Le présent rapport, soumis en application de la résolution 70/167 de l’Assemblée générale, rend compte des travaux et réalisations du Centre sous-régional des droits de l’homme et de la démocratie en Afrique centrale entre le 1er août 2015 et le 31 juillet 2017. Le rapport décrit également les difficultés spécifiques rencontrées par le Centre ainsi que les possibilités de s’engager davantage dans la sous-région.
The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 70/167 and outlines the work and achievements of the Subregional Centre for Human Rights and Democracy in Central Africa from 1 August 2015 to 31 July 2017. The report also describes the particular challenges facing the Centre and opportunities for further engagement in the subregion.
On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.
2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.
I. EUROPE ET MONDE
L’Espagne condamnée pour avoir immédiatement renvoyé des migrants perati à Melilla
Au cours de la période considérée, le Comité consultatif permanent des Nations Unies chargé des questions de sécurité en Afrique centrale a tenu deux réunions ministérielles : la quarante-troisième à Sao Tomé du 28 novembre au 1er décembre 2016 et la quarante-quatrième à Yaoundé du 29 mai au 2 juin 2017. Ces deux réunions ministérielles ont été organisées par le Bureau régional des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique centrale (BRENUAC), en sa qualité de secrétariat du Comité
During the reporting period, the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa held two ministerial meetings. The forty-third meeting was held in Sao Tome from 28 November to 1 December 2016 and the forty-fourth meeting was held in Yaoundé from 29 May to 2 June 2017. Both meetings were organized by the United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA), in its capacity as secretariat of the Committee.
IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain better understanding of population movements throughout West and Central Africa. Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) allow IOM to quantify and qualify migration flows, trends, and routes, at entry, transit or exit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centers). As of February 2016, IOM Niger has been carrying out flow monitoring of migrants at two points in Niger in the region of Agadez.
Switzerland – The UN Migration Agency (IOM) reports that 101,417 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2017 through 9 July, with almost 85 per cent arriving in Italy and the remainder divided between Greece, Cyprus and Spain. This compares with 239,492 arrivals across the region through 9 July 2016.
Le PNUD appelle à une mobilisation renouvelée en faveur d’une approche sous-régionale susceptible de garantir la paix et la stabilité en Afrique centrale Bruxelles, le 14 mars 2017 - La persistance de l’insécurité et de la fragilité dans la sous-région d’Afrique centrale ne pourra être résolue que si les acteurs nationaux et régionaux, ainsi que les partenaires internationaux donnent la priorité à la consolidation de la paix et au développement des zones frontalières, encouragent l’engagement et la participation des citoyens, et améliorent les indicateurs de la gouvernance et la gestion …
Brussels--Persistent insecurity and fragility in the Central African sub-region can only be addressed if national and regional actors, as well as international partners, prioritize peacebuilding and development of border areas, boost citizens' engagement and participation, and improve governance indicators and management of natural resources.
In January, there were nearly 8000 detections of illegal border crossings on the three main migratory routes into the EU.
4400 migrants reached Italy by sea in January, a drop of 16% from a year ago and of nearly 46% from December. Most of the departures occurred from Libya.
The main reason for the decrease in migratory flows last month was worsening weather conditions on the Central Mediterranean, which made it nearly impossible to make a sea crossing for a larger part of the month.
MAIN TARGETS FOR 2017
Conflict-affected people in northern Cameroon better cope with their situation with emergency assistance from the ICRC. Some use ICRC-provided seed/tools or veterinary services to regain or bolster sources of food and income.
In northern Cameroon, sick and wounded people have improved access to services at ICRC-supported health facilities. Those unable to reach these facilities are able to receive treatment from mobile health units.
The map below shows asylum applications by under age 18 year olds and gender. Darker colours mean more people have applied in a certain country. Use the slider to select a year or the drop down menus below to display data for different age groups or different home countries.
The IFRC Central Africa multi-country cluster support team based in Yaoundé provides support to National Red Cross Societies in six countries: Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of the Congo ( DRC), the Congo Republic (RoC) and Sao Tome & Principe. We also provide technical support to the Central African Red Cross Society and to other National Red Cross Societies in the continent for specific events and emergency operations when needed.
As the representative of the current Chair of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa, I have the honour to transmit to you herewith (see annex) the report of the Committee on its forty-first ministerial meeting, which was held in Libreville from 23 to 27 November 2015, together with the following documents:
• Status of implementation of the recommendations of the fortieth meeting and the list of recommendations of the thirty-ninth meeting;
ECCAS' ambitious plans, state-focused structure and militaristic approach may be undermining its ability to address regional peace and security crises.
The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) has a long way to go in preventing regional crises. Many challenges remain in making the infrastructure (especially the Central African Early Warning Mechanism and the Central African Multinational Force) operational and effective, and there is a gap between ambition and reality.