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11 Dec 2018 description


  • Energy is essential to humanitarian action. Most refugee and internal displacement camps are in remote locations, so humanitarian agencies consume large amounts of fuel on the long-distance transport of staff, equipment, and goods such as food and water. Operations tend to rely on on-site electricity generation to power reception centres, clinics, schools, food storage, water pumping and street lighting. Peacekeeping operations face a similar situation.

30 Jan 2018 description
report Chatham House

Executive Summary

The low level of energy access in refugee camps is sorely felt by displaced people. Expensive and dirty technologies contribute to poverty, and hamper relief and development efforts.

05 Apr 2013 description
report Chatham House

Despite strong economic growth in many countries of the Horn and Sahel, environmental and demographic changes coupled to low levels of political inclusion and high instability mean that the risk of acute food crises is likely to increase. Conflict and geopolitics act as risk multipliers, meaning that full-blown famine remains a real threat, as was seen most recently in Somalia during 2011.

15 Dec 2009 description
report Chatham House

Summary points

- Among the drivers of conflict in the Horn of Africa economic motivations have been ubiquitous and pervasive in prompting and sustaining conflict. At other times economic drivers have exhibited a potential for peaceful cooperation. An understanding of their role and relationship with other forces of change is essential.

- Conflict in the Horn frequently has economic impacts across national borders.

18 Nov 2009 description
report Chatham House

Roger Middleton, December 2009, The World Today, Volume 65, Number 12

The north eastern corner of Africa is again witnessing shocking scenes of deprivation. The Horn of Africa, from Sudan through Kenya and Ethiopia to Somalia regularly suffers from prolonged and devastating food shortages and this is one of the worst for many years. Preventing repeats of this suffering depends as much on the politics of the region as on aid and development.

ACCORDING TO THE WORLD FOOD Programme, around twenty million people in the Horn of Africa need food aid.

18 Nov 2009 description
report Chatham House

Gerrard Cowan, December 2009, The World Today, Volume 65, Number 12

It sometimes seems that the only people who want to stay in Somalia are pirates. While the Gulf of Aden is notorious as a haven for modern-day Blackbeards, the past year has also seen a dramatic upsurge in people smuggling, which has been costlier in human lives and far less reported in the international media. Conflict and climate are the driving forces.


09 Jun 2009 description
report Chatham House

In a major key note speech aimed at people across Africa, Lord Malloch-Brown, Minister for Africa, called for an 'Africa first' policy to counter the growing threats from global recession, and increase Africa's influence in global affairs.

Lord Mark Malloch-Brown, formerly a United Nations Deputy Secretary General, warned that the continent of Africa 'is in trouble' because of the world economic crisis but with an 'Africa first' approach to regional markets, infrastructure and institutions, 'African lions' may emerge from the financial recession with …