Appeals & Response Plans
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Kenya: Floods - Apr 2016
- Kenya: Floods - Nov 2015
- Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Kenya: Drought - 2014-2018
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Horn of Africa: Polio Outbreak - May 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Jan 2013
Most read reports
- Kenya: Kakuma and Kalobeyei Population Statistics by Country of Origin, Sex and Age Group (as of 25 November 2018)
- Kenya: Kalobeyei Settlement Population Statistics by Country of Origin, Sex and Age Group (as of 25 November 2018)
- Kenya: Kakuma New Arrival Registration Trends 2018 (as of 25 November 2018)
- Kenya Refugee Response Plan for South Sudanese, January 2019 - December 2020
- Delivering for mothers in Nairobi
Hopes that the August 2015 peace agreement between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) government of Salva Kiir and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) of Riek Machar would end the conflict in South Sudan collapsed with the return to fighting on 8 July 2016. A year later the fighting has continued and spread, the humanitarian crisis has deepened, and the international peacemakers are reduced to making appeals to end the violence that are ignored.
This paper describes the establishment, evolution, and internal dynamics of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in Opposition (SPLM-IO) following the events of December 2013; the distinct motivations and objectives of its political and military leaderships; and the state of the organization immediately prior to the signing of the compromise peace agreement brokered by the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in August 2015.
In vast areas of East Africa, violent conflict involving pastoralist communities, and exacerbated by the prevalence of firearms, has resulted in large-scale death and injury, as well as the impoverishment of entire communities.
Many communities reliant on agro-pastoralism are situated in the Karamoja Cluster and in the Horn of Africa. The Karamoja Cluster comprises the border regions of south-western Ethiopia, north-western Kenya, south-eastern South Sudan, and north-eastern Uganda; the Horn of Africa is made up of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.