Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- Placing IDPs on the Map in Ethiopia and Beyond
- ECHO Factsheet – Ethiopia – Last updated 17/12/2018
- Multi-million-dollar project to construct schools in refugee camps and host communities launched in Ethiopia
- Implementing solar irrigation to achieve resilient livelihoods in Southern Ethiopia
- 700,000 people flee conflict to seek safety in Somali region of Ethiopia
According to FEWSNET, there was an increase in food production due to the continued rainfall experienced in the eastern Horn of Africa. Average to above-average rains are expected to enhance crop and livestock production, increase demand for agricultural labor, and suppress resource-based conflict. Regardless of this, food insecurity persists due to a combination of factors, including conflict, drought recovery, previous and ongoing flooding.
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
3 Million People displaced in Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia by drought conditions
13.1 Million Food insecure people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia
16 Million People affected by drought in the region
1 Million People affected by floods
Heavy rains and flooding have continued to compound an already fragile humanitarian situation and worsening conditions for communities who recently endured a long period of drought.
According to FEWSNET, rainfall has been above average over broad areas of Somalia, Eastern and Southern Ethiopia and nearly all of Kenya. The strong performance of seasonal rains has contributed to a continuation of timely and well-distributed rains that had already resulted in seasonal rainfall surpluses across much of the region. Heavy rainfall has persisted across much of East Africa since March, with rainfall totaling more than 200 percent of average in many areas.
According to FEWSNET, the ongoing La Niña is forecast to drive poor performance of the Gu rains over much of the Horn of Africa, especially in pastoral areas of Somali Region and Southern Oromia. International, regional, and national forecasts indicate below-average rainfall is likely between March and May 2018 in South Eastern Ethiopia, and Kenya following three poor rainy seasons.
With below average rains experienced across the region, some locations in the Horn of Africa are expected to continue to drive humanitarian needs for the next six months. A weak La Niña will likely persist into the second quarter of 2018, which is historically associated with below average rainfall.
According to experts who spoke in the 48th Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum, La Niña could trigger severe hunger and lack of water for both humans and livestock, potentially increase conflict between communities over scarce resources and could increased migrations.
Water situation in Shinile area generally remained normal over the last quarter of 2012 as indicated by data received from selected strategic monitoring boreholes in Shinile zone. This is attributed to the rains that recharged surface water sources. When these sources dry up communities and their livestock shift to the boreholes that are normally equipped with submersible pumps and generators. When water stress escalates even more livestock and commercial water trucks continue watering at the boreholes and hence pumping hours at the boreholes rise drastically.
Water situation in Turkana generally remained normal over the last quarter of 2012 as indicated by data received from selected strategic monitoring boreholes in Turkana North.
This is attributed to the short rains that recharged surface water sources and the subsurface flow in the river beds where communities source for water traditionally. When these sources dry up communities make more use of the boreholes that are equipped with handpumps. Normally communities are charged very low user fees or even free.
1. Key Issues:
• The teams in Shinile have been getting letters of support and local MoUs signed with the relevant district offices, as part of our exercise in gathering supporting documents from local level for the regional MoU agreements.
• Intermon Oxfam has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Regional Authorities in Somali region and with partner Pastoralist Concern Ethiopia.
2. General Humanitarian Situation
Oxfam works to develop long-term solutions to Ethiopia's recurrent food crises.
Pipe and a few pumps make farming possible in an arid community.
Food crisis in Ethiopia puts millions at risk of starvation; drought and poverty require food aid, water, and long-term efforts to help impoverished communities.
Critical gaps exist in the relief supplies needed for the 11 million people affected by drought in Ethiopia. Despite encouraging responses from donors over the past few months, Oxfam remains concerned that approximately half of the food required for 2003 still needs to be pledged and delivered to avert a crisis. Latest figures from the World Food Programme indicate that there is enough food pledged by the international community to cover urgent food requirements until June 2003. However beyond that date - 11 million people in Ethiopia face an uncertain future.
The drought and famine that threatened millions of lives in Ethiopia earlier this year has eased a little. Relief assistance has improved the nutritional status of many communities, and half of those forced by hunger to leave their homes earlier in the year in the Tigray and Afar regions have now returned home. Yet a late rain season means that many regions are still without adequate food.