Poursuite des opérations de lutte le long de la côte de la mer Rouge
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin est restée préoccupante durant la majeure partie de février le long des deux rives de la mer Rouge avec la poursuite de la reproduction de la deuxième génération en Égypte, au Soudan, en Érythrée et en Arabie saoudite, entraînant la formation de nouveaux groupes de larves et d’ailés, ainsi que de bandes et d’essaims. Les opérations de lutte se sont poursuivies dans tous les pays, avec 80 000 ha traités.
Natural hazards, such as droughts, earthquakes, floods, wildfires, and extreme winter weather, affect a range of countries in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Protracted conflict and limited governmental disaster management capacity in many EMCA countries compound the risks associated with natural disasters. Furthermore, environmental degradation and rapid urban growth in some countries have led to overcrowding and settlement in hazard-prone areas.
Throughout the Middle East region last week, overall instances of battles continued to decrease, while remote violence events, such as airstrikes and IED attacks, also decreased following a two-month upward trend. Despite this, reported fatalities increased significantly, especially in Yemen, where the above trends were reversed. Demonstration events, meanwhile, decreased across all countries in the region.
General situation during February 2019
Forecast until mid-April 2019
Control operations continue along the Red Sea coast
Throughout the Middle East region last week, instances of battles continued to decrease, while remote violence events such as airstrikes and IED attacks increased, particularly in Syria. This trend has been ongoing since approximately the beginning of 2019. Reported fatalities remained at a level similar to the previous week, decreasing only slightly. Meanwhile, demonstrations decreased overall, with the exception of Iran, where labour demonstrations against unpaid salaries and job insecurity were widespread.
The killing of Palestinian protesters by Israeli forces in Gaza and the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in a Saudi Arabian consulate glaringly illustrated the unaccountability of Middle Eastern and North African states that resorted to lethal and other violence to repress dissent.
Throughout the Middle East region last week, instances of battles continued to decrease, while remote violence events such as airstrikes and IED attacks increased. This trend has been ongoing since approximately the beginning of 2019. Reported fatalities remained relatively low despite increasing slightly from the previous week. Demonstrations meanwhile increased significantly from the previous week, notably in Bahrain, Iran, Turkey, and Palestine.
Throughout the Middle East region last week, instances of battles continued to decrease, dropping to their lowest levels of 2018 and 2019. Reported fatalities were likewise at their lowest for this period. This drop can be partly attributed to reduced fighting between Syrian Democratic Forces (QSD) and the Islamic State (IS) in the Deir-ez-Zor governorate of Syria. Demonstrations have also decreased slightly across the region, notably in Iran.
Protracted complex emergencies and natural disasters, including drought, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Between FY 2009 and FY 2018, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Throughout the Middle East region last week, instances of battles, remote violence, and demonstrations have all decreased. As a result, reported fatalities have dropped significantly since the previous week. This drop can mostly be attributed to Syria, where the high casualty operation against the Islamic State (IS) in Deir-ez-Zor governorate is seemingly coming to a close.
Throughout the Middle East region last week, instances of remote violence have continued their upward trend since the beginning of January. At the same time, battles have consistently decreased within the same time period. Overall, reported fatalities from these events have decreased only slightly. These trends are mostly a result of actions within Syria and Yemen. Elsewhere, riots and protests have also decreased somewhat, most notably in Bahrain.
Throughout the Middle East region last week, the number of battles has continued to decrease as part of a trend since the beginning of the new year. At the same time, instances of remote violence have increased slightly. In Yemen and Saudi Arabia, there was a sharp increase in reported fatalities not seen elsewhere in the region. Moreover, the number of riots and protests have remained relatively consistent with recent weeks, although there was a noticeable increase in Lebanon, reminiscent of the late December 2018 agitation (Washington Post, 23 December 2018).
Throughout the Middle East region last week, political violence and reported fatalities decreased since the week prior, the latter significantly. This decline can be attributed for the most part to Syria, where, among other things, Islamic State (IS) activity has dropped due to recent successes against the group in Hajin. Meanwhile, riots and protests have generally remained consistent with previous weeks.
Instances of political violence have been on an upward trend since 16 December 2018, with both battles and remote violence rising by approximately 25 and 65 percent, respectively. At the same time, demonstrations decreased overall in the latter half of December; however, despite this reduction, unrest against economic and labour conditions spread throughout the region during this period – most surprisingly to Oman where such reports are quite rare. In both Iraq and Lebanon, yellow vests were worn by many demonstrators as part of a movement in solidarity with French protesters.
There was a significant drop in reported fatalities throughout the Middle East region last week, primarily along the battlefronts in Syria and Yemen. This drop is possibly due to a less substantial decrease in instances of remote violence (airstrikes, shelling), combined with Syrian Democratic Forces’ (QSD) territorial gains in the Hajin enclave. Meanwhile, regional demonstrations have continued to rise, particularly in Palestine, Iran, and Bahrain.
Marlyn Valdez/William Meoño
Escuintla (Guatemala) 12 dic (AGN).- La señora Sara Netanyahu, esposa del primer ministro de Israel, Benjamín Netanyahu, acompañada de la primera dama de Guatemala, Patricia Marroquín de Morales, colocó hoy la primera piedra de un proyecto de 45 casas que construirá su país para damnificados por la erupción que registró el pasado 3 de junio el volcán deFuego.
El complejo habitacional que se llamará “Guatelinda”, se levantará en el casco urbano de la cabecera departamental de Escuintla, en el sur del país.
This overview document presents 766 safety, security and access incidents affecting aid delivery in 13 countries and territories in the MENA region between January 2017 and June 2018. The report is based on incidents identified in open sources and reported by Aid in Danger partner agencies using the Security in Numbers Database (SiND). The focus is on countries where possible changing or emerging risks can be identified. The total number of reported incidents below reflects the willingness of agencies to share information. It is neither a complete count nor representative.
by Jack Durrell
Climate change threatens the viability of agriculture, ecosystems, and rural livelihoods in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). In a region where agriculture is a critical source of employment and income, environmental degradation, and declining and more variable productivity, could potentially cause significant displacements, posing challenges in a region already beset by instability.