 782). So far this year just over 27,800 refugees and migrants arrived to Europe via the three Mediterranean routes compared to 43,569 that arrived in the same period last year, marking a 36% decrease.
April saw an increased number of refugees and migrants in UnaSana Canton (USC) and in particular of unaccompanied and separated children and families.
Protection outreach efforts have been intensified and a dedicated Working Group established in USC to coordinate protection efforts outside of centres.
Measles, mumps, and rubella, immunization of refugee and migrant children commenced in April, with the support of the WHO, UNICEF, and partners.
In April, almost 4,700 refugees and migrants entered Europe, primarily via Greece, Spain and Italy. Overall arrivals to Greece decreased compared with the previous month (2,887 versus 3,159), while arrivals to Spain (1,540 versus 1,000) increased by 55% and those to Italy remained consistent (273 versus 262). So far this year almost 20,600 refugees and migrants arrived to Europe via the three Mediterranean routes compared to over 30,900 that arrived in the same period last year, marking a 33% decrease.
The 24th round of DTM data collection in Libya took place in January and February 2019. DTM identified at least 666,717 migrants currently present in Libya. Migrants were identified in all 100 municipalities, within 570 communities and originated from more than 38 countries.
This edition of DTM’s Migrant Report includes a new health surveillance component integrated under the Flow Monitoring Survey methodology to better understand the health conditions and challenges migrants face in Libya, please refer to page 15 for more details.
TRENDS AND KEY FIGURES
In March, just over 4,500 refugees and migrants entered Europe, primarily via Italy, Greece and Spain. Overall arrivals to Spain decreased by just over 26% compared with the previous month (1,006 versus 1,366) while arrivals through routes to Greece (3,159 versus 2,316) and Italy (262 versus 60) increase compared with the previous month. So far this year some 15,900 refugees and migrants arrived to Europe via the three Mediterranean routes compared to over 19,200 that arrived in the same period last year, marking a 17% decrease.
Vaša Prava and UNHCR supported asylum seekers (who registered their claim over nine months ago) to become legally eligible for employment in BiH.
On 2 February, the Una-Sana Canton authorities placed a restriction on the entry of newly arriving single men to the Miral and Bira TRCs.
Approval from the Government of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton is still pending for refugee and migrant children in the Salakovac Reception Center to access primary school.
4,800 – 5,300 estimated refugee and migrant population at the end of February 2019
134 refugee and migrant children, from House of All, the Žene sa Une safe house, and the Sedra,
Borići, Ušivak, and Bira TRCs were enrolled in primary education.
IOM opened the Borići TRC on 3 January and the first 136 refugees and migrants moved in. The Borići TRC is predominantly for families with children.
Health care services in the Ušivak TRC are now provided by the Sarajevo Cantonal Health Institute through the Hadžići Primary Health Centre, with the support of DRC.
Renovation works in Borići were completed, opening 200 additional spaces. Transfer of families to the new location is planned to commence in early January.
Two Women and Girl centres, opened by UNFPA in December, are now functional and offer services in the Sedra TRC and the Bira TRC.
Significant progress was made with the organized integration of refugee and migrant children in local schools with the first formal enrolments in December.
4,500 – 5000 Estimated number of refugees and migrants at the end of December
The GHO published on 4 December 2018 announced funding requirements of $21.9 billion for 21 Humanitarian Response Plans and the Venezuela Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP). With the inclusion of the Zimbabwe Flash Appeal last month, funding requirements for UN-led appeals as at end February amounted to $22.42 billion.
Of 138.8 million people estimated to be in need of assistance, the humanitarian response plans envisage assisting 103.7 million.
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has witnessed numerous natural and man-made disasters in the last decade, which created some of the world’s worst humanitarian crises, shattering lives and upending livelihoods, driving large-scale displacement and migration that has left millions in precarious situations in need of safe water, sanitation, nutrition and health care. In conflict zones of Syria, Iraq, Yemen, occupied Palestinian territories and Libya, National Societies are among the only actors with vast access to vulnerable people.