Appeals & Response Plans
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Kenya: Floods - Apr 2016
- Kenya: Floods - Nov 2015
- Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Kenya: Drought - 2014-2018
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Horn of Africa: Polio Outbreak - May 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Jan 2013
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In Eastern Africa, staple commodity prices generally followed seasonal trends in Uganda, Kenya, and Somalia, but atypical price trends were observed in Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, and Tanzania (FEWS NET Price Watch, March 2018). Prices are expected to follow seasonal trends through June 2018, remaining below last year and five year USD prices due to a combination of currency depreciation, better production than 2017, and regional imports.
- White maize grain was as usual, the most regionally traded commodity between October and December 2017 because of increasing supply from the previous June-to-July, and ongoing November-to-January harvests (see Figure 1). Recurrent conflict-related trade disruptions from southern to northern markets in South Sudan encouraged alternative imports from Sudan in the north.
Maize grain as usual was the most traded commodity in the region followed by dry beans, rice and then sorghum. See Figure 1.
Staple commodity prices especially for maize are expected to remain above last year and five year average prices despite near average harvest in the region with spatial pockets of deficit within and between countries because carryover stocks are low, tightening supplies available for trade.
- Tanzania’s ban on maize grain exports to assure the country’s food security and to encourage value addition through exports of flour, would likely move regional cross-border trade to informal channels because of porous borders, and increase the maize export prices because of additional of costs of circumventing the ban.
Maize grain was the most informally traded commodity in Eastern Africa in the first quarter of 2017 accounting for 33 percent of total trade, but volumes traded in the region were lower when compared to 2013-2016 average due to tight supplies following below average harvests across most countries.
Maize grain was the most informally traded commodity in Eastern Africa in the fourth quarter of 2016 but its share of total trade decreased slightly from 35 percent in the third quarter to 31 percent in the fourth quarter because of average production and supplies in Kenya, Tanzania,
Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi.
• The June 2016 FSNWG update indicates that approximately 28 million people in the Horn of Africa region are severely food insecure (IPC Phase 3 Crisis and Phase 4 Emergency) in selected countries and are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. The majority of them are in Ethiopia (10.2), South Sudan (4.8), DRC (4.5) and Sudan (4.4). Key areas of concern remain the northeastern parts of Ethiopia previously hit by drought, parts of Sudan, northern Somalia,
Djibouti, and Karamoja in Uganda.
Maize grain remained the most traded commodity in Eastern Africa in the second quarter of 2016 since it is consumed by a large percentage of the population. However, the quality of maize available in the region is of poor quality resulting in significant rejection rates by millers.
Locally produced rice mostly from Tanzania was the second major crop traded in the region but is still grappling with issues of origin since some of it is mixed with Asian attracting the full East Africa common external tariff.
About This Report
• El Nino related rains has improved food and nutrition security in many parts of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, southern Ethiopia and south and central Somalia during the last season (Oct-Dec 2015).
Maize grain, was the single most traded commodity in the East Africa region in 2015 as depicted in Figure 1. There were also significant informal cross-border trade of dry beans, cooking bananas, locally produced rice, sorghum, sesame; imported sugar, wheat and flour.
Most of the primary staple food commodities were informally traded while a majority of the processed food commodities were formally traded in the region in 2015.
The August 2015 FSNWG update reports indicate that approximately 19.2 million people in the Greater Horn of Africa are facing crisis and emergency food insecurity and are in urgent need of assistance.
Current Conditions: Regional Highlight
• Minimal food insecurity (IPC Phase 1) in parts of Sudan, western & central Ethiopia, agricultural areas of Uganda, western Kenya, southwest South Sudan, northern Somalia, Rwanda and Burundi but stressed (IPC Phase 2) in most pastoral areas;
• Crisis and emergency food insecurity remains a concern mostly in DRC, CAR and conflict-affected states of South Sudan, parts of NE Kenya, NE Ethiopia, some districts in Karamoja, Darfur in Sudan, IDP sites in Somalia;
The regional food and nutrition security alert covers Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Somalia, South Sudan, and Uganda; these are the countries expected to receive normal to below normal rains during March to May season according to the Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF 39) held in Nairobi between 23rd and 25th February 2015. This rainfall season constitutes a critical period for agricultural and livestock production in the region.
The East and Central Africa Food Security and Nutrition Working Group (FSNWG) is a multi-stakeholder regional forum, chaired by IGAD and FAO, and mandated to conduct regional food and nutrition security situational and response analysis in the region.
KEY MESSAGES FROM THE FSNWG MEETING March 21, 2013
Fighting in CAR has led to acute food insecurity for almost half of the country. CAR remains a forgotten crisis.
Poor belg rains raise concerns for areas in Ethiopia where there have been three poor or failed cropping seasons
Despite the generally good prevailing conditions approximately 16M people remain in crisis or emergency (IPC Phase 3 & 4) in the region
DR Congo: While conflict in the east is reducing, large areas remain in the control of different factions and with reports of indiscriminate violence against individuals (HRW Feb 13). These threats to personal security restrict movement diminishing household production as well as access to markets
KEY MESSAGES FROM THE FSNWG MEETING JANUARY 24, 2013 (FSNWG JAN 13)
While seasonal and generally good food security conditions reflect improvement in communities in the horn of Africa, we must bear in mind that good is a relative term. Beneath these relatively good conditions exists extreme levels of chronic food insecurity. As learned from Somalia in 2011, these conditions are potentially deadly.