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23 Oct 2018 description

Drawing on extensive field research in Kenya and Liberia around the 2017 elections in those countries, this report uses local survey data to evaluate the effectiveness of seven prevention measures thought to reduce the risk of election violence. Its recommendations, directed primarily to the international community but offering utility for regional and national agencies, offer ways to strengthen existing practices or address shortcomings and gaps in programming and enhance their ability to shape environments conducive to peaceful elections.


11 Oct 2018 description

By: Illana M. Lancaster; Sahlim Charles Amambia, Felix Bivens, Munira Hamisi, Olivia Ogada, Gregory Ochieng Okumu, Nicolas Songora, Rehema Zaid

23 May 2018 description

By: Jeff Krentel; Nathaniel L. Wilson

An evaluation of a three-year USIP program to strengthen capacity in the field to counter violent extremism revealed that effective project design, thoughtful recruitment strategies, and tailored course content are critical. Participants reported applying what they learned to either adjust existing CVE programs or develop new programs altogether. This report explores the lessons from the project for funders and practitioners to develop more effective projects.


19 Jan 2018 description

BY: Jonas Claes; Maria J. Stephan

The recent election violence in Kenya and Honduras reveals a pattern that’s all too familiar: An incumbent campaigns on a platform of law and order and declares victory after a contested election. The opposition then cries foul, mobilizes its supporters, and nonviolent street protests turn deadly after clashes with police. Regional powers and local brokers might try to reduce tensions by bringing the main candidates together, but society is split between calls for peace and demands for justice.

12 Aug 2017 description


Violent conflict upends and polarizes societies, disrupting social structures and gender roles.
Projects and policies intended to assist communities that are fragile or affected by violence are more successful if they consider conflict’s different effects on men, women, boys, and girls.
Approaches to conflict resolution that account for gender issues and include a broader array of society reduce gender-based violence, enhance gender equality, defuse conflict, and lead to more sustainable peace.


21 Sep 2016 description

International Support for Peaceful Vote Must Begin Early

Monday, September 19, 2016

By: Jonas Claes and Scofield Muliru

With elections coming up next year in Liberia and Kenya, the time for early and sustained efforts to prevent clashes is now. Forthcoming USIP research shows that domestic institutions hold the key: election commissions, the police and, above all, political leaders. Any international support to those institutions and leaders must now move from plans to action in order to achieve any desired impact amid rising tensions.

02 Mar 2016 description

Statistics, Global Luminaries Highlight the Patterns

By Kathleen Kuehnast and Danielle Robertson

30 Jul 2015 description

Kenya is a regional leader and growing economic center in East Africa. While the March 2013 general elections were relatively calm, challenges remain to implement the country’s new, devolved system of government and other reforms that were adopted following post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. Extremist violence, particularly by the militant group al-Shabab, also has increased since 2003. So the country faces the dual tests of developing an effective strategy to counter violent extremism while upholding the rule of law and respecting human rights.

09 Apr 2015 description

Nairobi Must Address Concerns of Muslim Kenyans, USIP Analysts Say

Kenya’s government must adopt a broader strategy to counter extremist violence such as last week’s attack by the militant group al-Shabab at Garissa University, according to two experts at the U.S. Institute of Peace. The attack killed at least 147 people, mostly students.

15 Jan 2014 description

Report of a Workshop by the National Academy of Engineering and the United States Institute of Peace Roundtable on Technology, Science, and Peacebuilding

Published:January 14, 2014

By: Andrew Robertson and Steve Olson

26 Jul 2013 description

USIP, Partners Release Report on Realizing ‘Responsibility to Protect’

By: Thomas Omestad

22 May 2013 description

The mostly peaceful Kenyan elections this year—a welcome contrast to the communal bloodletting that followed the 2007 contest—reflects structural reforms in Kenya’s political system, a new electoral alliance between former political foes and internationally supported work to prevent the return of mass violence, according to a panel of specialists who gathered at the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP) on May 21.

19 Mar 2013 description

In 2011 and 2012, USIP held a Priority Grant Competition entitled “Communication for Peacebuilding” to support research and practitioner projects on the ways that communication flows and communication technologies can contribute to the prevention and resolution of conflict. Internews, a nonprofit organization dedicated to strengthening independent media worldwide, received funding in 2011 for a grant project in the Central African Republic and also agreed to serve as the lead ‘learning organization’ for the group of three 2011 grantees.

12 Mar 2013 description

USIP’s Jacqueline Wilson discusses the recent Kenyan elections and how the country can continue to mend rifts from the 2007 violence.

What do you make of the election results?

04 Jan 2013 description

January 2013 | On the Issues by Andrew Robertson January 4, 2012

Andrew Robertson is a senior program officer in the Center of Innovation for Science, Technology and Peacebuilding at the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP). Robertson was previously a director at the Corporate Executive Board, a consultant for FSI, Inc. and a research engineer for the Nissan Motor Company. He holds a PhD in the history of science from Harvard University and an ME in computer and electrical engineering from Dartmouth College.

22 May 2012 description

A Report on the 2011 Peacebuilding Evaluation Evidence Summit


30 Jan 2012 description

USIP’s Jon Temin, director of the Sudan program, and Raymond Gilpin, director for Sustainable Economies, take questions about events now unfolding in South Sudan after Juba recently announced a controversial plan to build an oil pipeline through Kenya.

South Sudan announced a deal under which it would export its crude oil through Kenya, excluding its northern neighbor, Sudan. At the same time, the Sudanese government is angry over what it describes as unpaid “transit fees.” What’s going on here?