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Humanitarian needs are on the rise due to limited rain, displacement, lack of access to basic services and continuing conflict. Over one million people have been displaced due to drought and conflict in 2017, nearly two-thirds of these are under age 18. Deyr rains have been poor and approximately 50 per cent below average in most areas. Urgent and more sustainable mid to longer-term investment in reducing risk and vulnerability is required.
The Global Humanitarian Overview
Is the world’s most comprehensive, authoritative and evidence-based assessment of humanitarian needs;
Is based on detailed analysis of wide-ranging data from many different sources, and face-to-face interviews with hundreds of thousands of people directly affected by humanitarian crises across the globe;
I. INTRODUCTION AND KEY TAKEAWAYS
In October, fighting between government and opposition forces was reported in Kajo-keji (Central Equatoria), Mundri and Maridi (Western Equatoria), Koch and Guit (Unity) forcing thousands of people to flee their homes. Due to clashes in Kajo-keji, over 17,000 displaced people in Keriwa, Ajio and Logo camps re-displaced to new locations and across the border to Uganda. According to health partners, the deadly tropical disease kala-azar had killed at least 52 people and sickened 2,447 in South Sudan.
As of 31 October, United Nations-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$24.1 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 105.1 million particularly vulnerable people of an estimated 145 million crisis-affected people in 39 countries. The appeals are funded at $11.8 billion, leaving a shortfall of $12.3 billion. This is $1.5 billion less than the gap reported at the end of September 2017.
Extended drought continues in Somalia and 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.
An estimated 36.5 million people are facing crisis-level food insecurity and above (IPC Phase 3+) and need humanitarian assistance. This is a 18% increase compared to 30.9 million people one year ago. The main drivers include: repeated episodes of drought across the region; conflicts and insecurity; high staple food prices; and high refugee/IDPs movement across the region. The main areas of concern are: South Sudan; Burundi; southeastern Ethiopia; pastoral areas of Kenya, and parts of Somalia and DRC.
The food security and nutrition situation in Kenya has deteriorated significantly since March 2017, due to late onset and below-average March-May long rains, high staple food prices and the Fall Army Worm infestation.
A “National Integrated Food-Cash Relief Plan” was released on 5 October in an effort to streamline the ongoing humanitarian response in line with the new approach to food/cash relief assistance.
The Government and partners are developing an ‘HRD Status Update’, highlighting all outstanding 2017 HRD MYR requirements against revised sector requirements to address new needs since August.
In September, fighting and insecurity continued to force civilians out of their homes, particularly in Unity and Upper Nile. Many of those had been displaced several times in recent months. In Unity, fighting and insecurity in Koch, Mayendit, and Rubkona counties forced the relocation of aid workers, suspension of food distribution and medical evacuation of civilians. In Upper Nile, fighting in and around Aburoc, on the western bank of the River Nile, on 11 September, reportedly led to civilian deaths, displacement and forced the temporary relocation of aid workers.
The threat of famine in Somalia persists and humanitarian needs are expanding and deepening. Acute malnutrition levels are on the rise, including among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). Over 975,000 people have been displaced since the beginning of the year. Donors have provided swift assistance of over US$1.1 billion for famine prevention in 2017, enabling humanitarians to boost response. Additional resources are required to prevent famine in the last quarter of the year.
CERF enables fast, flexible and needs-based support for people affected by humanitarian emergencies. The UN General Assembly established the fund in 2005 to provide timely assistance in crises. Since its operational launch in 2006, CERF has developed a reputation for its ability to kick-start humanitarian action, scale up the response to emergencies and serve as a lifeline for people struggling to survive in the world’s most underfunded crises.
A radio station in South Sudan is broadcasting radio dramas, spot messages, short stories, Public Service Announcements (PSAs) and songs aimed at raising awareness of proper breastfeeding.
In August, the number of South Sudanese seeking refuge in neighboring countries reached the 2 million mark, the highest number of refugees since South Sudan gained independence in 2011. Of those, 1 million are in Uganda. In August, thousands fled fighting in Yei, Kajo-keji, Kapoeta North, Mundri West, Morobo and Maridi counties. More people also fled to Ethiopia and Sudan following clashes in Aburoc and Pagak in Upper Nile during the month.
People in the Arid and Semi-Arid (ASAL) Counties of Kenya are experiencing a food security and nutrition crisis as a result of a protracted drought that has undermined coping capacities and exacerbated vulnerabilities.
The threat of famine persists in Somalia following several consecutive failed rainy seasons. According to the FAO-managed FSNAU post-Gu assessment issued on 31 August, an estimated 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Thanks to generous contributions of more than US$1 billion for humanitarian action since the beginning of the year, operational agencies are reaching over 3 million people per month and famine has been averted so far.
New York, 18 August 2017): At an event today to mark World Humanitarian Day, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres called for global action to protect civilians trapped in armed conflict and joined UN staff to symbolically “stand together” with all those affected by conflict.