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26 Nov 2017 description

Roz Price
Institute of Development Studies

Question

Where have rapid environmental impact assessments on sustainability of water supply approaches (including identification of mechanisms for aquifer monitoring and recharge) been completed in situations of mass displacement into camps (and spontaneous sites), and how have they been used by international actors to influence government land allocation decision making?

Summary

20 Oct 2017 description

Question

What innovative WASH options exist for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited space? What lessons have been learned from their application?

Summary

25 Jul 2017 description

Question

What are the strengths and weaknesses of migration programming that has taken place / is underway in north and sub-Saharan Africa? Specifically, in areas such as livelihoods support, protection of migrants, border security and support for resettlement and voluntary return?

Summary

22 Apr 2016 description

Migratory context and drivers:

  • Until the early 1990s, Ethiopia was one of the largest sources of refugees and migrants in Africa; since then it has become the largest refugee-hosting country in Africa.

  • Compared with many other countries in Africa, Ethiopia has a relatively low international migration rate.
    Analysis anticipates Ethiopia may experience rising outward migration rates in the next few decades as it develops and, as a result, continuing migratory pressures.

06 Apr 2016 description

Somalia is a country of origin, destination, transit and return for a large number of people moving across the Horn of Africa region and beyond. Somalis have fled the country in large numbers since the late 1960s as a result of war, poverty and a lack of freedom. Protracted conflict and the absence of a functioning government have produced a diaspora of between 1 and 1.5 million people.

02 Mar 2016 description

Eritreans have fled the country in large numbers since the 1960s as a result of war, poverty and a lack of freedom. The 30-year long Independence war produced a diaspora of over a million people, mostly based in Sudan, the Middle East, Europe and the US. Significant numbers displaced during this war returned after Independence in 1993 and throughout the remainder of the 1990s.

02 Mar 2016 description

By Anna Louise Strachan

Sudan is a source, transit, and destination country for migrants. Sudanese migrants are a mixed group of refugees and asylum seekers, economic migrants and, to a lesser extent, foreign students. The majority are men aged 25–40, and they come from a wide range of socioeconomic and educational backgrounds.

17 Feb 2015 description

Question

What models of crisis management exist across Africa and what has the experience been?

Summary

28 Jan 2014 description

Question

Democratic governance initiatives - policy advocacy: Links between democratic governance initiatives and poverty reduction: Please identify some examples of successful democratic governance interventions with a specific focus on supporting policy advocacy, and how do these interventions impact on poverty reduction? Please do a short literature review with an emphasis on lessons learnt. Please also identify and summarise evaluations of implemented development programmes.

Helpdesk response

05 Mar 2013 description

This paper draws together research from across the Young Lives longitudinal study of child poverty to answer questions about how inequality shapes children’s development. Overall, it finds clear evidence that children from the poorest households are most vulnerable and quickly fall behind their peers, in terms of equality of opportunity as well as outcomes. It argues that since inequalities are multidimensional, so too must be the response: equitable growth policies, education and health services, underpinned by effective social protection, all have a role to play.

19 Oct 2012 description

Question

Preventing conflict between refugees and host communities: Provide examples of good practice/programmes in preventing/addressing conflict between refugees and host communities

Helpdesk response

This report includes programme examples from 13 countries. It highlights three main types of programme designed to tackle tensions and conflicts between refugees and host communities: