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06 Dec 2018 description

Current major event

Transition from EWARN to routine surveillance

A three days workshop was conducted in Damascus, Syria from 8-10 August 2018 to disseminate findings of Early Warning Alert and Response Network (EWARN) evaluation in Syria. Participants included Ministry of Health (MOH) staff and technical EWARN officers. During this workshop the question of how and when to transition from EWARN to routine surveillance was examined.

Editorial note

05 Dec 2018 description
report REACH Initiative


Baquba district is located in the southwest of Diyala governorate. The capital of the district, and of the governorate, is Baquba city, which is situated approximately 60 kilometres northeast of Baghdad. The assessed area covers a cluster of villages situated between 45 and 25 kilometres south of Baquba city (see Map 1). There are no reliable estimates of the population of Baquba city or Baquba district. In 2007, estimates of the population of the district ranged from 135,291 to 627,000 individuals.

05 Dec 2018 description


Throughout its history, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement has been closely associated with life-saving assistance, surgical operations, physical rehabilitation, reconstructive surgery, psychosocial support, safer behaviour in environments contaminated by weapons and other efforts to assist the wounded. In times of conflict, this is commonly referred to “war surgery”.

05 Dec 2018 description

by Jack Durrell

Executive Summary

Climate change threatens the viability of agriculture, ecosystems, and rural livelihoods in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). In a region where agriculture is a critical source of employment and income, environmental degradation, and declining and more variable productivity, could potentially cause significant displacements, posing challenges in a region already beset by instability.

05 Dec 2018 description

As of 31 October, DTM identified 1,866,594 IDPs (311,099 families) who were displaced after January 2014, dispersed across 104 districts, 18 governorates and 3,363 locations in Iraq. For the same period, DTM also identified 4,113,624 returnees (685,604 families) across 8 governorates, 29 districts and 1,568 locations. Data collection for round 106 took place from 1 October to 31 October 2018 across 18 governorates.

05 Dec 2018 description

Throughout the Middle East region last week, reported fatalities dropped significantly – totalling about half of what was reported at the beginning of November. This drop may be related to a dip in reported battles; however, instances of remote violence have risen at the same time. In several countries, demonstrations made up the bulk of events, mostly related to economic or political concerns. In Yemen and Syria, the battle lines have remained relatively static, while in the latter the recent peace talks in Astana have yielded uncertain results.

05 Dec 2018 description

Deaths from terrorism fall 44%, but terrorism remains widespread

05 Dec 2018 description


As per the IOM-led DTM report, 1.87 million IDPs and 4.11 million Returnees have been identified across the country, from January 2014 tost October 2018.
The number of IDPs keep decreasing (from 2.6 million, end of Dec.’17 to 1.87 million, end of Oct.’18); while the numbers of returnees has increased (from 3.2 million, end of Dec.’17 to 4.11 million, end of Oct.’18).

05 Dec 2018 description
map iMMAP

After the official victory to oust the ISIS announced in December 2017, the residents from liberated areas still fear the unstable security situations as the re-emergence of ISIS groups and sleeper cells are now more active than before and they constitute a major menace in their areas. The process of returning IDPs has begun on a scant scale and a big portion is still unable and unwilling to return due to the contamination and huge damage incurred to the infrastructure in their living areas.