Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #8 – Reporting Period: August 2018
- Ethiopia: Some 1,786 Displaced Persons Return Home
- Ethiopia: West Guji Zone - Ongoing Humanitarian Activities Overview (as of 15 Sep 2018)
- ‘Wind of hope’ blowing through Horn of Africa says UN chief, as Ethiopia and Eritrea sign historic peace accord
- Ethiopia Key Message Update, September 2018
Intercommunal conflict in the Somali and Oromia border regions that escalated on 4 August has led to the internal displacement of more than 141,000 people. Shelter and health assistance are among the most urgent needs for the IDPs. The areas most affected by the conflict are Jijiga in Somali region and East Hararghe area in Oromia, where fatalities among the population were reported. With the exception of a reported influx of around 2,000 displaced people into Mekelle Town of Tigray region, there is no other information regarding the impact of the August events on Tigray.
This report compares current humanitarian crises based on their level of humanitarian access. Affected populations in more than 40 countries are not getting proper humanitarian assistance due to access constraints. Out of 44 countries included in the report, nearly half of them are currently facing critical humanitarian access constraints, with four countries (Eritrea, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen) being considered as inaccessible. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in eight countries, and 15 face low humanitarian access constraints.
Some 800,000 people have been displaced since 13 April due to intercommunal violence along the border of Gedeo and West Guji zones (642,152 people in Gedeo and 176,098 in West Guji zone). At least 75 people have died due to conflict.
The influx of IDPs in some areas has nearly doubled the population and resources are stretched beyond capacity. Humanitarian needs include food, shelter, NFI and WASH supplies.
Read more about Ethiopia
Around 400,000 people have been newly displaced on both sides of the regional borders of Gedeo (SNNP region) and Guji (Oromia region) zones since 1 June (ECHO 19/06/2018). In total, some 700,000 people have been displaced since a new wave of violence between the Gedeo and Guji communities started on 13 April. Insecurity continues to prevent IDPs from returning to their areas of origin (OCHA 14/06/2018; OCHA 22/05/2018; UNICEF 10/05/2018). IDPs are staying in shelters in public buildings and spontaneous IDP sites.
Heavy rains have been ongoing in Cox’s Bazar since 9 June, causing flooding, landslides, and water logging in the camps where 915,000 Rohingya refugees are hosted.
More than 10,000 people have been affected and about 200 people have been displaced. Shelter and WASH needs are high due to damage reported to shelters, water points, and latrines. Access to the affected areas is limited due to flooding and damaged roads.
A tropical cyclone developed on 16 May in the Gulf of Aden, between Yemen and Somalia, known as Cyclone Sagar. It hit Djibouti on 19 May causing heavy rains and flash floods (OCHA 22/05/2018;
On 8 May, an outbreak of the Ebola virus was declared after two cases were confirmed in Bikoro Health Zone, Equateur province. 39 cases have been reported since early April, including 19 deaths (49% CFR). So far only Equateur province is affected, but there is a risk that the virus will spread elsewhere.
The Anglophone crisis continues to drive humanitarian needs in Northwest and Southwest regions.
In the last week of April, clashes between secessionists and the army escalated in Muyuka subdivision. Residents of at least two villages (Bafia and Munyenge) fled their homes. An estimated 40,000 people have been internally displaced by the violence in the past six months in two subdivisions of Southwest region alone.
Read more about Cameroon
Following security operations in Moyale, Ethiopia, some 10,000 people have been displaced to Moyale in Marsabit county, Kenya, since 10 March. The displaced population is currently staying in makeshift camps around Moyale. 80% of the displaced people are women and children, including 600 pregnant women and 1,500 children under five. Multisectoral assistance is urgently needed.
Renewed fighting and strengthened presence of armed groups in eastern prefectures of CAR, particularly in Basse-Kotto and Mbomou, have increased insecurity and limited humanitarian access since early 2018.
Fighting also continues in western CAR: repeated cycles of violence since October 2017 in Gamboula sub-prefecture have displaced some 21,700 people within the sub-prefecture, and affected populations in transhumance areas, including Nassole and Dilapoko.
Geneva, Thursday 15 March 2018
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in seven countries over the past six months, according to the Humanitarian Access Overview report released today by ACAPS.
Out of the 37 countries included in the report, nearly half of them (18) are currently facing high humanitarian access constraints. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in nine countries and ten present low humanitarian access constraints.
Food security remains a major humanitarian concern in 2018 in multiple contexts. In this report, ACAPS highlights five of the worst affected countries, where large populations are food insecure, and where households and areas are either already in Catastrophe or Famine levels of food insecurity (IPC Phase 5), or are at risk of deteriorating into this situation.
Almost 900,000 people have been displaced since September in Oromia-Somali region due to conflict. There is limited humanitarian response. IDP children are particularly impacted by the crisis: over 84,000 children do not have access to education and up to 14,000 have been separated from their families. 120,000 under-5 children and 20,000 pregnant and lactating women are in need of nutrition assistance.
The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.
Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.
The plague outbreak continues to evolve, with 387 suspected cases including 45 deaths (CFR: 11.6%) between 1 August and 8 October.
In contrast to past outbreaks, the 2017 outbreak has affected densely populated areas including the capital Antananarivo and Toamasina, and 277 cases have been identified as highly transmissible pneumonic plague. WHO estimates the overall risk of further spread to be very high.
The country’s weak health system requires support, especially isolation and treatment capacity, in order to respond effectively.
Our methodology uses 9 indicators, grouped under 3 categories:
Access of humanitarian actors to affected population
Access of people in need to humanitarian aid
Security and physical constraints Each category is measured through proxy indicators, such as violence against personnel, denial of needs, or active hostilities.
Data is collected at the country level and may therefore not show disparities between sub-regions.
Ethiopia is now ranked as a Severe Humanitarian Crisis following the mid-year review in which an increased number of people were identified as needing humanitarian assistance, particularly in the food security and WASH sectors.