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08 Sep 2017 description

Famine: Lessons Learned was produced as the world was responding to four potential famines simultaneously – in Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia.

Much has been written and researched on famine, and many lessons on how to best prevent and respond to famine have been learned the hard way. This paper therefore draws on lessons learned from the last 30-plus years of famine crises and response, going back to famines in Ethiopia and Sudan in the 1980s, up to the most recent famine in Somalia in 2011.

06 Sep 2017 description

The broad-ranging benefits of cash transfers are now widely recognized. However, the evidence base highlights that they often fall short in achieving longer-term and second-order impacts related to nutrition, learning outcomes and morbidity.In recognition of these limitations, several ‘cash plus’ initiatives have been introduced, whereby cash transfers are combined with one or more types of complementary support.

24 Jul 2017 description

Kerry A. Millington and Mina Bhardwaj

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

Summary

11 Jan 2017 description

Mutahi, P. and Ruteere, M.

IDS Evidence Report 217

Publisher IDS

Download this publication (822KB)

09 Sep 2016 description
file preview
Policy briefing

When food prices spiked in 2008, the international price of basic food items peaked at unprecedented levels, bringing a wave of food riots in low-income countries. Subsequent price volatility had huge impacts on millions of people who struggled to feed their families nutritiously. Life in a Time of Food Price Volatility was a real-time investigation by IDS and Oxfam of the experiences of people on low and uncertain incomes as they made dramatic adjustments to their place in the global economy in the wake of the food and financial crises that began in 2007.

28 Aug 2015 description

Despite widespread investments in child poverty reduction, the way in which child poverty is measured presents a narrow and partial picture. Current practice is still biased towards measuring static and single dimensions of child poverty, primarily using monetary indicators as a proxy to capture other areas of deprivation. This limits the understanding of underlying causes that keep children trapped in poverty and what needs to be done to reduce all forms of child poverty.

01 Jul 2014 description

Nisbett, N., Wach, E., Haddad, L., and Shams, E. L.

IDS Working Paper 447

Leadership has been identified as a key factor in supporting action on nutrition in countries experiencing a high burden of childhood undernutrition.

23 May 2013 description

Food prices squeezing poor people and driving social change by stealth

A new era of high and volatile food prices go beyond affecting what people can afford to eat and are causing life-changing shifts in society, experts warn today.

08 Feb 2013 description

Mengistu Dessalegn, Likimyelesh Nigussie, Wondwosen Michago, Josephine Tucker, Alan Nicol and Roger Calow

This assessment explores local water security in two very different sites in rural Ethiopia – a pastoral district in the eastern Somali region (Shinile), and a somewhat remote agricultural district in the south (Konso). The following questions were addressed using a combination of field research and analysis of available secondary data and literature:

14 Aug 2012 description

Studying chronic poverty using retrospective qualitative data (life histories) in conjunction with longitudinal panel data is now widely recognised to provide deeper and more reliable insights (Davis and Baulch, 2009). This paper uses three rounds of panel data and life histories collected by Young Lives, a longitudinal study of childhood poverty, to identify factors that contribute to households becoming or remaining poor in rural Ethiopia, with related effects on the children within those households.

12 Jul 2012 description

The Horn of Africa is in the headlines for all the wrong reasons: drought, famine, conflict, hunger and death. Recent images from Kenya show herders carrying guns for protection against raiders; reports from Somalia highlight the suffering caused by drought and violence. The finger of blame has been pointed to the changing climate, to environmental degradation, to overpopulation, to geopolitics and conflict, to aid agency failures, and more.

09 Jul 2012 description

Using panel data from the Ethiopian Productive Safety Net Program, this paper explores the degree to which this social protection programme has been successful in protecting its beneficiaries against the various shocks that have affected the Horn of Africa in the recent past. The analysis suggests that although the PSNP has managed to improve households’ food security and wellbeing, the positive effects of the programme are not robust enough to shield recipients completely against the impacts of severe shocks.

08 Dec 2011 description

Six million children die of hunger every year. Over 40 per cent of children under five in countries such as Bangladesh, Ethiopia, India, Nepal and Niger are stunted.

Children that do survive are more likely to have heart disease, diabetes and renal damage. Many solutions to malnutrition are nutrition-focused agricultural interventions like bio-fortification, home gardens, dairy and livestock development and aquaculture.

06 Apr 2011 description

Development experts, policymakers and academics, meeting at a major conference on global land grabbing, being held at IDS, were told today that a new 'scramble for Africa' is taking place. A major study released by the World Bank last September found that in 2009 deals were being struck for the allocation of 45 million hectares of land, 70 per cent of this was in Africa.

02 Apr 2011 description

3 April 2011 - Hussein Abdullahi Mahmoud and Abdirizak A. Nunow

Frequently depicted as in crisis, pastoralists are changing the way they live and work in response to new opportunities and threats revealing the resilience that pastoralists have demonstrated for millennia. Accessing new markets and innovating solutions to safeguard incomes, this often misunderstood and marginalised community is re-positioning itself to make the most of the East African economy.

04 Feb 2011 description

4 February 2011 - David Hughes

Agricultural development in Africa is hampered by a lack of investment in the physical, scientific, financial and human capacity required to transform the continent into the breadbasket of the world that it has the potential to become. Global financial and food crises have brought agriculture into even sharper focus reminding us again of the close link between poverty and food insecurity and signalling a need to reinvest (and prioritise) agriculture.

But without agricultural researchers advancements will be slow.