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24 May 2018 description
infographic World Food Programme


According to the World Bank, following a contraction of close to 2% in 2015, the Iranian economy bounced back sharply in 2016 at an estimated rate of 6.4%. With the second in the world natural gas reserves and fourth crude oil reserves, Iranian economy heavily depends on hydrocarbon sector. The new sanctions imposed by the US government are expected to reduce the demand of Iranian oil in the international market, thus heavily affect the country economy.

23 May 2018 description

Civilians were majority of casualties from anti-vehicle mines in 2017

The Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) have released a new global report of anti-vehicle mine incidents in 2017. The report records a 15 per cent increase in casualties from anti-vehicle mines in 2017, compared to 2016.

22 May 2018 description


  • 837 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan

  • 21,051 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran

  • 14,574 total returns from Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018

  • 284,727 total returns from Iran since 01 Jan 2018

  • 94% of returnees from Pakistan (784 individuals) assisted

  • 4% of returnees from Iran (911 individuals) assisted

Situation Overview

22 May 2018 description

Significant demonstrations were reported across a number of Middle Eastern countries last week, including in Iraq following its elections; in Palestine, especially in Gaza, over the US embassy move to Jerusalem; in Israel, Jordan, and Turkey, in response to the recent use of force against demonstrators in Gaza; and in Iran, where economic issues continue to motivate protests. Meanwhile in Syria, Damascus and its suburbs were fully recaptured last week, and Syrian government forces appear poised for a new offensive in Dar’a province.

22 May 2018 description

Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 27,482 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea through the first 20 weeks of 2018, with about 38 per cent arriving in both Italy and Greece, with the remainder (23%) arriving in Spain.

This compares with 58,921 arrivals across the region through the same period last year and about 190,977 at this time in 2016.

In other words: Mediterranean arrivals at this point in 2018 are running at under half last year’s level on this date, and less than 15 per cent of 2016’s volume at this point in the year.

22 May 2018 description
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Pashto version

Key issues in the past week:

• Fighting in Baghlan and Ghazni provinces temporarily displaced more than 20,000 people.

• Flash floods in seven provinces affected more than 16,000 people.

• 13,000 people affected by the drought, flash floods or an earthquake received assistance.

• Health facilities in two districts of Uruzgan have been closed for two weeks due to active conflict.

27,000 New IDPs reported in the past week

42,000 People assisted in the past week

22 May 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund


• In April, UNICEF signed key partnerships with the central and local authoritiesto provide refugee children with protection services, ensure the rights of children in contact with the law, and expand targeted socioeconomic, educational and psycho-social services for child workers.

21 May 2018 description


The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) is a system that tracks and monitors displacement and population mobility. It is designed to regularly and systematically capture, process and disseminate information to provide a better understanding of the movements and evolving needs of displaced populations, whether on site or en route. For more information about the DTM, please visit www.displacement.iom.int/afghanistan.

18 May 2018 description
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Political Violence & Protests in the Middle East, 2018

Both Lebanon and Iraq held elections last week, with the number of riots and protests as well as election-related violence rising, respectively, in each case. Demonstrations in Iran were focused on “Teacher’s Week” while a smaller subset of demonstrations were focused on the United States’ pulling out of the Iran nuclear deal. Demonstrations were held in Pealstine and Jordan relating to the US embassy move to Jerusalem, with Monday’s widely-publicized events in Gaza falling outside of last week’s coding period (see here for more information on this topic).

16 May 2018 description


1,519 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan

21,176 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran

13,737 total returns from Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018

263,676 total returns from Iran since 01 Jan 2018

93% of returnees from Pakistan (1,420 individuals) assisted

5% of returnees from Iran (971 individuals) assisted

Situation Overview

16 May 2018 description
report METAdrasi

METAdrasi facilitates the communication of healthcare services with refugees and migrants

A three-year-old boy from Iran is in a hospital in Athens. The doctors are ready to proceed with urgent surgery, in order to save his life. It is indispensable that his parents - who do not speak well either Greek or English - are informed and give their consent. Time is valuable.

Proper communication between the child’s parents and the medical staff before, during and after the surgery, as well as within the period of recovery, is of vital importance…

15 May 2018 description

By Daria Sito-Sucic and Dado Ruvic

SARAJEVO/BIHAC, May 15 (Reuters) - Bosnia is struggling to cope with the arrival of thousands of migrants and refugees, many of whom are sleeping in parks in the capital and other towns as they seek passage into western Europe.

The country's asylum centre has 200 beds and 80 to 150 people have arrived each day this month, Security Minister Dragan Mektic said on Monday.

Read the full report on Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation.

14 May 2018 description


  • 3,199 new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia on 13 May. 2,795 (i.e. 87%) were accommodated in 18 governmental centres. Around 400 were still observed outside of centres: around 200 in Belgrade City and some 200 camping close to borders with Croatia or Hungary.