Appeals & Response Plans
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Kenya: Floods - Apr 2016
- Kenya: Floods - Nov 2015
- Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Kenya: Drought - 2014-2019
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Horn of Africa: Polio Outbreak - May 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Jan 2013
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In 2010, CDKN was established as a demand-led initiative, bringing the best resources available from across the global market to support decision-makers in developing countries to develop the necessary policies and plans to tackle climate change. Although at first CDKN took a broader geographic approach in 70 countries, from 2013 onwards, CDKN focused its resources on 12 priority countries: Bangladesh, Colombia, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Kenya, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, Rwanda and Uganda; and on one subregion: the Caribbean.
This report documents interviews with stakeholders conducted in India, Kenya and Ethiopia to begin to understand how they do, and could, use the science of extreme event attribution (EEA), so that any future analyses in the region can take account of user needs. This report first details other academic reports on extreme weather events and the implications for decision makers, then it summarises and illustrates the results of the interviews organised into three areas (usefulness of EEA, potential usefulness of EEA, and limitations of EEA), before drawing out some key conclusions.
This policy brief, presented as part of the Raising Risk Awareness initiative, concludes that, from the climate science perspective, results show the 2016-17 drought is less severe than the 2010-11 drought in Lamu, while in Marsabit they are comparable. It provides recommendations for decision-makers to link disaster risk management strategies with climate science.
Kenya has experienced droughts, floods and other extreme climate events with increased frequency in recent years. This is reflected in the scientific literature, and noticed by Kenya’s people, who have become increasingly alarmed by the impacts of climate change on their livelihoods.
Kenya’s second Medium Term Plan 2013-2017 expressly recognises the importance of adopting a low-carbon growth pathway, while climate change is a permanent standing item for the National Economic and Social Council.
Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.
Kenya is currently suffering from a drought, which has triggered a national emergency as of April 2017. The drought threatens health and local food security. Scientists with Climate Central, the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) and the University of Oxford – as part of the World Weather Attribution (WWA) partnership, which also includes Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre and the University of Melbourne – conducted a real-time attribution analysis to see whether and to what extent human-induced climate change has played a role in this drought in Kenya.
The Raising Risk Awareness initiative determines the role of climate change in extreme weather events. This allows scientists to make quantitative statements about how climate change has altered the risk of an event occurring in the future. This can help decision-makers and the public to prioritise adaptation solutions and reduce vulnerability.
How can a group of scientists, vulnerability experts and knowledge brokers work together to help improve decision-making around extreme weather events? Some 40 such participants gathered to find out. Toby Morris reports on the Raising Risk Awareness initiative’s expert roundtable event, which took place in Nairobi on 7 December.
This report examines gender and climate change in relation to efforts to support climate compatible development, a policy goal that aims to integrate and draw synergies between adaptation, mitigation and development. The report’s focus is a case study of Kisumu, Kenya, drawing lessons from the five-year project People’s Plans into Practice (PPP): Building Productive and Liveable Settlements with Slum Dwellers in Kisumu and Kitale.
The recommendations provided in this report include (p. 35):
Although climate change and poverty are increasingly recognised as interlinked global problems, responses from governments and development agencies often focus on their scientific and economic dimensions only. This guide highlights the advantages and challenges of pursuing climate compatible development from a gender perspective.
This brief is based on a research project carried out by Practical Action Consulting with support from the Institute of Development Studies, commissioned by and supported by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), to provide evidence on the advantages and challenges of integrating a gender dimension into climate compatible development strategies in urban settings, with a focus on Peru, India and Kenya.
Making decisions over water, energy and food issues in a changing climate can open opportunities for integrated thinking – and raise tensions among different interest groups. How does it work in Kenya? Barbara Schreiner of Pegasys presents initial results from her team’s research.
The water, energy and food sectors are inextricably linked, and are often in competition with one another for land and natural resources. Policies and practices in one sector can have positive or negative impacts on the other sectors. In Kenya, land and water are increasingly becoming scarce as industries grow. Hydropower, irrigation and the extractive industries all require a slice of natural resources and have each played a part in driving competition. This is exacerbated by increasing rainfall variability and prevalence of drought and floods.
Following journalist training at the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report Outreach Event sponsored by CDKN, International Press Services looked at how climate change is affecting Kenya’s pastoralists.
Seif Hassan is a pastoralist from Garissa, Northern Kenya, some 380 kilometres outside of the capital, Nairobi. He sells his animals at the Garissa livestock market where, during a good season, pastoralists can sell up to 5,000 animals per week and “it is a cash-making business.”
With increasing frequency, Kenya has experienced droughts, floods and other extreme climate events – something that has been reflected not only in the findings of the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), but also by the country’s electorate, which has called on government to act.