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01 Feb 2007 description

Executive Summary

Ethiopia is one of the most mine-affected countries in Africa, with contamination stemming from a series of internal and international armed conflicts, including:

- the Italian invasion and subsequent East Africa Campaigns (1935-1941),

- the Ogaden war between Ethiopia and Somalia (1977-1978),

- a border war with Sudan (1980),

- internal conflict (1974-1991), and

- the Ethiopian-Eritrean war (1998-2000).

The Ethiopian Landmine Impact Survey (ELIS) found more than 1.9 million people living in a total of 1,492 mine-affected communities.