31 entries found
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31 Jul 2018 description

Whilst older people have special needs, they also have unique skills, experiences and roles within their families, communities and societies. These roles continue to a certain extent during droughts, though household burdens may increase as younger adults have migrated or are grazing livestock further away.

08 Dec 2016 description

Martina Ulrichs and Rachel Slater

In this BRACED working paper we present a synthesis of findings from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda on the role of social protection programmes in contributing to people’s capacity to absorb, anticipate and adapt to climate-related shocks and stresses.

14 Aug 2013 description

Resilience is now at the heart of development thinking, climate change adaptation and humanitarian policy. The 2011-2012 famine in the Horn of Africa and 2012 crisis in the Sahel revealed not only the vulnerability of pastoralist livelihoods in these regions, but also the high toll on development progress. These and other high impact events have led the international community to look for durable solutions that address the underlying drivers of risk, particularly for marginalised communities.

05 Jul 2013 description

The research and analysis presented in this paper assesses the role of Aid for Trade (AfT) in assisting the integration of agricultural producers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) into high-value agricultural global value chains (GVCs).

24 Apr 2013 description

This synthesis report presents qualitative and participatory research findings on beneficiary and community perceptions of five unconditional cash transfer programmes: two in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region (the Palestinian National Cash Transfer Programme (PNCTP) in Gaza and the West Bank, and the Social Welfare Fund (SWF) in Yemen); and three in sub-Saharan Africa (Kenya’s Cash Transfers for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC) programme, Mozambique’s Basic Social Subsidy Programme (PSSB), and Uganda’s Senior Citizen Grant (SCG), part of the Social Assistance Grants …

27 Jan 2013 description

The rising cost of humanitarian response, combined with repeated action and investment in a small number of targeted countries has led to renewed calls to change the way we address recurrent crises. In 2010, the amount of funding for emergency response was the highest on record, at $12.4 billion, and the joint agencies’ Consolidated Appeal Process stood at $11.2 billion (it’s highest figure ever, and double that of 2006) (Kellett and Sweeney, 2011: 63).

30 Oct 2012 description
  1. Population and General

There are approximately 20 million pastoralists across Sub-Saharan Africa. Pastoralists - people who depend primarily on livestock or livestock products for income and food- typically graze their animals on communally managed or open-access pastures, and move with them seasonally. Adding in agro-pastoralists-who derive 50 per cent of their income from non-livestock resources-the numbers reaches over 30 million in the Greater Horn of Africa (CAADP Policy Brief No.6, March 2012).


19 Sep 2012 description

The 2011 humanitarian crises in Somalia and across the Horn of Africa may be a distant memory to those outside the region, but last Friday the Department for International Development (DFID) received its report card for its response to the crisis from its examination board, the Independent Commission for Aid Impact (ICAI).

17 Sep 2012 description

*Little change to estimates of cereals harvests

Maize and wheat prices remain high, but may have peaked*


  • Estimates of cereal harvests have changed little from August to September. Further cuts to estimates of the already bad US maize harvest have been quite small.

  • Hence the sharp price rises seen in the maize and wheat markets in July have probably reached their limit — even if at more than US$320 a tonne for maize, US$365 a tonne for wheat, prices are high.

23 May 2012 description

The vision of social equity enshrined in Kenya's 2010 Constitution marks a break with the past. It aims to resolve practices and patterns of social exclusion and establishes the basis for a different narrative of state-society relations.

18 Nov 2011 description


The current drought in The East and Horn of Africa is estimated to have affected 13 million people, of which 4.5 million are Kenyans. Lives and livelihoods have been lost. It has also caused extensive debates on how to end drought emergencies. The discussions have hit media headlines and formed agendas of national and international conferences. A few of the issues that have cut across all these discussions are the acknowledgement that:

· While drought is an unavoidable natural phenomenon, it need not and should not lead to famine and other disasters.

08 Jul 2011 description

Wednesday, July 06, 2011 2:08 PM by Simon Levine

17 May 2011 description

Thursday, May 12, 2011 10:48 AM by Leni Wild

Recent events in the Arab world have had observers scrambling to identify the catalysts of social change. The role of social media has been placed at the heart of subsequent analysis but as an ODI/One World Media event on Monday evening highlighted, we should take care not to see it as the golden ticket to political or developmental progress.

28 Feb 2011 description

Yet again, Kenya is facing impending drought, and the drylands are already bearing the brunt. Around 3 million people are currently affected, and it is likely the situation will get worse over the coming months. Water and pasture is already in short supply – and as livestock get weaker and their market value decreases, pastoralists have less income to buy food. Malnutrition is rising as families skip meals, take on debts to buy food, and weak cattle are unable to produce vital milk. Families are withdrawing children from school as they migrate with their cattle to find water.

16 Dec 2010 description

This Working Paper seeks to determine the characteristics and relative importance of spatial factors in explaining household wealth. It is part of a series of ODI/CPRC working papers entitled 'Spatial poverty traps: what are they and what can be done about them?'.

13 Oct 2010 description

Authors: Steve Wiggins, Julia Compton and Sharada Keats

The issue of rising food prices came to international attention in early 2008. This document answers the following questions about the crisis and responses to it:

  • What has happened to food prices and why?
  • Why are food prices important & where can we find them?
  • How have countries and the international community responded?
  • The future