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- Kenya: Floods - Jan 2013
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The purpose of this technical document is to provide health professionals in United Nations agencies, nongovernmental organizations, donor agencies and local authorities with up-to-date technical guidance on the major communicable disease threats faced by flood-affected populations.
The endemic and epidemic-prone diseases outlined have been selected on the basis of the burden of morbidity and mortality in the region, as previously documented by WHO.
During the month of December '06, the district continued receiving moderately heavy and well distributed rainfall. Lodwar Meteorological station recorded an average value of 57.7mm in December '06. This is slightly above its seasonal Long Term Means (LTM). However, it is lower than what was recorded for the month of November '06 (a value of 154.1 mm). In addition, Loareng'ak; Lochwaang'ikamatak and Loreng'elup rainfall stations recorded 39.6mm; 16.1mm and 4.2mm respectively.
The short rains which started in the month of October continued into the month of December. The intensity and distribution was heavy and well distributed to all the parts of the district. Due to heavy rains, most of the roads leading to the interior parts of the district remained inaccessible and the river caused devastating floods. Garissa meteorological station recorded 77.3mm. rainfall
There was tremendous improvement in the quality of pasture and browse throughout the district. This was due to the above average rainfall received in the entire district.
Short rains extended during the month and impacted positively on vegetation rejuvenation in most areas with exception of Elbarta plains in Baragoi division that realized below normal rains. Ongoing rains reversed the drought situation. The existing road infrastructures have continuously been damaged by ongoing rains leading to impassability in particular areas along Maralal-Nyahururu route.
Forage conditions normalized across the district except in Elbarta plains where the rains were below normal; both pastures and browse conditions have improved.
3.0 SITUATION OVERVIEW
The flooding problem in the District subsided except the areas along Ewaso Nyiro River. The rains also stopped during the 3rd Dekad of December 2006. The DSG constituted two teams to conduct an assessment on the current District situation. A detailed report on the assessment will be sent to stakeholders but in brief they made the following observations:
The rains caused high-speed flash floods that caused devastating effect and displaced many households.
En el origen del proyecto que ha dado lugar a la creación del Observatorio de la Acción Humanitaria percibíamos la necesidad de hacer un seguimiento estable de la acción humanitaria en nuestro país, compartiendo un sentimiento muy extendido por aquellos que buscan la mejora del trabajo solidario a través de la reflexión, la discusión franca y la crítica (y autocrítica). Con esa intención los Informes anuales, iniciados con el análisis de 2003, pretenden ir cubriendo ese hueco, con clara vocación de permanencia y de apertura a la colaboración con la comunidad humanitaria española.
Short rains were received in the early part of the month in the entire district.
Water is adequate and available in the district.
Pasture quality and quantities was better in all the divisions.
Main sources of water during the month were major earth pans, underground tanks, river Daua and boreholes.
Floods affected 15, 996 farm families in irrigated cropping with estimated population of 95,976 directly and similar figures affected indirectly.
Livestock body condition was better in the divisions & conditions better during the month of …
Rainfall has progressed well in the district though there were areas which received amounts above normal. These include Kiamathaga, Kabaru and Endarasha.
Beans and potato yield might be affected in these areas due to the large amounts of rainfall.
Pasture condition is good at this time of the year and is expected to last up to the end of February.
There is an upsurge animals affected by mastitis due to hygiene during this rainy period.
Pastoral and Agro-pastoral livelihood zones (Kirindon, Lolgorian and parts of Kilgoris & Pirrar divisions)
The areas recorded more than 12 rainy days on average, more than the previous month, well spread in time and space. The water situation for both livestock & people was good and the trend was upward.
Pasture quantity was fair and reliable up and the livestock body condition was good. Milk situation was fair and improving. Maize price was low but increasing.
The month in review was wet throughout with heavy rains pounding all the divisions
Livestock body condition is good and is likely to improve further following the rains
Except for worms and a few cases of three days sickness, ECF and CBPP there were no major livestock diseases reported in the district during the review period
Foot rot among the smaller stock has also been reported in Loita, Mara, Osupuko and Central divisions
Calving and lambing was reported to have improved in the district however the rate is still below normal due to a decrease of the …
The district was hot and wet with good rainfall although.
Pastures are plenty but poor in quality.
Farmers are weeding as the crops are flowering/tussling/podding.
Maize and beans are tussling /flowering for those who planted early (November).
Heavy rainfall has led to stunted growth (crops) in some parts of the district.
Water scarcity have ceased following the onset of rains in the district.
Water bodies i.e.rivers, dams and water pans are full due to heavy rains.
Nutritional status for the under fives continued to improve throughout the …
All parts of the district continued to report some rains. During the month, the rainfall figures from the existing stations recorded a minimum of 80mm. The coastal areas however reported above normal rains during the month.
There is a remarkable improvement on the water situation as all the water sources have accumulated substantial amounts of water.
The vegetation quality is rated fair as pasture has regenerated while browse and large trees sprouted and turned green in all parts of the district.
Pastures and browse improved in the whole district.
Rains still continued through out the month.
Floods destroyed crops in Lamuria division.
Rural economy indicator.
Prices of cattle and sheep are going up.
Human welfare indicators
Nutrition status of children under five is improving.
EMOP continued to give relief food to the affected population in the district.
Veterinary department is carrying out branding and vaccination.
1. Environmental indicators
Moderate to heavy rainfall was received in most parts of the district by the close of the month of December 2006.
Water availability and accessibility for livestock, agriculture and domestic use was good compared to the previous month. Distance to and from watering points was within the Normal radii of less than 3km.
In the month under review, there was continuation of rains from the short rains season. The first week of the month record good rains in most parts of the district.
Cereal prices remained fairly stable compared to previous month.
Pastoralist term of trade was favorable in terms of increasing livestock price rates compared to the same time of the year.
Food stability is positively improving as far as livestock productivity is concerned.
The food security situation is fair and better than last month. The Emop food distribution for November was able to reach the beneficiaries over December. This was a big relief to the community members as roads were impassable and shops were lacking basic food commodities.
However, the prices of basic items kept on escalating beyond normal expectations. This was so especially for sugar and charcoal. This is not normal as compared to previous normal season in a normal year.
The body condition of livestock species kept on improving for all species.
Note: Map production date estimated.
Note: Map productin date estimated.