Appeals & Response Plans
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2018
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Kenya: Floods - Apr 2016
- Kenya: Floods - Nov 2015
- Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2015
- Kenya: Drought - 2014-2018
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Horn of Africa: Polio Outbreak - May 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Mar 2013
- Kenya: Floods - Jan 2013
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The Karamojong live astride the borders of Uganda, Sudan, Kenya, and Ethiopia. The estimated 1.4 million members of the pastoral and agro-pastoral ethnic groups who constitute what is known as the Karamoja Cluster mostly share a common language and culture. They have long been politically and economically marginalized and exploited. Successive colonial and post-independence regimes have failed to understand the root causes of cattle raiding and arms trafficking in the region or to seek any non-violent responses to endemic violence and anarchy.
- During the month of December 2007, dry and hot weather condition prevailed; erratic showers were received in parts of Isenya (10.4 mm-5days), Namanga (25.0mm-4days); Upper Ngong (8.3mm-4days) and high potential areas of Loitokitok (80.0 mm-5days).
- Pastoral areas of Magadi, Loitokitok (Lenkism, parts of Mbirikani, and Kimana), Isenya, Ngong, Namanga, Central and Mashuru remained dry and hot.
- Water availability and accessibility remained poor; distance to and from watering points averaged 20-30km.
- Rains in the district have declined to an average of 8.7 mm compared to an average of 12mm recorded the previous month.
- Spatial and temporal distribution was good in all livelihood zones with the exception of the northern parts of the Agro pastoral zone (northern parts of Mutuati, Tigania north, and Laare divisions)
- Natural vegetation and pasture quality and quantity have improved compared to the previous month.
- Natural rivers have been the main sources of water over the last four weeks
- Water quality has improved due to declined siltation
- Moderate rainfall was received in all pastoral and agro pastoral livelihood zones. Seasonal rainfall during the month virtually benefited the entire district.
- The quality and quantity of browse and pasture had improved virtually in the entire district as a result of the rains thus making satellite herds in the Boni forest to move northwards.
- Small, medium and large water pans contained fair quantities of water.
- In December 2007, the amount of rainfall received across the greater Turkana district was negligible. LODWAR meteorological station recorded a value of 0.5mm, which is lower than the value of 3.5mm recorded in November. This is far much lower than 8.0mm recorded for the same period of referenced (00- 04) year.
- Decline in quality and quantity of pasture has been noted at the lowland wet season grazing areas. The browse conditions have also deteriorated.
- The short rain season has just ended. The average amount of rainfall collected was 38 mm for 4 days.
District situation overview:
- There was no rainfall during the month under review with a mean temperature of over 35.0 C, indicating the onset of the dry season and end of short rain season.
- Availability of milk have improved slightly owing to improved pastures generated in the last rain season and the price of the milk per 750mm bottle reduced to Kshs 35 from kshs 60 /= in Wajir town and as low as 22 kshs in the rural areas, especially in areas like sarman,khorof harar,bute,danaba and Arbajahan.
- Pasture condition is fair to good in most parts of the district especially in …
Pastoral and Agro-pastoral livelihood zones (Kirindon, Lolgorian and parts of Kilgoris & Pirrar divisions) -
- Recorded about 4 rainy days on average, similar to that of the previous month, not well spread in time and space. The water situation (for both livestock & people) was worsening. Milk production was low, attributed to the declining water and pasture levels.
- Pasture quantity was low and the livestock body condition was still fair. The trend was downward and similar to that of the previous months.
- The month marks the cessation of the Oct-Dec short rains, which have been gauged as below normal in some parts, mainly the marginal mixed faming livelihood zones. Crop performance ranged between good and poor, despite this being the season most depended upon.
- Forage availability and accessibility was normal in the month remained normal, whereby livestock gazed within the normal grazing grounds. Water situation however is abnormal in the marginal mixed farming livelihood zones of Kathagacini, Maragwa and Kanjoro where least amounts of rainfall were received.
- The district experienced some scattered showers in the month under review but was not sufficient to sustain meaningful crop growth or rejuvenate the already withered crops in most areas of the district.
- The district, however, had adequate pasture and natural vegetation during the month. Available pasture will last between 1 and two months
- Natural rivers, dams and pans were the main water sources in the last four weeks for both livestock and domestic use.
- The amount of rainfall received across the livelihood zones reduced
- The distribution was also less scattered compared to last month
- The rainfall received on average was 13.95mm compared to 32.5mm the previous month
- The rain season set in late and seems to have ended earlier than expected
- so far there no water conflicts and rivers remain the major water sources
- rainfall in the upper catchment zones has stabilized this condition
- food stocks are however reducing at the household level most farmers are in their second weeding …
- The District has not received any rainfall over the last month and is facing acute water shortage.
- The food security situation is likely to deteriorate further in the district due to below normal rainfall for merti and Sericho division where no rainfall was received.
- Livestock body condition is stable in all areas.
- Pasture and browses are depleting faster than usual in central and kina division.
- There were no rains received during the month under review.
- Water is available in most part of the district, although there are areas with stresses especially Karo,Farey,Bambo,Kubi onley,Garse,Kamor liban,Omar jillow,Ola,Chir chir,Elele,Kob adhadi,Sake,Guba,Kabo,Qarsa damo, and Tinfa.
- The main sources of water for the month of December were Earth pans, Boreholes, Underground water tanks, River Daua, and Shallows wells.
- On security issues there was conflict at Dusey near Jabibar where two peace elders were killed and four others persons killed at …
- The short rain season that set in early in the lowlands and the lower Parts of the plateau in late October and continued to the mid November, continued in some lowland areas particularly Wamba division in the course of the reporting month. The season's rains continue to be characterized by both poor temporal and spatial distribution and are generally light and erratic.
- Light showers continued in some parts of the district in the early part of the month under review.
- There is plenty of high quality forage in most parts of the district except the Northern divisions.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Louise Arbour, today expressed her deep concern about continued violence following election results in Kenya that has resulted in numerous reported fatalities, injuries and destruction of property.
Observers in the capital reported violence by protestors and incidents of excessive use of force by Kenyan security forces. "The Government must abide by its international human rights obligations in responding to demonstrations," said the High Commissioner. "This includes holding police accountable for their actions.
(Nairobi) Amnesty International is concerned about reports that dozens of people have been killed in different parts of Kenya, many by police bullets, during protests against alleged fraud in the general elections held three days earlier.
Addis Ababa, 31 December 2007- The African Union Commission is seriously preoccupied with the recent happening in Kenya due to the presidential elections as well as the violence that followed the announcement of the results.