23 entries found
Sort by: Latest |Relevance
13 Mar 2018 description
report BioMed Central

Kelli N. O’Laughlin, Shada A. Rouhani, Julius Kasozi, Kelsy E. Greenwald, Nicholas R. Perkons, Zikama M. Faustin, Ingrid V. Bassett and Norma C. Ware Conflict and Health 201812:7 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13031-018-0145-1© The Author(s). 2018

Abstract

Background
Refugees living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa suffer unique hardships that may increase their vulnerability to interruptions in antiretroviral therapy (ART).

06 Jun 2017 description
report BioMed Central

Conflict and Health201711:9 DOI: 10.1186/s13031-017-0112-2©  The Author(s). 2017

Received: 1 November 2016Accepted: 26 March 2017Published: 31 May 2017

Abstract

Background

06 Jun 2017 description
report BioMed Central

Conflict and Health201711:11 DOI: 10.1186/s13031-017-0111-3©  The Author(s). 2017

Received: 26 May 2016Accepted: 6 March 2017Published: 31 May 2017

Abstract

Background

Refugees and host nationals who accessed antiretroviral therapy (ART) in a remote refugee camp in Kakuma, Kenya (2011–2013) were compared on outcome measures that included viral suppression and adherence to ART.

Methods

10 Apr 2013 description
report BioMed Central

Polonsky et al. Conflict and Health 2013, 7:1 http://www.conflictandhealth.com/content/7/1/1

Jonathan A Polonsky, Axelle Ronsse1, Iza Ciglenecki, Monica Rull and Klaudia Porten

Abstract

29 Sep 2010 description
report BioMed Central

Background

A public health response is essential to meet the multidimensional needs of patients and families affected by HIV disease in sub-Saharan Africa. In order to appraise current provision of HIV care and support in East Africa, and to provide evidence-based direction to future care programming, and Public Health Evaluation was commissioned by the PEPFAR programme of the US Government.

27 May 2010 description
report BioMed Central

Background

Prompt access to effective malaria treatment is central to the success of malaria control worldwide, but few fevers are treated with effective anti-malarials within 24 hours of symptoms onset. The last two decades saw an upsurge of initiatives to improve access to effective malaria treatment in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Evidence suggests that the poorest populations remain least likely to seek prompt and effective treatment, but the factors that prevent them from accessing interventions are not well understood.

16 Mar 2010 description
report BioMed Central

Background

Ensuring that the poor and vulnerable population benefit from malaria control interventions remains a challenge for malaria endemic countries. Until recently, ownership and use of insecticides treated nets (ITNs) in most countries was low and inequitable, although coverage has increased in countries where free ITN distribution is integrated into mass vaccination campaigns. In Kenya, free ITNs were distributed to children aged below five years in 2006 through two mass campaigns.

26 Feb 2010 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract (provisional)

Background

Inadequate protein intake is known to be deleterious in animals. Using WHO consensus documents for human nutrient requirements, the protein:energy ratio (P:E) of an adequate diet is > 5%. Cassava has a very low protein content.

26 Feb 2010 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract (provisional)

Background

High coverage of insecticide-treated bed nets in Asembo and low coverage in Seme, two adjacent communities in western Nyanza Province, Kenya; followed by expanded coverage of bed nets in Seme, as the Kenya national malaria programme rolled out; provided a natural experiment for quantification of changes in relative abundance of two primary malaria vectors in this holoendemic region. Both belong to the Anopheles gambiae sensu lato (s.l.) species complex, namely A. gambiae sensu stricto (s.s.) and Anopheles arabiensis.

22 Dec 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract (provisional)

Background

Health, fair financing and responsiveness to the user's needs and expectations are seen as the essential objectives of health systems. Efforts have been made to conceptualise and measure responsiveness as a basis for evaluating the non-health aspects of health systems performance.

18 Dec 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract (provisional)

Background

Localized mosquito larval habitat management and the use of larvicides have been proposed as important control tools in integrated malaria vector management programs. In order to optimize the utility of these tools, detailed knowledge of the spatial distribution patterns of mosquito larval habitats is crucial.

25 Nov 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract (provisional)

Background

Published practical examples of how to bridge gaps between research, policy and practice in health systems research in Sub Saharan Africa are scarce.

14 Nov 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Alan Whiteside and Julia Smith

Abstract

There has been a renewed debate over whether AIDS deserves an exceptional response. We argue that as AIDS is having differentiated impacts depending on the scale of the epidemic, and population groups impacted, and so responses must be tailored accordingly. AIDS is exceptional, but not everywhere. Exceptionalism developed as a Western reaction to a once poorly understood epidemic, but remains relevant in the current multi-dimensional global response.

25 Oct 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Background

In Africa, an estimated 300-500 million cases of malaria occur each year resulting in approximately 1 million deaths. More than 90% of these are in children under 5 years of age.

21 Oct 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Background

Although the occurrence of malaria vector larvae in the valleys of western Kenya highlands is well documented, knowledge of larval habitats in the uphill sites is lacking.

17 Jun 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Vitamin A deficiency and malaria are both highly prevalent health problems in Africa. Vitamin A deficiency affects over 30 million children, most of whom are in the age-group (under five years) most affected by malaria. Vitamin A deficiency increases all-cause mortality in this part of the population, and malaria is an important cause of death in children at this age.

19 May 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Background

Simple modifications of typical rural house design can be an effective and relatively inexpensive method of reducing indoor mosquito vector densities and consequently decreasing malaria transmission. Public health scientists have shown the potential for house design to protect people against malaria, yet this type of intervention remains virtually ignored.

14 May 2009 description
report BioMed Central

Abstract

Background

Dramatic inequalities dominate global health today. The rapid urban growth sustained by Kenya in the last decades has created many difficulties that also led to worsening inequalities in health care. The continuous decline in its Human Development Index since the 1990s highlights the hardship that continues to worsen in the country, against the general trend of Sub-Saharan Africa.