Appeals & Response Plans
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Kenya: Floods - Apr 2016
- Kenya: Floods - Nov 2015
- Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Kenya: Drought - 2014-2018
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Horn of Africa: Polio Outbreak - May 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Jan 2013
Most read reports
- FAO trains farmers in Kenya to save crops from Fall Armyworm
- Kenya: Half of the assessed households report insufficient access to food at Dadaab refugee complex
- Active USG Humanitarian Programs in Kenya (Last Updated 09/30/18)
- Kenya: Food Assistance Fact Sheet - September 30, 2018
- Kenya launches 10-year Climate Smart Agriculture Implementation Framework
According to FEWSNET, there was an increase in food production due to the continued rainfall experienced in the eastern Horn of Africa. Average to above-average rains are expected to enhance crop and livestock production, increase demand for agricultural labor, and suppress resource-based conflict. Regardless of this, food insecurity persists due to a combination of factors, including conflict, drought recovery, previous and ongoing flooding.
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
For World Water Week, Oxfam Engineering Adviser Brian McSorley reflects on the achievements of the Global Solar Water Initiative and the potential of solar water pumps to transform lives and ways of working.
Solar power offers so many possibilities for development and humanitarian aid, from lighting, to internet connectivity and water provision. If you are involved in helping communities access clean water, almost anywhere where Oxfam is working, the following question is a no brainer:
3 Million People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions
13.1 Million Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
16 Million People affected by drought in the region
1 Million People affected by floods
Heavy rains and flooding have continued to compound an already fragile humanitarian situation and worsening conditions for communities who recently endured a long period of drought.
*by Sini Maria Heikkila, Humanitarian Policy Officer Tearfund and *
Denis Kongere, Regional Drought Policy and Campaigns Manager, Oxfam
According to FEWSNET, rainfall has been above average over broad areas of Somalia, Eastern and Southern Ethiopia and nearly all of Kenya. The strong performance of seasonal rains has contributed to a continuation of timely and well-distributed rains that had already resulted in seasonal rainfall surpluses across much of the region. Heavy rainfall has persisted across much of East Africa since March, with rainfall totaling more than 200 percent of average in many areas.
The 'Building Resilience in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of Northern Kenya' project was implemented in Turkana County, in Northern Kenya, between July 2012 and April 2015. The project was designed to build the resilience of project participants to a number of shocks and stresses: droughts – which threaten the area annually – floods and outbreaks of human and animal diseases on the one hand, and anthropocentric risks on the other hand, such as fire, livestock theft, and conflicts.
According to FEWSNET, the ongoing La Niña is forecast to drive poor performance of the Gu rains over much of the Horn of Africa, especially in pastoral areas of Somali Region and Southern Oromia. International, regional, and national forecasts indicate below-average rainfall is likely between March and May 2018 in South Eastern Ethiopia, and Kenya following three poor rainy seasons.
The World Bank shouldn’t forget its goals to “end poverty and boost shared prosperity” as it increasingly relies on the private sector to finance development, Oxfam warned at the start of the institution’s Spring Meetings.
In 2017, the R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) expanded from four to six countries. Overall, 57, 625 farmers (50 percent women) participated directly in R4 while around 300,000 people benefitted from it in five countries, namely, Ethiopia, Senegal, Malawi, Kenya and Zambia with its comprehensive risk management approach. This year saw the scaling-up of the initiative in Southern Africa, the R4 pilot in Kenya as well as the start of the inception phase in Zimbabwe.
With below average rains experienced across the region, some locations in the Horn of Africa are expected to continue to drive humanitarian needs for the next six months. A weak La Niña will likely persist into the second quarter of 2018, which is historically associated with below average rainfall.
According to experts who spoke in the 48th Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum, La Niña could trigger severe hunger and lack of water for both humans and livestock, potentially increase conflict between communities over scarce resources and could increased migrations.
The R4 Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) is a strategic partnership between Oxfam America (OA) and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). R4 was initiated in 2011 to respond to the challenges faced by food insecure communities enduring increasingly frequent and intense climate disasters and other shocks.
The Horn of Africa has been hotter and drier than normal in January following an early cessation of seasonal rains around mid-December. This is likely to result in further deterioration of pasture and water resources, most notably in pastoral and marginal agricultural areas of Somalia, Ethiopia and parts of northern Kenya. Humanitarian needs are expected to remain significant, an estimated 7.4 million (latest figure) in Ethiopia, 6.2 million in Somalia and 3.4 million in Kenya will require food assistance in the first half of 2018.
The Horn and East Africa region has been affected by yet another drought with hardly any reprieve from the 2016 El Nino induced crisis. By end of March 2017 the UN estimated that 22.9 million people in the greater Horn were food insecure, a figure expected to rise as the crisis worsens. The number of people affected in the three countries is 8.5 million people in Ethiopia, 3.2 million in Somalia and 3.4 million in Kenya.
22.9M People affected by drought in the region
15M Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
1.8 M People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions
$1.5 billion Horn of Africa Drought Response funding gap