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18 Jun 2018 description

Population growth and low agricultural productivity are deepening Kenya’s dependence on food imports.


In Kenya, food consumption is outpacing food production. According to a new Institute for Security Studies report, annual agricultural production will need to increase by an estimated 75% from 2015 levels in order to meet consumption in 2030.

12 Jan 2018 description

Elections held in Africa in 2017 show that international election observers need to up their game if they are to remain relevant in improving the quality of elections and building public confidence in electoral processes.

11 Jan 2018 description

In this issue
On the Agenda
The 30th AU summit will be an opportunity to start implementing AU reforms.

Ten new members of the PSC will be elected at the summit.

Clarifying the relationship between the AU and RECs is on the reform agenda.

Situation Analysis
Parliamentary elections are on the cards for Guinea- Bissau in 2018.

Addis Insight
An analysis of the work of the PSC this year shows fewer meetings were held on crisis situations.

30 Nov 2017 description

In this issue
On the Agenda

Donald Trump’s insistence on reducing US aid to peacekeeping missions will affect US-Africa relations.

Should the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic be allowed to attend crucial AU partnership summits?

Situation Analysis
In its worst political crisis in over a decade, is a divided Kenya the answer?

Addis Insight
After placing Burundi at the top of its agenda in 2015 and 2016, so far this year the PSC has failed to address the situation in the country.

26 Oct 2017 description

Amid the turmoil of repeat elections, the country is on high alert for al-Shabaab terror attacks.


The current political climate in Kenya has created a complex security challenge for government, stretching the resources of security agencies to the limit as they battle both internal and external threats.

02 Aug 2017 description

In August 2017 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) will again focus on addressing the scourge of terrorism in Africa. It will also look into the situations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and South Sudan. This month the PSC is chaired by Rachid Benlounes, Algeria’s ambassador to Ethiopia and its permanent representative to the AU.

Providing support for victims of terrorism

18 Jul 2017 description

Kenyatta’s election promise of free secondary schooling ignores the real problem in education.

President Uhuru Kenyatta recently announced that if re-elected on 8 August, his government would provide free secondary education by 2019. Kenyatta believes that secondary education at no cost would increase the transition rate from primary to secondary school.

06 Jul 2017 description

South Africa should take the lead, and this means going beyond just supporting electoral processes.


It’s a busy time for elections in Africa, with countries like the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Zimbabwe and Kenya gearing up for the polls. And as elections increasingly become the legitimate way to acquire political power on the continent, winning votes has become a matter of life and death for the political elite in many countries.

03 May 2017 description

On 11 May 2017 the international community will be called upon to put its hands deeper into its pockets at the planned London Conference on Somalia. The African Union (AU) has decided to withdraw from the country by 2018 and is arguing for a final push against al-Shabaab before that date – a costly undertaking. Humanitarian aid is also needed due to drought and a cholera epidemic in the country.

22 Dec 2016 description

In this issue

  • On the Agenda

The election of a new African Union (AU) Commission, funding issues and combating terrorism are expected to be on the agenda of the 28th AU summit in Addis Ababa in January 2017.

  • Situation Analysis

In Kajiado County, Kenya, vulnerability and conflict can be traced to land subdivision, not just climate change.

01 Sep 2016 description

In Somalia, a veil of shame and silence hangs over the subject of sexual and gender-based violence.

Victims are reluctant to open up, even to the closest family members, let alone report their plight to law and justice officials. And why would they – when all too often it is men in uniform who act not as protectors, but as perpetrators?

‘We are facing a lot of problems,’ says Naima Ali Abdullah, Head of Women Empowerment in the Somalia Ministry of Women.

30 Aug 2016 description

Since 2014, the East African Community has been a key player in attempts to resolve the ongoing instability in Burundi.

The organisation recognised early on that a crisis was looming, but it waited too long to act at the highest level and was unable to affect key aspects of the crisis, such as the elections in June and July 2015.

The coup attempt of 13 May 2015, as EAC heads of state were discussing the crisis at an EAC summit in Dar es Salaam, widened splits along political lines between the member states and undermined a coherent stance and policies on Burundi.

04 Aug 2016 description

The African Union (AU) Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) has been active since 2007 – but the mission is struggling to fulfil its peace-support function and is dealing with a plethora of challenges, including an increasing number of attacks from al-Shabaab.

21 Jul 2016 description

In March, Kenya became one of 60 countries to have developed an action plan to support the implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325), on women, peace and security. Besides the principles of the 2010 Constitution, the action plan – like the resolution – focuses on four pillars, namely prevention; protection; participation and promotion; and relief and recovery.

17 Jun 2016 description

With just over a year to go before Kenya holds its next general elections, the political climate in the country seems to be reaching a peak.

The opposition’s so-called ‘Firimbi Movement’ (spear-headed by Parliamentary whistle-blowers from the Coalition for Reforms and Democracy, or CORD) has been conducting regular demonstrations in order to force the country’s Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) out of office. CORD accuses the IEBC of being biased, inept and corrupt, saying that the body should no longer be trusted to administer the upcoming 2017 elections.

07 Jan 2016 description

Kenyan non-governmental organisations (NGOs) head into 2016 facing a deeply uncertain future as their government intensifies its effort to crack down on an independent civil society. Between administrative harassment, legislative hurdles and a public campaign to tarnish their reputation, many NGOs are finding it harder and harder to perform their core function of holding the government to account.

16 Sep 2015 description

Dans ce numéro

■ À l’ordre du jour

Le Kenya a informé le CPS de son intention de fermer ou relocaliser le plus grand camp de réfugiés du monde, Dadaab, qui serait un foyer d’activité d’Al Shebab.

■ Analyse de situation

Le CPS s’est récemment rendu au Darfour, où les violences perdurent malgré les efforts des soldats de la paix de l’ONU et de l’UA.

■ Vues d’Addis

Les deux parties au conflit sud-soudanais n’ont pas été invitées aux discussions durant la visite du président américain Barack Obama en Éthiopie.

09 Sep 2015 description

In this issue

■ On the Agenda

Kenya has briefed the PSC on its plans to either close or relocate Dadaab, the world’s largest refugee camp. Kenya argues that Dadaab is a hotbed of al-Shabaab activity.

■ Situation Analysis

The PSC recently returned from a field mission to Darfur, where violence continues despite the presence of UN and AU peacekeepers.

■ Addis Insight

Both parties to the South Sudanese conflict were left out of the discussions during US President Barack Obama’s visit to Ethiopia.

07 Sep 2015 description

Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), Libya, South Sudan and Guinea Bissau were among the countries discussed by the Peace and Security Council (PSC) in August. The council also received reports on Sudan and on the United Nations (UN) review of peacekeeping missions.

01 Sep 2015 description

The Dadaab refugee camp complex in Kenya is home to over 400 000 refugees who have fled war and instability in neighbouring countries. The overwhelming majority are from Somalia. It is the world’s most populous refugee camp, but also a source of political tension and, according to Kenyan authorities, insecurity. Kenya has been advocating for Dadaab to be closed or relocated. However, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHRC) Head of Operations for Dadaab, Denis Alma Kuindje, this is easier said than done.