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30 May 2012 description
report Oxford Analytica

Somalia's main transitional leaders are meeting in Ethiopia this week for talks on implementing the 'Roadmap'. Somalia's biggest Western donors, and the leaders of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and Puntland, are focusing on the adoption of a new constitution and an end to the current Transitional Federal Charter before its mandate expires in August. The Roadmap emerged in September 2011 out of the Kampala Accord a few weeks earlier, which had functioned mainly to contain infighting between TFG factions.

07 Jun 2010 description
report Oxford Analytica

June 7, 2010

SUBJECT: Implementation of 'responsibility to protect' (R2P).

SIGNIFICANCE: The R2P principle involves an international commitment to protect civilians from systematic human rights violations. Although R2P was endorsed by heads of state and government at the 2005 World Summit, it continues to face opposition.

04 Jun 2009 description
report Oxford Analytica

EVENT: Government fighters launched a counter-offensive on June 2 against hardline Islamist militant groups, Hisbul Islam and al-Shabaab.

SIGNIFICANCE: The government has barely survived a concerted assault on Mogadishu, which threatens to derail the Djibouti peace process.

ANALYSIS: Since it moved to Mogadishu in February, the expanded Transitional Federal Government (TFG-Djibouti) has made only limited progress in increasing coherence among the unwieldy coalition of which it is formed.

28 Feb 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

EVENT: Kofi Annan today announced that an "agreement" had been reached between the government and opposition. SIGNIFICANCE: Annan had suspended the mediation process two days ago, and concentrated instead on bringing President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga directly together. Today's agreement should dampen the fears of an imminent return to violence.

10 Jan 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

SUBJECT: Natural disaster preparedness in East Africa and the Great Lakes.

SIGNIFICANCE: Over the past 20 years, greater responsibility has been placed upon national governments for disaster planning, and mitigation, in their own territories.  However, recent disaster episodes in the region suggest that its governments are some way from meeting their obligations.