Looking back at 2015, the programme has seen remarkable steps forward towards polio eradication. A wrap-up of the year shows fewer cases in fewer places than ever before. The report on the status of polio eradication to WHO's Executive Board also summarizes the progress on the Polio Endgame Plan, and on Resolution WHA68.3, adopted by the World Health Assembly (WHA) in May 2015. The year to come will need strengthened momentum to build on these gains and deliver a polio-free world.
Looking back at 2015 and ahead at 2016: a wrap-up of the year shows fewer cases in fewer places than ever before. The report on the status of polio eradication to WHO's Executive Board also summarizes the progress on the Polio Endgame Plan, and on Resolution WHA68.3, adopted by the World Health Assembly (WHA) in May 2015.
The report on the September 2015 meeting of the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on immunization (SAGE) was published this week, confirming that the globally coordinated withdrawal of the type 2 component in oral polio vaccine (OPV), also referred to as the 'tOPV to bOPV switch', should occur in April 2016.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) with headquarters in Abuja, Nigeria was founded in 1975 with fifteen West African member states. Its mission is to promote economic integration in "all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and cultural matters."
La conférence de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre sur le financement du secteur de l’eau et de l’assainissement vise à obtenir davantage de fonds
DAKAR, Sénégal, 15 décembre 2015 – Quelque 180 000 enfants de moins de 5 ans meurent chaque année – soit à peu près 500 par jour – en Afrique subsaharienne à cause de maladies diarrhéiques imputables au manque de services d’eau, d’assainissement et d’hygiène (WASH), a déclaré l’UNICEF avant l’ouverture d’une conférence sur le financement du secteur à Dakar.
West & Central Africa conference on financing for water, sanitation aims to get more funding to sector
DAKAR, Senegal, 15 December 2015 – Around 180,000 children under 5 years old die every year – roughly 500 a day – in sub-Saharan Africa due to diarrhoeal diseases linked to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), UNICEF said ahead of a conference in Dakar on financing for the sector.
Genève, le 27 Novembre 2015- Le PNUD a réalisé des réductions importantes du prix des médicaments contre le VIH qu'il procure. L’organisation a réussi à faire baisser, sans précédent, le coût du traitement de 100 $ par patient et par an en Haïti et d’autres pays comme la Guinée équatoriale, le Mali, le Soudan du Sud, Zambie et Zimbabwe. Grâce à ces réductions de prix le PNUD permet d'économiser 25 millions $ qui sont utilisés pour mettre plus de 250.000 personnes sous ce traitement salvateur contre le VIH.
Geneva - UNDP has achieved significant reductions in the price of HIV medicines that it procures, bringing down the cost of the most common treatment to an unprecedented US$100 per patient per year in Zambia, Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, Mali, South Sudan, and Zimbabwe. Through these price reductions UNDP is saving US$ 25 million that are being used to put an additional 250,000 people on life-saving HIV treatment.
UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibé met with the President of Equatorial Guinea, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, on 26 November in Malabo. During the meeting, Mr Sidibé stressed the need for Equatorial Guinea to decentralize HIV testing and access to treatment to the district level.
With HIV prevalence estimated at 6.2% in 2014, Equatorial Guinea has taken steps to scale up its response to HIV. The country is fully funding its HIV response and access to treatment is free of charge.
The emergency committee of the International Health Regulations (IHR) has met for the seventh time and assessed that the international spread of polio continues to constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). They also expanded the temporary recommendations to outbreaks of circulating vaccine derived poliovirus, due to the importance of stopping all types of poliovirus as we near the finish line of polio eradication. Learn more about cVDPVs.
In 2015, wild poliovirus transmission is at the lowest levels ever, with fewer cases reported from fewer areas of fewer countries than ever before. In 2015, 56 wild poliovirus cases have been reported from two countries (Pakistan and Afghanistan), compared to 290 cases from nine countries during the same period in 2014.
In the past decade, chronic food insecurity and malnutrition, cyclical drought, locust infestations, seasonal floods, disease outbreaks, and recurrent complex emergencies have presented major challenges to vulnerable populations in the West Africa region.
Three years since no wild poliovirus type 3: the 10th of November is an opportunity to mark three years with no child paralysed by wild poliovirus type 3 (WPV3); a reminder of the role of surveillance in ensuring the world is polio free, and of innovations in driving the programme forward. For more, please click here.
Significant progress has been made to fight the outbreaks of wild poliovirus type 1 that occurred in the Middle East and Somalia in 2013. The outbreak in Somalia was officially declared over after an outbreak assessment team conducted an in depth review in October.
On 20 October, the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on immunization (SAGE) confirmed that the globally coordinated withdrawal of the type 2 component in oral polio vaccine (OPV) should occur in April 2016, specifically in a window from 17 April to 1 May. Countries should intensify their preparatory efforts to switch from trivalent OPV to bivalent OPV to meet this timeline.
In Lao Democratic People’s Republic a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) outbreak has been confirmed, with one case, an eight year old boy who had onset of paralysis on 7 September. Outbreaks of cVDPVs can arise in areas of low population immunity, emphasizing the importance of strong vaccination coverage. Learn more about VDPVs.
Afghanistan became the final polio-endemic country to introduce the inactivated polio vaccine on 30 September as part of the biggest globally synchronized vaccine introduction in history.
This week, the Independent Monitoring Board is meeting in London to assess progress towards polio eradication and to make recommendations for the coming months. The report is expected to be published in the next few weeks.