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16 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

The International Organization for Migration (IOM)continues to be actively involved in anumber of Migrants' Assistance projects and Human Mobility data collection activities in the Horn of Africa (HoA) and in the Arab Peninsula. This report aims atproviding an overview ofthe trends observed in thefirst halfof 2018 in theregion, across Ethiopia,Somalia, Djibouti, and Yemen.

13 Nov 2018 description

In October, a total of 29,558 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight increase in comparison with September when 26,112 movements were observed. The great majority of flows identified (64%) were incoming against 36% outgoing. Like for previous months, Harirad Flow Monitoring Point (Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia) recorded the highest levels of incoming flows, while Bossaso continued to record the highest number of outgoing flows. Migrants identified were mostly Somali (63%), Ethiopian (30%), and Djibutian (7%).

10 Nov 2018 description

Foreword from the Regional Director

"We commend the Government of Rwanda for passing its first-ever law relating to the “prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons and exploitation of others"

09 Nov 2018 description

Mohamed Noor Omar is counting his blessings. Just under a year ago, the 47-yearold was a struggling refugee with an uncertain future. But with support from UNHCR, he is now making a decent living out of his small fishing business in Mogadishu.

“By 6 a.m. in the morning, I am always deep in the sea casting my nets. I enjoy fishing,” says the 47-year-old with a grin. In a month, Mohamed can make about $280 after selling his fish at the local market - a tidy sum that easily caters for his daily needs.

09 Nov 2018 description

In October, 71,000 new displacements were monitored by the UNHCR-led PRMN, a slight increase compared to last months.
Half of the internally displaced came to Banadir from Lower Shabelle due to conflict.
In 2018 so far, PRMN has monitored 831,000 internal displacements due to conflicts, floods and drought. As of 31 August, there are estimated to be 2.6 million internally displaced people in Somalia.
As of October 2018, UNHCR registered 32,261 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia. Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.

09 Nov 2018 description

The number of refugees and migrants dying while attempting to seek asylum and migrate in an irregular manner to Europe and elsewhere remains high.
At least 1,000 people (including Somalis) have died this year on the Mediterranean Sea alone while thousands more have been rescued at sea.

To raise awareness on the dangers of these journeys, UNHCR in Somalia has launched a campaign dubbed “Telling the Real Story”. The campaign is part of a UNHCR global initiative, which targets a diverse group of people, mainly the youth who may consider embarking on such a journey.

07 Nov 2018 description

by Jeffrey Labovitz

Conflict, insecurity, political unrest and the search for economic opportunities continue to drive migration in the East and Horn of Africa. However, one of the biggest drivers of displacement is not related to war or the search for better jobs but rather to changing weather patterns. After five years of drought, more that 1.5 million people were uprooted from their homes as their soils slowly, year by year, dried and cracked.

01 Nov 2018 description

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

01 Nov 2018 description

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

31 Oct 2018 description

Rainfall expected to increase, signaling the full onset of the October to December seasonal rains

KEY MESSAGES

• The onset of the October to December seasonal rains during the first three weeks of October was generally erratic in terms of intensity and spatial and temporal distribution across East Africa.
The start of the Deyr was delayed one to three weeks in Somalia and parts of Ethiopia, most notably in the agropastoral livelihood zones of southern Somalia.

30 Oct 2018 description

With conditions improving in some parts of the country, Somali refugees continue to return from countries of asylum. UNHCR statistics indicate that over 121,000 people have voluntarily returned from ten countries of asylum since 2014. The countries include Kenya, Yemen, Djibouti, Libya, Tunisia and Eritrea. As of September 2018, UNHCR has registered 31,991 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia. Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.

25 Oct 2018 description

24 October 2018, Addis Ababa: As the world commemorates World Polio Day on October 24 2018, we, the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and Rotary International, reaffirm our commitment to stopping polio in the Horn of Africa.

17 Oct 2018 description

In September, a total of 26,212 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a significant decrease in comparison with August when 34,219 movements were observed; this decrease is attributed to the closure of five FMPs due to budgetary constraints as well as the decrease of movements in Bossasso and, to a lesser extent, Buuhoodle. The great majority of flows identified (68%) were incoming against 32% outgoing, reaching levels comparable to July 2018.

13 Oct 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

• Over the reporting period, a lower number of total 77 entries recorded compared to last week. No exits recorded this week.

• Majority of the new arrivals said that their reason for displacement into the IDP sites was due to Insecurity (65%). In addition, 17% cited shortage of food, and few other reasons for displacement.

13 Oct 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

  • 24 entries and zero exits recorded in Dolow IDPs camps. The number of entries decreased slightly compared to the previous week.

  • Majority of the new arrivals cited food as their reason for displacement (60%). The rest cited insecurity (40%).

  • All of the new arrivals came from Ethiopia as there were some tribal conflict between the Oromo and Somali community in the last two months.

13 Oct 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

• 317 entries and 11 exits reported across all the checkpoints this week. The trend shows a slight decrease on entries compared to last week. Few exits recorded this week, the lowest since March 2018. The small number of exits and high number of entries may be because of the end of harvest season where people are returning to the camps and few people are leaving.

• Reasons for displacement into the IDP sites: insecurity (75%), joining the rest of the family (16%) to seek better services (5%), to seek livelihood opportunities (4%)

09 Oct 2018 description

In August, a total of 34,219 individuals were recorded at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight decrease in comparison with July when 35,885 individuals were recorded. While the overall number of persons remained at similar levels, the percentage of inflows decreased in comparison with July (69% in July against 56% in August). Like in July, Harirad Flow Monitoring Point (Awdal region at the border with Ethiopia) continued to record the highest number of entries for August, while Bossaso continued to record the highest number of exits.