Santo Domingo – La creciente intensidad y frecuencia con que se experimentan los desastres en el Caribe y, por lo tanto, un flujo migratorio regional intenso, demuestran la necesidad crítica de mejorar la gestión del riesgo de desastres.
UN agencies, NGOs, and government employees sharing the same workspace helped collaboration and information sharing.
Sector-specific and cross-sector coordination meetings allowed agencies and government actors to share information that reduced delays and increased collaboration between actors.
The lack of reliable baseline data greatly hampered efforts and delayed carrying out assessments and distributions properly during the response.
La réflexion menée sur le renforcement des capacités de la Croix-Rouge française et sur la mise en place d’un dispositif de réduction des risques récurrents de catastrophes concerne toute la zone des Antilles. En effet, celle-ci est exposée aux ouragans, séismes, inondations, et est d’autant plus vulnérable qu’elle est composée de nombreuses petites îles isolées.
Près de deux mois après le passage de l’ouragan Irma, chacun conserve à l’esprit les images d’un drame meurtrier : des maisons balayées, des populations privées d’eau potable et d’électricité, des écoles détruites, des centres de soins submergés. Oui, dans la nuit du 5 au 6 septembre dernier, les Caraïbes et singulièrement Saint-Martin et Saint Barthélémy, étaient confrontées à l’une des épreuves les plus terribles de leur histoire.
WMO report highlights impacts on human safety, well-being and environment
6 November 2017 (WMO) - It is very likely that 2017 will be one of the three hottest years on record, with many high-impact events including catastrophic hurricanes and floods, debilitating heatwaves and drought. Long-term indicators of climate change such as increasing carbon dioxide concentrations, sea level rise and ocean acidification continue unabated. Arctic sea ice coverage remains below average and previously stable Antarctic sea ice extent was at or near a record low.
Un rapport de l'OMM met en évidence les répercussions sur la santé humaine, la qualité de vie et l'environnement
Tropical Storm Maria formed in the central Atlantic Ocean and is the tenth most intense on record. At its peak, the hurricane caused catastrophic damage and numerous fatalities across the north-eastern Caribbean, and is considered to be the worst natural disaster on record in Dominica. It also caused catastrophic damage in Puerto Rico.
On 24 October, the government of Dominica reopened 20 schools. Five of them were used as collective centres. IOM, in collaboration with the Ministry of Social Services, Gender and Family Affairs, developed a strategy to support the voluntary return or relocation of people hosted at schools used as collective centres.
4 Wi-Fi hotspots for the population
4,094 unique users
240 GB of data used by the population
3 Ambulant Wi-Fi operations
272 unique users
13 GB of data used by the population
18 calling operations
5 satphones strategically positioned in out-of-coverage parishes
SYNOPSIS OF HURRICANE MARIA
Maria, the 13th named storm of the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season, became a category 5 hurricane near the Leeward Islands on Monday September 18th, 2017. Hurricane Maria impacted Dominica at approximately 9:35pm on September 18th as an extremely strong hurricane with wind speeds of 155 mph. Maria then impacted Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat and St. Kitts and Nevis on September 19th, 2017 and the Virgin Islands September 19 – 20, 2017.
Focus on tropical cyclones on American continent “Hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons are the same weather phenomenon; we just use different names for these storms in different places. In the Atlantic and Northeast Pacific, the term “hurricane” is used. The same type of disturbance in the Northwest Pacific is called a “typhoon” and “cyclones” occur in the South Pacific and Indian Ocean” (NOAA, 2017).
SYNOPSIS OF HURRICANE MARIA
Maria, the 13th named hurricane of the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season, became a category 5 hurricane near the Leeward Islands on Monday September 18 th, 2017. Hurricane Maria impacted Dominica at approximately 9:35pm on September 18 th as an extremely strong hurricane with wind speeds of 155 mph. Maria then impacted Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat and St. Kitts and Nevis on September 19th, 2017 and the Virgin Islands September 19 – 20, 2017.
Initial reports from the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) indicate that 15 people are confirmed to have died in Dominica during Hurricane Maria, and at least 16 people are missing.
This figure may rise as contact is made with cut-off communities.
There is no electricity, very limited communications and a widespread shortage of food and water. An estimated 98 per cent of roofs were partially or totally destroyed, and 50 per cent of housing frames damaged.
On 26 September at 6.00 UTC, hurricane MARIA was located 360 km southeast of Hatteras (North Carolina, USA) as a category 1 hurricane. Tropical storm warnings are in effect for parts of North Carolina.
This report is produced by OCHA ROLAC in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the first period from 06 to 25 September, 2017. The next report will be issued on or around 28 September 2017.
The initial response to Hurricane Maria in Dominica is underway as humanitarian organizations arrive to deliver critical aid and carry out assessments throughout the rest of the island.