Maps & Infographics
Headlines (last 30 days)
- HRW: Camp conditions endanger women, girls on Lesbos Island. 5 Dec 2019
- Tdh: New Greek migration plans put mental health and well-being of children at risk. 29 Nov 2019
- UNHCR: UN refugee chief urges action over conditions for asylum-seekers on Greek island. 28 Nov 2019
Most read reports
- UNHCR: UNHCR Europe Monthly Report (October 2019). 11 Dec 2019
- UNICEF: UNICEF Gender-based Violence Programme: Greece – Refugee and Migrant Response (November 2019). 11 Dec 2019
- UNHCR: Greece Aegean Islands Weekly Snapshot: 02 - 08 December 2019. 10 Dec 2019
- CRS: UNHCR Greece Cash Assistance Update (November 2019) [EN/EL]. 9 Dec 2019
- UNHCR: Greece: Population breakdown in ESTIA Accommodation Scheme (As of 10 December 2019). 10 Dec 2019
Last week, demonstration events increased across the Balkans, Southeastern Europe and Eastern Europe over a wide range of local and national issues. Notable developments were increased opposition against hosting migrants in Greece, protests ahead of the elections in Belarus, and nationwide protests in Ukraine over the death of an anti-corruption activist.
In October, the number of detections of illegal border crossings on Europe’s main migratory routes fell 17% from the previous month to around 16 800 due to a drop in arrivals on the Greek islands in the eastern Aegean. The total on all European migratory routes for the first 10 months of 2019 was 16% lower at 107 900.
By Phillip Connor and Jeffrey S. Passel
Europe has experienced a high level of immigration in recent years, driving debate about how countries should deal with immigrants when it comes to social services, security issues, deportation policies and integration efforts. Among these recently arrived immigrants are many who live in Europe without authorization. Coupled with unauthorized immigrants who were already in Europe, their numbers reach into the millions, though together they make up a small share of Europe’s total population.
The majority of those returned to Turkey are Pakistani nationals (37 percent of total). Syrians constitute 18 percent of the total number of those returned, and are followed by Algerians, Afghans and Iraqis.
In total, 359 Syrians have been returned to Turkey to date. 41 of them have been returned on the basis that their asylum claims were found inadmissible at 2nd instance.
Of all those returned, 44 percent did not express a will to apply for asylum or withdrew their will to apply for asylum or withdrew their asylum claims in Greece.
This week, 1,088 people arrived on the Aegean islands, a decrease from last week’s 2,411 arrivals but an increase from last year’s 497 arrivals during the same period.
The average daily arrivals this week equalled 155, compared to 344 in the previous week.
Population on the Islands
Some 35,350 refugees and migrants reside on the Aegean islands. The majority of the population on the Aegean islands are from Afghanistan (39%), Syria (20%) and the Democratic Republic of Congo (7%).
Between 1 January and 31 October 2019, 9,649 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 56% decrease in sea arrivals compared to the same period last year (22,031). In October 2019, 2,016 individuals reached Italian shores, compared to 1,007 in October 2018. This is so far the second highest number of monthly sea arrivals in 2019, following the peak recorded in September 2019.
Geneva – IOM reports that 89,997 migrants and refugees have entered Europe by sea through 6 November, roughly an 11 per cent decrease from the 101,185 arriving during the same period last year.
Arrivals this year to Greece and Spain are at 48,804 and 22,339, respectively, (71,143 combined) accounting for about 79 per cent of the regional total, with the balance arriving in much smaller numbers to Italy, Malta and Cyprus. Arrivals to Greece are running approximately 75 per cent ahead of 2018’s totals from this time. Arrivals to Spain are more than 50 per cent lower.
By the end of October 2019, UNHCR had created 25,545 places in the accommodation scheme as part of the ESTIA programme. These were in 4,475 apartments and 14 buildings, in 14 cities and 7 islands across Greece.
1.760 children in long term or temporary accommodation
1598* children in RICs
234* children in Protective custody
160* children in Open temporary accommodation facilities
1210* children in Insecure housing conditions
*The above numbers include 276 separated children, and 248 pending transfer to long term or temporary accommodation
4962 children in total out of which:
Between 1 January and 30 September 2019, some 81,300 refugees and migrants arrived via the three Mediterranean routes from North Africa and Turkey. Most crossed the Eastern Mediterranean from Turkey. Arrivals in 2019 most commonly originated from Afghanistan, Syria, Morocco and Algeria.
In 2019, 46% of arrivals were men, 21% women and 33% children.
The second publication of the annual Mixed Migration Review by the Mixed Migration Centre offers updates on global mixed migration trends and policy events while examining future trends and expectations in a wide range of sectors and their impact on mixed migration. The Keeping track and Managing flows sections respectively set out the year’s key mixed migration trends across the globe and summarise selected policy and legislative developments.
This week, 2,411 people arrived on the Aegean islands, an increase from last week’s 1,673 and from last year’s 1,075 arrivals during the same period.
The average daily arrivals this week equalled 344, compared to 239 in the previous week.
Population on the Islands
This report is based on data collected through DTM’s Comprehensive Migration Flows Surveys (CMFS) in 2016, methodology that aims to enable a better understanding of migration flows from Pakistan towards Europe. The report focuses on Pakistani returnees and is divided into five main sections covering: socio-demographic profile, social networks in Europe, reasons and drivers for migration, migration facilitators and expected challenges of migration.