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20 Nov 2018 description
report World Vision

Key messages

Internal conflicts on the increase: At least 9 million people have been displaced within their borders as a result of inter-communal conflict and violence. This has been most notable in parts of Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. This makes conflict, the largest driver of displacement – with children often witnessing or experiencing horrific violence, exploitation and abuse.

19 Nov 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • The killing of four government officials in late September in Benishangul-Gumuz Region aggravated already existing ethnic tensions resulting in a large-scale intercommunal conflict displacing approximately 200,000 people along the Benishangul-Gumuz-Oromia border.

  • A polio vaccination campaign was successfully conducted in five zones of the Somali region between 23-26 September, reaching 486,816 children under 5 years of age.

16 Nov 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 48,337 displaced individuals comprising 8,816 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region. These figures represent a decrease of 5,243 in the total individuals (-9.79%) a decrease of 98 households (-1.10%) and no increase in sites since round 12 July/August 2018. 20.37% sites opened in 2017 and 1.85% opened in 2018. Climate factors were the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 33.92% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 11,821 displaced individuals comprising 3,732 households in 47 displacement sites were identified in AMHARA region. These figures represent an increase of 6,038 in the total individuals (104.41%) an increase of 2,232 households (148.80%) and an increase of 13 sites (38.24%) since round 12 July/ August 2018. 48.94% sites opened in 2017 and 19.15% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 97.91% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

TIGRAY REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 49,552 displaced individuals comprising 20,842 households in 103 displacement sites were identified in TIGRAY region. These figures represent an increase of 19,438 in the total individuals (64.55%) an increase of 9,526 households (84.18%) and an increase of 18 sites (21.18%) since round 12 July/August 2018. 7.77% sites opened in 2017 and 27.18% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 97.64% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 21,073 displaced individuals comprising 3,226 households in 14 displacement sites were identified in GAMBELLA region. These figures represent an increase of 8,338 in the total individuals (65.47%), an increase of 681 houesholds (26.76%) and an increase of 1 sites (7.69%) since round 12 July/ August 2018. 35.71% sites opened in 2017 and 28.57% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 82.23% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

SOMALI REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 1,016,166 displaced individuals comprising 168,246 households in 388 displacement sites were identified in SOMALI region. These figures represent a decrease of 75,044 in the total individuals (-6.88%) an decrease of 11,280 households (-6.28%) and an increase of 3 sites (0.78%) since round 12 July/August 2018. 59.54% sites opened in 2017 and 13.14% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 65.45% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS AND DRIVERS OF DISPLACEMENT

The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 599 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,472,209 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (531,001 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country (see figure 1).

16 Nov 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 53,580 displaced individuals comprising 8,914 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region*. These figures represent an i n crease of 179 in the total individuals (0.34%) and no increase in the number of sites since round 11 (May/June 2018). 15.88% sites opened in 2017 and 0.00% opened in 2018. Drought was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 36% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 5,783 displaced individuals comprising 1,500 households in 34 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent a decrease of -1,027 in the total individuals (-15.08%) a decrease of -113 households (-7.01%) and an increase of 2 sites (6.25%) since round 11 (May/ June 2018). 40.77% sites opened in 2017 and 6.30% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 90% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

12,735 displaced individuals comprising 2,545 households in 13 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region. These figures represent a decrease of -742 in the total individuals (-5.51%) a decrease of -150 households (-5.57%) and a decrease of -2 sites (-13.33%) since round 11 (May/ June 2018). 65.32% sites opened in 2017 and 4.00% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 100% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

SOMALI REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

1,091,210 displaced individuals comprising 179,526 households in 385 displacement sites were identified in Somali region. These figures represent a increase of 217,544 in the total individuals (24.90%) an increase of 37,512 households (26.41%) and an increase of 23 sites (6.35%) since round 11 (May/June 2018). 43.14% sites opened in 2017 and 28.91% opened in 2018.
Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 66% of the displaced population.

14 Nov 2018 description

Highlights
- Access constraints continue to prevent humanitarian partners from reaching some 57,000 displaced persons who remained within Oda (15,000) and Kamashi (42,000) zones of Benishangul Gumuz region.

Figures
- Affected population: 7.95 m
- MAM: 370,000
- SAM: 416,000
- # of people displaced due to conflict: 2.2 m
- # of people displaced due to climatic shocks: 0.5 m

12 Nov 2018 description

2013
Camp opened in May 2013
1,333
Permanent shelters built
Community- based Structures in place: Refugee Central Committee, Women Association, Youth Association, Association of Persons with disability
44 %
Of the population is under the age of 18 out of which 17% are female
15,017
refugees
Individually registered with ration cards
Education
Infrastructure available: 01 primary, 1 early, NO secondary, 01 YEP and 01 vocational training centre

OVERVIEW

12 Nov 2018 description

2008
Camp opened in 2008
2,529
Transitional shelters built
Community- based Structures in place
45%
Of the population is under the age of 18 of which 20% are female
17,825
refugees
Individually registered with ration cards
Education
Infrastructure available: 2 primary, 1 early, 1 secondary, 1 YEP vocational centre

OVERVIEW

The Mai-Aini refugee camp was established in May 2008 to accommodate Eritrean refugees seeking international protection.

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

09 Nov 2018 description

The Federal Government supports people in affected areas of Africa with 6.5 million euros from the Foreign Disaster Fund (FDF)

05 Nov 2018 description
  • Every day, 13.2 million litres of water are supplied across the refugee-hosting regions in Ethiopia, representing an average per capita distribution of 19 litres of water per person per day (lppd).

  • 12 of the 26 refugee camps have achieved the minimum standard of 20 litres of water person per day (lppd); 11 camps receive between 15 and 20 lppd while 3 camps receive less than 15 lppd

05 Nov 2018 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 55 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including: