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Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- Vulnerable and abandoned: How the Greek reception system is failing to protect the most vulnerable people seeking asylum
- Greece Sea Arrivals Dashboard (December 2018)
- UNHCR Greece Cash Assistance Update (December 2018)
- Thousands of asylum-seekers moved off Greek islands
- Greece Aegean Islands Weekly Snapshot: 7 -13 January 2019
Sea arrivals peaked this month with 4,000 people. Land arrivals through Evros also increased to 1,400. Some mainland camps are overcrowded while the situation is worse in islands’ reception centres, especially those of Samos and Lesvos. The dire conditions can have serious consequences for asylumseekers’ health, safety and protection, especially for children and other vulnerable people. The Government partners increased accommodation in the mainland and transferred more people from the islands with UNHCR’s support.
Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 20,948 refugees and migrants arrived in Italy by sea, an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (105,418). In September 2018, just under 950 refugees and migrants reached Italian shores, an 85 per cent reduction compared to 6,291 sea arrivals in September 2017. Monthly sea arrivals numbers in September 2018 were the lowest since February 2013.
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 20,948 persons arrived in Italy by sea, an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (105,418). In September 2018, 947 persons reached Italian shores, most commonly departing from Tunisia. This is a significant reduction compared to the almost 6,300 refugees and migrant arrivals recorded at landing points in southern Italy in September 2017. The number of monthly sea arrivals in September 2018 is the lowest recorded since February 2013.
Overview and developments
Geneva, 11 October 2018 – The Governing Board of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has voted to suspend the membership of the Hellenic Red Cross. The suspension of membership will come into force on 1 January 2019 if Hellenic Red Cross is unable to address concerns related to its governance.
IFRC has been asked to develop a transition plan over the next three months to ensure that services to vulnerable communities do not suffer.
On an eastern frontier of the European Union, people are whisked back to Turkey before they can claim asylum in Greece.
Linda, a 19-year-old Syrian and registered refugee, had just crossed from Turkey into Greece at the Evros River when men carrying guns appeared, seemingly out of nowhere. She wasn’t sure if they were police officers or soldiers, but they emerged from behind trees and wore dark uniforms that helped them blend into the night.
Athens – From 1 July through 5 October IOM, the UN Migration Agency, provided safe accommodation to 2,272 vulnerable migrants and refugees who were transferred from the North-eastern Aegean islands to mainland facilities by the Greek government. Some 889 children, 393 girls and 496 boys were among those relocated from the islands in efforts to ease the strain on island capacity and hardship for these groups.
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 86,436 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 7 October, with 39,445 to Spain, the leading destination this year. In fact, since late September’s arrivals were reported, Spain in 2018 has now received via the Mediterranean more irregular migrants than it did throughout all the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 combined.
The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 140,272 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 318,207 at this point in 2016.
In September, 54,545 eligible refugees and asylum-seekers (26,165 families) received cash assistance in Greece, in 97 locations.
This week, 926 people arrived on the Aegean islands, an increase from last week’s 418 arrivals and from last year’s 911 arrivals during the same period.
The average daily arrivals this week equalled 132, compared to 60 in the previous week.
Population on the Islands
Nearly 17,500 refugees and migrants reside on the Aegean islands. The majority of the population on the Aegean islands are from Afghanistan (24%), Iraq (22%) and Syria (19%).
Unless Europe urgently steps up its support to tens of thousands of refugees in Greece, harsh winter conditions may claim lives of vulnerable families living in squalid conditions.
"We're facing a preventable human catastrophe. The refugee camp in Lesvos is bursting beyond capacity, and conditions are worsening by the week. As many as 150 people have arrived on a single day," said the Director for the Norwegian Refugee Council's expert deployment capacity, NORCAP, Benedicte Giæver, who visited Greece last week.
The majority of those returned to Turkey are Pakistani nationals (38 percent of total). Syrians constitute 19 percent of the total number of those returned, and are followed by Algerians, Afghans and Bangladeshis.
In total, 337 Syrians have been returned to Turkey to date. 36 of them have been returned on the basis that their asylum claims were found inadmissible at 2nd instance.
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 84,345 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 3 October, with 38,451 to Spain, the leading destination this year.
The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 139,677 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 312,153 at this same point in 2016. Deaths on the Mediterranean remain high, at 1,777. However, that figure is well below fatalities recorded at this time last year (2,749) or 2016 (3,682).
Greece: "As women, we have to fight to achieve our rights”
By Lene Christensen Social Media Manager at Amnesty International
There is a phrase that Soraya, a 24 year old woman from Afghanistan, repeats to herself and her friends, especially on days that feel darker than others:
“Remember that in front of you, there is a door. If you open this door, you will see light. You just have to reach that door.”
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
This week, 418 people arrived on the Aegean islands, a decrease from last week’s 667 arrivals and from last year’s 726 arrivals during the same period.
The average daily arrivals this week equalled 60, compared to 95 in the previous week.
Population on the Islands
Yasha Maccanico, Ben Hayes, Samuel Kenny
Francesco Martone, Hannah Twomey, Denis Burke
How the European Union and Member States target and criminalize defenders of the rights of people on the move
According to the compilation of available data from national authorities and IOM offices, a total of 87,776 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe between January and August 2018. Estimated 79 per cent of the overall population crossed the Mediterranean Sea (69,614), mainly using the Western Mediterranean route which leads to Spain where 33,912 new arrivals were registered between January and August 2018.