Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017
- Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Ethiopia: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - May 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Apr 2016
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018
- Ethiopia: Floods - Oct 2014
Most read reports
- 700,000 people flee conflict to seek safety in Somali region of Ethiopia
- The Crisis Below the Headlines: Conflict Displacement in Ethiopia
- UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #10 – Reporting Period: October 2018
- Ethiopia - Council conclusions (19 November 2018)
- Ethiopia to vaccinate more than 1 million people against yellow fever
The following post, written by Paul Dorosh and Shahidur Rashid from IFPRI’s Development Strategy and Governance Division, is part of an ongoing series of researcher-authored blog stories highlighting ongoing research at IFPRI.
June 15, 2015, Addis Ababa—Since 2000, Ethiopia has been doing something right in early childhood nutrition. Under-five child stunting rates have dropped from 58 percent to 40 percent, child wasting has dropped below 10 percent, and the prevalence of underweight in young children has declined from 41 to 25 percent.
This study uses two rounds of the Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey (EDHS) to statistically analyze patterns and trends in undernutrition (child growth) in Ethiopia over the period 2000 to 2011. In 2000, over half of Ethiopian preschool children were stunted and almost a third were severely stunted. However, progress against child undernutrition over the study period was solid, with stunting prevalence reduced by 1.4 percentage points per year, although progress has slowed since to 1.0 points per year between 2011 and 2014.
We study the relationship between pre-school children’s food consumption and household agricultural production. Using a large household survey from rural Ethiopia, we find that increasing household production diversity leads to considerable improvements in children’s diet diversity. However, we also document how this non-separability of consumption and production does not hold for households that have access to food markets.
Ongoing debate over water resource management and land degradation suggests a need for efficient sustainable land management mechanisms to improve agricultural output in the Blue Nile basin in Ethiopia. Numerous econometric and hydrological models have been developed to assess the effects of sustainable land and watershed management (SLWM) investments. However, these models fail to address the trade-offs faced by rural farmers in maintaining such structures.
Although theory predicts that better property rights to land can increase land productivity through tenure security effects (investment effects) and through more efficient input use due to enhanced tradability of the land (factor intensity effect), empirical studies on the size and magnitude of these effects are very scarce.
Results of economywide modeling
In 2013 the Bureaus of Agriculture in the regional states of Amhara, Oromia, and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples of Ethiopia supported a program of direct marketing of certified seed by seed producers to farmers across 31 woredas (districts). This program stands in contrast to the dominant procedure for supplying such seed in which farmers register with local agricultural offices or extension agents to purchase seed for the coming cropping season and then receive seed either directly from these local offices or through local cooperatives.
The survey was based on a stratified random sample of 3,000 households in the four main regions of Ethiopia: Tigray, Amhara, Oromiya, and the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s (SNNP) region. The selected households were dispersed across 100 woredas and 200 kebeles. In order to gather more in-depth information on the 83 woredas, initially identified as the ATA zone, these woredas were oversampled. In other words, 67 of the 83 ATA woredas were included in the sample.
Evidence from Ethiopia
While there exists ample studies that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land tenure reforms.
The use of modern agricultural inputs is considered the key to raising crop productivity and overall agricultural production in Ethiopia. The government places high priority on making modern agricultural inputs, particularly fertilizer and improved seed, more available to farmers. This reports describes the patterns of use of agricultural inputs by farmers in Ethiopia. It is based on the 2012 Baseline Survey carried out by the International Food Policy Research Institute for the Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA).
In Ethiopia, 85 percent of the population depends on agriculture for livelihood. Many are smallholder farmers who lack modern inputs and market access. Agricultural cooperatives hold much potential to enable these economically weak farmers to increase their collective bargaining power and individual capacities and so enhance their incomes. They provide input services, create market opportunities, and help sell their members’ products.
The Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) is targeted towards households that are both food-insecure and poor. Overall the targeting principles laid out in the Project Implementation Manual are being followed, but with some regional variation. Over time, community understanding of targeting criteria improved across most of the PSNP regions. From an international perspective, the PSNP is well-targeted.
By Grace Lerner
Nearly 30 years after the 1984 famine that left more than 400,000 people dead, Ethiopia has made significant progress toward food security. Some of these recent successes include a reduction in poverty, an increase in crop yields and availability, and an increase in per capita income—rising in some rural areas by more than 50 percent!
What happened to cause this breakthrough, and what steps does the country need to stay on track?
This paper uses spatially-explicit analyses of climate change effects on selected key sectors of Ethiopia’s economy to estimate both sector-wise and economy-wide estimates of impacts and adaptation costs.
Ethiopia has made considerable progress toward food security since the 1984 famine captured worldwide media attention. Almost 30 years after that calamity, Ethiopian per capita income has increased, poverty has fallen, food security has improved, and the groundwork has been laid for sustained economic growth.
A model to transform Ethiopia’s agriculture into a driver of growth
by Sarah Dalane
Ethiopia faces many challenges, but the country is quickly shedding its label as one of the world’s poorest countries, finding itself today among the world’s 10 fastest growing economies. The question now at hand is how to sustain this historic growth, and emerge as a middle-income country by 2025. The Ethiopian government is turning to its leading—but one of its most underperforming— industries for the answer: agriculture.
Summary of ESSP Working Paper 50, “Urban Food Retail in Africa: The Case of Addis Ababa”
Thomas Woldu, Girum Abebe, Indra Lamoot, and Bart Minten