Appeals & Response Plans
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Kenya: Floods - Apr 2016
- Kenya: Floods - Nov 2015
- Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Kenya: Drought - 2014-2018
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Horn of Africa: Polio Outbreak - May 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Jan 2013
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By: Roberta Cohen
The concept of the responsibility to protect (R2P) developed in large measure from efforts to design an international system to protect internally displaced persons (IDPs).
The explosion of civil wars emanating from and following the Cold War brought into view millions of persons inside their own countries who were uprooted from their homes and in need of international protection and assistance. Many had little or no access to food, medicine or shelter and were vulnerable to assault, sexual violence, and all manner of human rights abuse.
2008 marked the 10th anniversary of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement which was an occasion both to commemorate efforts over the past decade to uphold the human rights of IDPs and to remind ourselves that much remains to be done. There are still an estimated 26 million people who have been forced from their communities by conflict and many more who have been displaced by natural disasters and large-scale development projects.
Roberta Cohen, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy
by Jacquie Kiggundu, Junior Professional Consultant and Research Assistant
by Khalid Koser, Fellow
In the 1980s BBC docudrama 'The March', hundred of thousands of Africans marched northwards toward the Mediterranean to escape starvation, prompting widespread panic in Europe about an impending 'flood' of 'illegal migrants'. The current global food crisis is very unlikely to result in mass migration, and population movements that do occur will almost certainly take place within countries and not across borders, and for a short-period of time only.
While the issue of internal displacement has been touched upon by our speakers this afternoon, I'd like to conclude the formal presentations with a quick update on the IDP situation in Kenya.
In just three months, as many as 600,000 Kenyans have been displaced from their homes by political violence.
THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION - UNIVERSITY OF BERN PROJECT ON INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT
Speakers: Dorina Bekoe, Senior Research Associate, Center for Conflict Analysis and Prevention, United States Institute of Peace
Akwe Amosu, Senior Policy Analyst for Africa, Open Society Policy Center
KD Ladd, Nutrition Specialist, International Medical Corps
Moderator: Khalid Koser, Deputy Director, Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement
Nature of the Crisis
Bekoe explained that the crisis in Kenya is complex, consisting of at least …
September 2007 - Internally displaced persons (IDPs) were central to the humanitarian reform initiated by Jan Egeland, then-Emergency Relief Coordinator in 2005. It was widely recognized that the collaborative approach which had been developed to assign institutional responsibilities for IDPs was not working. Humanitarian reform was intended to "fill the gaps" in humanitarian response - particularly for IDPs -- but over time it became something else.