Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Ethiopia - Round 13: September - October 2018
- Eritrea-Ethiopia peace leads to a refugee surge
- Ethiopia Food Security Outlook, October 2018 to May 2019
- Ethiopia: Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Afar Region, Round 13: September/October 2018 - Summary of Key Findings
FACTS & FIGURES
928 000 refugees from South Sudan, Somalia & Eritrea (UNOCHA, IOM, UNHCR)
2.7 million people are displaced by conflict & drought
7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance
3.85 million people with acute malnutrition
EU humanitarian funding: €91.5 million in 2017
Following the July 2018 peace agreement, the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments reopened crossing points on their shared border on September 11. According to the Shire District administration, up to 15 000 Eritreans have crossed into Ethiopia, some to visit relatives or to buy goods, many to stay.
- At least 23 people were killed in a weekend of violence near the capital Addis Ababa. It is reported that mobs of ethnic Oromo youths brutally attacked non-Oromo people, committed sexual violence, looted businesses and destroyed houses. The violence resulted in the displacement of 13 000 persons, mostly women and children who fled the area to seek refuge in 12 different sites of the capital, as well as with host communities. The Ethiopian Red Cross Society rapidly provided humanitarian assistance to the displaced people, in the form of non-food items.
Inter-ethnic violence since September 2017, namely along the Oromia-Somali regional border, has led to 500 000 people still being displaced.
In addition, Somali region has been one of the hardest hit areas of the 2016-2017 drought and the 2018 floods. Food insecurity and climate related displaced affects 373 600 individuals.
It is reported that recent violence early August 2018 has led thousands more to flee their homes and seek refuge, notably in East Hararghe.
Irregular Ethiopian migrants continue to be returned in large numbers from Saudi-Arabia and require humanitarian assistance. 134 797 returnees arriving in Addis Ababa airport have been registered since the end of the amnesty period granted by the Saudi-Arabian authorities in November 2017. The actual number of returnees is estimated to be around 170 000. Another estimated 260 000 Ethiopians are still in Saudi-Arabia and risk deportation in the coming months.
- Renewed inter-communal violence and insecurity in West-Guji (Oromia region) and Gedeo (Southern Nations and Nationalities Region) have led to an additional 400 000 people being displaced since the beginning of the month. The total number of IDPs since the eruption of violence in this region in April 2018 has now reached 700 000, with 527 263 in Gedeo and 170 467 in West Guji IDPs according to government reports.
Heavy rain has been affecting Ethiopia over the past days, causing damages and triggering landslides.
Having caused substantial flooding in the South-East of the country in the last weeks, the heaviest rains are now concentrated in the South-Western regions.
According to media, as of 29 May at 7.30 UTC, at least 32 people have been killed and several have been injured due to landslides in Gamo Gofa and Sidama zones (SNNPR state, southwestern Ethiopia).
- The South and South-East of Ethiopia are affected by serious drought due to the fourth consecutive failed rainy season. The performance of the spring rains is expected to be below normal while agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households have already largely lost their livelihoods due to previous droughts. Several zones in the south of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' (SNNP), Oromia and Somali regions are considered to be in Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) phase 3 (crisis) or 4 (emergency).
Since the beginning of the year 2018, due to heavy fighting and food insecurity and thanks to easier access since the end of the rainy season, there is a surge in refugees from South Sudan arriving in Gambela region. 2 300 individuals have been registered in Pamdong reception center in only three days.
Services in the reception center still need to be substantially scaled up to meet the needs of the new arrivals, mainly women and children.
Due to the increasing tensions and clashes in border areas between Oromia and Somali region, and especially since the flare up of violence in September 2017, 900 000 people have been internally displaced. Some of them have been expulsed by the regional authorities. There are around 200 formal and informal sites with conflict IDPs in the two regions.
The highly political nature of the conflict and overall context in Ethiopia create substantial challenges for humanitarian actors to assess the needs and provide assistance while respecting humanitarian principles.
Additional EU assistance of €15 million will help scale up the response to surging humanitarian needs in the drought-stricken country.
When women are forced to leave their houses, they often only carry items which are thought to be essential to the family. They leave behind personal articles, such as clothing and female hygiene products. In Ethiopia’s Somali region, where an endless drought has decimated livestock and left families destitute, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) helps displaced families through these challenging times. With EU humanitarian support, they provide girls and women with ‘dignity kits’ among other items. The kits include Little Sun solar lamps.
12.5 million people are now in need of food assistance. The food insecurity and malnutrition situation in the drought affected areas continues to deteriorate, in particular in Somali region. Food assistance was delayed for the past months due to pipeline breaks and logistics constraints, but has recently picked up and a national integrated relief plan for food and cash was elaborated until the end of the year. Integrated food security, nutrition and wash/health interventions are essential to bring down the spiking levels of acute malnutrition.
Hundreds of thousands of young Ethiopian lives are under constant threat from drought and food shortages. The good news, however, is that efforts to detect child malnutrition and provide treatment are bearing fruit. With the support of EU humanitarian aid and other donors, UNICEF is helping Ethiopia’s health system improve malnutrition screening and care. From January to October 2016, during the height of the El Niño drought, 272 165 children were treated for severe acute malnutrition.
The Government of Ethiopia has issued the revised Humanitarian Requirement Document (HRD) on 8 August 2017. USD 1.25 billion are currently needed to cover humanitarian needs in the country, of which USD 487.7 million outstanding requirements.
The number of people in need of emergency food assistance increased up to 8.5 million (compared to the initial number of 5.6 million foreseen in January 2017). Additional 4 million people targeted by the Government's food pipelines will also require sustained assistance for a total of USD 300 million.
7.8 million people are in need of emergency food assistance in Ethiopia, this figure is expected to increase to up to 15 million during the second half of the year.
In Ethiopia, Somali region (bordering Somalia) is most affected by drought and food insecurity; a dire food security emergency is ongoing. Approximately, 2.5 million people will require emergency food assistance in Somali Region. As of June, the worst-affected households were classified to be in 'Emergency' (IPC Phase 4).
A sharp increase in the number of South Sudanese refugees was recorded following clashes in Mathiang County of South Sudan, 50 km from the Ethiopian border. Approximately 4 000 persons reached Pagak Reception Centre through a variety of entry points with a peak in the arrival rate of 500 persons per hour. An indefinite number of people have also sought refuge directly within host communities.