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31 Dec 2009 description

Highlights

Impact of Food Prices Rises On Malnutrition and Food Security

- International food and oil prices soared until further in 2008 and translated in varying degrees into higher domestic food prices causing food riots in over 30 countries. Even though food prices are falling on the global markets, surveillance showed that local prices have continued to increase or have remained at their inflated level in a number of vulnerable countries.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- Heavy downpours characterised this month's rainfall in the district, resulting in an average amount of 73.9mm of rainfall being recorded for an average 6.2 days compared to last month's 115.9 mm.

- Pasture improved greatly due to the rains, making distances to grazing areas also reduce by 38.1%. Livestock trekked shorter distances to graze, improving their body condition.

- Household access to water remained relatively easy compared to last month as they only had to walk a distance of 1.3km compared to last month's distance of 1.2km.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- he district received 35.2 mm of rainfall on average compared to 42.85 mm received in October. The amount was 63.17 per cent below the long-term mean average of 106.7 mm.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- The district received some rains, with Matuga recording 89 mm in 9 days, Msambweni recording 43.1mm in 7 days while Kinango received 86mm for 4 days. This was lower than the average expected trend of 2006 - 2008.

- The pasture quality and quantity was good due to the light showers received often.

- The livestock body condition was good because the pasture condition was good and water was available. No livestock from neighboring provinces was in the district.

- Pans, dams, other sources and boreholes remained the main sources of water in the district.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- The general drought condition across all the livelihood zones is rated alert/alarm and improving.

- The district continued to receive some erratic showers reported in all the livelihood zones.

- The water condition remained favorable as most of the traditional water sources continued to hold adequate amounts of water.

- The condition of natural vegetation continued to be favourable as most of the areas across the livelihood zones reported improved pasture and browse conditions.

- The livestock body and health conditions recovered from the effects of the …

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- There were some rains recorded during the first week of December although the intensity was less compared to the previous month.

31 Dec 2009 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Omnibus Appropriations Act of 2009, signed by President Obama on March 11, 2009, provided $75 million in agriculture funds targeted to food security. These funds provide essential continuity to programs begun in 2008 and allow new investments to build a foundation for the launch in 2010 of a broader long-term strategy to sustainably reduce hunger and malnutrition.

A larger food security strategy is currently being developed under the leadership of the Department of State.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- The district received between 40 and 120 mm of rainfall in December compared to the long term mean of between 30 and 100 mm.

- The rains received assisted in pasture and browse improvement as well as crop production both in the high and lowlands of Kieni.

- Water accessibility and availability both for household and livestock use was good as water harvesting techniques were enhanced at domestic level. Surface runoff water harvesting structures impounded adequate water and were at full capacity.

31 Dec 2009 description

Introduction

Since the beginning of the implementation of the Humanitarian Reforms in September 2005, WHO and partners have been working together both at the global/regional and country levels to improve the effectiveness, predictability and accountability of humanitarian health action.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Bulletin Summary

The Nzoia River Basin received above average rainfall in December 2009. Moderate to heavy rainfall occurred in the middle and towards the end of the month. In response the Nzoia river level at Rwambwa Bridge remained below the alert level of 2.8m for the whole month.

The entire Nzoia basin is expected to receive rainfall which is above the long term average in January 2010. In view of this, river levels are expected to gradually rise and may result into flooding.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya


- The district received rainfall during the month and the distribution was fair. The northwest divisions of Banane, Danyere and Mbalambala received very little rains while the rest of the divisions realised substantial amounts.

- The quality and quantity of pasture and browse continued to improve with high regeneration /regrowth of forage realized, thus improving the uptake for livestock and consequently reducing the trekking distances and enhancing faster livestock growth and reproduction.

31 Dec 2009 description

Program Description

The USAID Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) Kenya program started in June 2008 to help contribute to a stable Kenya. The program initially assisted state and non-state actors to enable broad-based recovery from the 2007-08 election-related violence and take prompt steps to address the underlying causes of instability. As Kenya has recovered from the near-term damage caused by that violence, the program has shifted its focus to stimulating and promoting political reform.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- Rains were reported in most parts of the district during the first week of the month. Spatial and temporal distribution was fair.

- Pasture and browse improvement was noted in all livelihood zones. Enhancement of pasture in the Agro-pastoral livelihood was as a result of inaccessibility due to insecurity in the area.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- Then month was the wettest during the short rains season, with heavy downpours experienced in the last two weeks in most parts of Tharaka North and Tharaka south districts. Such heavy rains are not normal for this month which marks cessation of October- December short rains. The ongoing rains may affect the quality of then mature crop in the field.

- Except for beans, crop performance was fairly good in all livelihood zones and harvesting of pulses such as green grams, beans and cowpeas was ongoing. Cereals were at grain filling and milk stages.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- The district recorded 53.02mm of rainfall, lower than 58.65mm during the previous month. The trend was downward and unexpected for such a time of the year.

- Pasture quantity and quality was poor and on a downward trend.

- Livestock body condition was poor and deteriorating. Fewer people sold their animals, so the prices increased slightly.

- Maize was at various stages of development, from weeding to tussling and was affected by poor rains.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- The month under review usually marks the end of the short rains season in the district. An average of 69.5mm of rain was received in December 2009 compared to 216mm in November, representing a 67.8% reduction. Most of the rain was received in the hinterlands of the district.

- Further improvement in the condition and availability of pasture and natural vegetation for livestock during the month across all livelihood zones was seen during the month.

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- No rainfall was received during the reporting month.

- The main sources of water for the month were River Daua, earth pans, underground water tanks, boreholes and shallow wells.

- Although dried earlier than normal, pasture is sufficient in most parts of the districts and is expected to be adequate in the next two to three months.

- Livestock body conditions were good for the month of December and this is attributed to good pasture and browse in most parts of the district.

- The pastoralists who had migrated with their livestock to Ethiopia during the …

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- Relatively cool and wet weather conditions prevailed across the district although the rainfall was poorly distributed.

- Weeding was the predominant agricultural activity in the district and food purchase prices remained high.

- Pasture and browse availability and accessibility were good, resulting in good livestock body conditions.

- No cases of livestock disease outbreaks were reported within the district.

- Water availability and accessibility was good as both permanent and seasonal water reservoirs recharged their water levels, thus reducing the …

31 Dec 2009 description
report Government of Kenya

Situation overview

- The district received an average 126mm of rainfall up from 46 mm previous month, this more than triples compared to same time long term average of 34.95mm. The short rains continued to pour and are within the normal quantities though sparsely distributed across the district.

- Cattle prices increased by 18% compared to long term average of year 2006-08, this month unlike previous month's increase at 6%.

31 Dec 2009 description

Recurrent seasons of failed or poor rains, sustained high food prices, environmental degradation, and flooding have exacerbated existing chronic poverty in Kenya and resulted in deteriorated livestock conditions, significantly disrupting pastoralist livelihoods and contributing to increased food insecurity and malnutrition.