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26 Nov 2018 description

This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of cluster co-chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 1 October to 15 November 2018.

Highlights

26 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Ireland contributes an additional €3.4 million to the Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund

FIGURES

  • Affected population 7.95 m
  • MAM 4.16m
  • SAM 370,000
  • # of people displaced due to conflict 2.2 m # of people displaced due to climatic shocks 0.5 m

FUNDING

16 Nov 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 48,337 displaced individuals comprising 8,816 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region. These figures represent a decrease of 5,243 in the total individuals (-9.79%) a decrease of 98 households (-1.10%) and no increase in sites since round 12 July/August 2018. 20.37% sites opened in 2017 and 1.85% opened in 2018. Climate factors were the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 33.92% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 11,821 displaced individuals comprising 3,732 households in 47 displacement sites were identified in AMHARA region. These figures represent an increase of 6,038 in the total individuals (104.41%) an increase of 2,232 households (148.80%) and an increase of 13 sites (38.24%) since round 12 July/ August 2018. 48.94% sites opened in 2017 and 19.15% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 97.91% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

TIGRAY REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 49,552 displaced individuals comprising 20,842 households in 103 displacement sites were identified in TIGRAY region. These figures represent an increase of 19,438 in the total individuals (64.55%) an increase of 9,526 households (84.18%) and an increase of 18 sites (21.18%) since round 12 July/August 2018. 7.77% sites opened in 2017 and 27.18% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 97.64% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 21,073 displaced individuals comprising 3,226 households in 14 displacement sites were identified in GAMBELLA region. These figures represent an increase of 8,338 in the total individuals (65.47%), an increase of 681 houesholds (26.76%) and an increase of 1 sites (7.69%) since round 12 July/ August 2018. 35.71% sites opened in 2017 and 28.57% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 82.23% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

SOMALI REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 1,016,166 displaced individuals comprising 168,246 households in 388 displacement sites were identified in SOMALI region. These figures represent a decrease of 75,044 in the total individuals (-6.88%) an decrease of 11,280 households (-6.28%) and an increase of 3 sites (0.78%) since round 12 July/August 2018. 59.54% sites opened in 2017 and 13.14% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 65.45% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS AND DRIVERS OF DISPLACEMENT

The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 599 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,472,209 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (531,001 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country (see figure 1).

16 Nov 2018 description

AFAR REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 53,580 displaced individuals comprising 8,914 households in 54 displacement sites were identified in AFAR region*. These figures represent an i n crease of 179 in the total individuals (0.34%) and no increase in the number of sites since round 11 (May/June 2018). 15.88% sites opened in 2017 and 0.00% opened in 2018. Drought was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 36% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

AMHARA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT: 5,783 displaced individuals comprising 1,500 households in 34 displacement sites were identified in Amhara region. These figures represent a decrease of -1,027 in the total individuals (-15.08%) a decrease of -113 households (-7.01%) and an increase of 2 sites (6.25%) since round 11 (May/ June 2018). 40.77% sites opened in 2017 and 6.30% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 90% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

GAMBELLA REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

12,735 displaced individuals comprising 2,545 households in 13 displacement sites were identified in Gambella region. These figures represent a decrease of -742 in the total individuals (-5.51%) a decrease of -150 households (-5.57%) and a decrease of -2 sites (-13.33%) since round 11 (May/ June 2018). 65.32% sites opened in 2017 and 4.00% opened in 2018. Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 100% of the displaced population.

16 Nov 2018 description

SOMALI REGION - KEY FINDINGS

LOCATION AND CAUSE OF DISPLACEMENT:

1,091,210 displaced individuals comprising 179,526 households in 385 displacement sites were identified in Somali region. These figures represent a increase of 217,544 in the total individuals (24.90%) an increase of 37,512 households (26.41%) and an increase of 23 sites (6.35%) since round 11 (May/June 2018). 43.14% sites opened in 2017 and 28.91% opened in 2018.
Conflict was the primary cause of displacement for an estimated 66% of the displaced population.

14 Nov 2018 description

Highlights
- Access constraints continue to prevent humanitarian partners from reaching some 57,000 displaced persons who remained within Oda (15,000) and Kamashi (42,000) zones of Benishangul Gumuz region.

Figures
- Affected population: 7.95 m
- MAM: 370,000
- SAM: 416,000
- # of people displaced due to conflict: 2.2 m
- # of people displaced due to climatic shocks: 0.5 m

12 Nov 2018 description

2013
Camp opened in May 2013
1,333
Permanent shelters built
Community- based Structures in place: Refugee Central Committee, Women Association, Youth Association, Association of Persons with disability
44 %
Of the population is under the age of 18 out of which 17% are female
15,017
refugees
Individually registered with ration cards
Education
Infrastructure available: 01 primary, 1 early, NO secondary, 01 YEP and 01 vocational training centre

OVERVIEW

12 Nov 2018 description

2008
Camp opened in 2008
2,529
Transitional shelters built
Community- based Structures in place
45%
Of the population is under the age of 18 of which 20% are female
17,825
refugees
Individually registered with ration cards
Education
Infrastructure available: 2 primary, 1 early, 1 secondary, 1 YEP vocational centre

OVERVIEW

The Mai-Aini refugee camp was established in May 2008 to accommodate Eritrean refugees seeking international protection.

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

05 Nov 2018 description
  • In the first half of 2018, 37,188 refugees had been supported with cash for the purchase of laundry soap and kitchen sets and 12,000 women for dignity kits through Cash-Based Interventions (CBIs) in Jijiga. 400 improved shelters were also constructed using cash.

  • UNHCR continues to support urban refugees in Addis Ababa with monthly cash assistance through a multi-purpose cash grant (MPCG). Through its partner NRC, UNHCR also continues to provide cash assistance to unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) in Shire.

05 Nov 2018 description
  • 167,695 refugees in Ethiopia are between the ages of 15-24, representing 18.5% of the registered refugee population in the country

  • 63,495 refugee youth are South Sudanese sheltered in camps in the Gambella region. They make up 38% of the youth refugee population in Ethiopia

  • In Pugnido camp, Gambella, a ‘Youth Peace Education Club’, comprising of young people from the host and refugee communities, work on initiatives aimed at fostering peaceful co-existence and peace-building

HIGHLIGHTS

01 Nov 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Clashes in Addis Ababa, Jijiga town, and Kamashi Zone displace thousands of civilians

  • USAID staff assess humanitarian conditions and coordination structures in Gedeo, identifying challenges

  • USG provides more than $481.5 million for humanitarian interventions in Ethiopia in FY 2018

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

01 Nov 2018 description
report World Vision

Inter-communal violence earlier this year displaced nearly a million people in Gedeo and West Guji zones in southern Ethiopia.

Learning for hundreds of thousands of children was completely interrupted. Reports by the national education cluster indicate that 46 schools suffered extensive damage to school buildings and learning materials, as well as sanitation facilities.

World Vision estimates that 40,000 pre-primary and primary school children in West Guji alone missed at least five months of schooling due to the conflict.

29 Oct 2018 description

Summary

The majority of the recorded population were displaced during 2017 with 596 sites reportedly opening in 2017 (DTM Rounds 3-8). In terms of overall cause of displacement, conflict was reported as the primary driver (1,453,422 IDPs), followed by displacement due to climate induced factors (541,490 IDPs) and other reason (40,264 IDPs). This trend is consistent over time, with conflict constantly being the primary cause of displacement across the country.