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18 Jul 2017 description

Peacemaking and mediation literature has often portrayed neutral ‘outsiders’ as the most suitable mediators, given their physical and emotional distance from the parties in conflict. However, in many parts of the world, communities in conflict prefer to deal with ‘insiders’ whom they already trust, who are part of the local society’s fabric, and who can make a long term commitment to resolving the conflict.

01 Mar 2011 description

The 2008 Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation has been hailed as an example of good practice in terms of the representation of women in a mediation process.

28 Feb 2011 description

by Christine Belle & Catherine O'Rourke

Women at the Peace Table: Asia Pacific Opinion Series - N=B04

Introduction & Background

On the 31 October 2000 United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1325 (SCR 1325) was adopted providing for a range of measures aimed at the inclusion of women in the prevention, management and resolution of violent conflict. In particular, several of the resolution's provisions addressed the role of women and gender in peace negotiations and agreements.

06 Nov 2009 description

Katia Papagianni

Les initiatives de rétablissement et de construction de la paix prévoient souvent un partage du pouvoir au sein de gouvernements de transition. Le partage du pouvoir garantit la participation de représentants de groupes importants aux décisions politiques, non seulement au sein du pouvoir exécutif mais également dans les domaines législatif, judiciaire, militaire et policier. Pendant une période de transition, le partage du pouvoir entre groupes rivaux limite le risque de prépondérance d'un parti au détriment de la sécurité de tous les autres.

23 Jul 2009 description

HD background paper July 2009

Mike Davis


This article summarises the case for mediators giving greater consideration to the economic dimensions of conflicts - particularly those concerning natural resources. It also looks at some of the ways in which mediators might address this issue.

The recent United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) publication, From Conflict to Peacebuilding - the Role of Natural Resources and the Environment provides some arguments for giving this area greater attention.

22 Jul 2009 description

Meeting report

Executive summary

The Oslo forum 2009 took place against the background of a new optimism, largely heralded by the new US administration and its emphasis on civility in international relations. After a period of confrontation marked by the 'war on terror' and weakening of mediation efforts, there is now a renewed demand in many areas for diplomacy and negotiation.

14 Jul 2009 description

By Chris Fomunyoh


Beyond major conflicts in Africa over the territorial integrity of states such as Sudan and Somalia, many recent conflicts on the continent are ignited by grievances over bad governance and exclusionary political practices. In many cases, flawed or failed elections have either precipitated political disputes or aggravated simmering tensions into an outburst of conflict.

24 Jun 2008 description

Katia Papagianni

Power-sharing transitional governments are common ingredients of peacemaking and peacebuilding efforts. Power sharing guarantees the participation of representatives of significant groups in political decision making, and especially in the executive, but also in the legislature, judiciary, police and army.

09 May 2008 description

The presidential elections of December 2007 in Kenya were the first broadly contested elections in the country's history. The sudden eruption of violence that followed the announcement of the results brought to light longstanding tensions concerning both inequalities in wealth and political ethnic cleavages. Former and sitting African heads of state1 reacted swiftly and flew in to offer good offices.